Sunday, April 22, 2007

ENV: Big Springs Ranch Report, 22 April 2007

Faunal & Floral Survey of Big Springs Ranch
22 April 2007
TX: Real County, Big Springs on the Frio River, Big Springs Ranch, 9 miles N of Leakey E off US83 (location bounded by HEB Camp/Laity Lodge and Lost Maples State Natural Area), gate: 29.8437dN 099.6508dW, 1900’ elev., 26 April 2007, 7:40 a.m. – 4:25 p.m., 64-75dF
overcast, cool to warm and muggy.

BSRC Faunal & Floral Survey: Tom Collins (Center Point), Marcy Dorman (Kerrville), Tony Gallucci (Ingram)

On this trip 82 taxa were either added new to the Ranch list or were observed for the first time during the new series of surveys begun in April 2006, and thus confirmed continued presence.

This symbol * before the name indicates flowering this date.

ANIMALIA – Animals
1 Pupillid sp. (voucher)
2 White Globesnail, Helicina orbiculata
1 Cretaceous Snail sp. (fossil) (photo)

2 Wolf Spider sp.
1 Small Orange Web Spider sp.
1 Teal-butt Black Spider sp. (photo)
1 Long-jawed Spider sp.

1 Large Brown Millipede (photo)

8 Mosquito sp.
2 Cranefly sp.

1 Small Spider Hawk sp., Pepsis/Hemipepsis/Entypus sp.

50 European Honeybee, Apis mellifera

+ Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta *
+ Native Fire Ant, Solenopsis xyloni

1 Small Brown and White Grasshopper sp. (photo)
3 Pygmy Grasshopper sp. undetermined
30 Grasshopper sp.

2 Field Cricket sp., Gryllus sp.

3 Water Boatman sp., Hesperocorixa sp.
+ Gerrid Strider sp., Gerris sp.
+ Veliid Strider sp., Rhagovelia sp.
30 cf. Scarlet Plant Bug sp., cf. Lopidea sp. (photo)

1 Big headed Bug sp. (voucher)

+ Tent Caterpillar sp. on Yellow Buckeye
1 Pearly White Pyralid Moth sp.
4 Large Day-flying Sphingid

7 Eastern Dun Skipper, Euphyes vestris metacomet
10 Pipevine Swallowtail, Battus philenor philenor (Linnaeus)
1 Lyside Sulphur, Kricogonia lyside (Godart)
12 Sleepy Orange, Abaeis nicippe (Cramer)
3 Dainty Sulphur, Nathalis iole Boisduval
7 Checkered White, Pontia protodice
1 Plains Gray Hairstreak, Strymon melinus franki Field
1 Reakirt’s Blue, Echinargus isola alce (W.H. Edwards)
5 Red Satyr, Megisto rubricata (photo)
5 Little Wood Satyr, Megisto cymela
25 Question Mark, Polygonia interrogationis (photo)
1 Western Gulf Fritillary, Agraulis vanillae incarnata (Riley)
1 Variegated Fritillary, Euptoieta claudia (Cramer)
1 Phaon Crescent, Phyciodes phaon
2 Vesta Crescent, Phyciodes graphica vesta (W.H. Edwards)
5 Red Admiral, Vanessa atalanta

8 American Rubyspot, Hetaerina americana (Fabricius)
1 Great Spreadwing, Archilestes grandis (Rambur) (photo)
1 Arroyo Bluet, Enallagma praevarum (Hagen)
1 Familiar Bluet, Enallagma civile
14 Kiowa Dancer, Argia immunda (Hagen)
2 Blue-ringed Dancer, Argia sedula (Hagen)
2 Powdered Dancer, Argia moesta
4 Dot-winged-complex Baskettail, Epitheca cf. petechialis
1 Roseate Skimmer, Orthemis ferruginea (Fabricius)
2 Flame Skimmer, Libellula saturata Uhler (photo)
3 Common Whitetail, Plathemis lydia (Drury) (photo)
1 Eastern Pondhawk/Blue Dasher
1 Pale-faced Clubskimmer, Brechmorhoga mendax (Hagen)
2 teneral Dragons (poss. Sylph)

80 Roundnose Minnow, Dionda episcopa
20 Blacktail Shiner, Cyprinella venusta
+ Mosquitofish sp., Gambusia affinis/geiseri
6 Redbreast Sunfish, Lepomis auritus
4 Redear Sunfish, Lepomis microlophus

17 Blanchard’s Cricket Frog, Acris crepitans blanchardi
1 Cliff Chirping Frog, Eleutherodactylus marnocki
2 Rio Grande Leopard Frog, Rana berlandieri

1 Blotched Water Snake, Neroida erythrogaster transversa

2 Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
12 Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
1 Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus
1 Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamiacensis cf. fuertesi
3 Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularia
7 Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
2 Chimney Swift, Chaetura pelagica
1 Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri
2 Archilochus sp.
1 Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
5 Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Picoides scalaris
1 Green Kingfisher, Chloroceryle americana
4 Eastern Phoebe, Sayornis phoebe
4 Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens
1 Great Crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus
7 Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
31 Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
60 Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
2 Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx rufipennis
14 Purple Martin, Progne subis
2 White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus
4 Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo flavifrons
2 Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus
2 Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma coerulescens
2 (nest w/3 young) Common Raven, Corvus corax
5 Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum
1 Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
9 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea
6 Carolina Chickadee, Poecile carolinensis
8 Black-crested Titmouse, Baeolophus atricristatus
4 Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
2 Bewick's Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
5 Canyon Wren, Catherpes mexicanus
3 Carolina Wren, Thryothorus carolinensis
1 Northern Parula sp., Parula sp.
3 Nashville Warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla
2 Black-and-White Warbler, Mniotilta varia
1 Black-throated Green Warbler, Dendroica
7 Golden-cheeked Warbler, Dendroica chrysoparia
4 Yellow-throated Warbler, Dendrioca dominica
6 Louisiana Waterthrush, Seiurus
9 Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra
6 Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
1 Blue Grosbeak, Guiraca caerulea
30 Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
3 Rufous-crowned Sparrow, Aimophila rufescens
35 Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
4 Dickcissel, Spiza americana
3 House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus
1 Brown-headed Cowbird, Molothurs ater
3 Scott’s Oriole, Icterus parisorum

5 Edwards Plateau Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger limitus (also***) (photo)
2 Afghan Ural/Persian Red Sheep, Ovis ammon gmelini *
2 Blackbuck, Antilope caervicapra *
(damage) Domestic Pig [Feral Hog], Sus scrofa *
4 Domestic Horse [Quarterhorse, Mustang, Tobiano], Equus caballus **

ASCOMYCOTA – Fungus
Orange Finger Fungus on dead log (photo)
Cream Shelf Fungus o(photo)
True Fungus

TREBOUXIOPHYCEAE – Lichen+Algae Symbiont Family
Sea Green Crustose Lichen
Orange Crustose Lichen on limestone
Foliose Lichen

CHLOROPHYCEAE – Green Algae Family
Green Algae sp.

Class BRYOPSIDA
Moss sp.

Order METZGERIALES
Thalloid Liverwort sp.

PTERIDACEAE – Rock Fern Family
Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris (photo)

PELLAEACEAE – Cliffbrake Family
Purple Cliffbrake, Pellaea atropurpurea (photo)
ZigZag Cliffbrake, Pellaea ovata (photo)
Alabama Lipfern, Cheilanthes alabamensis (photo)

THELYPTERIDACEAE – Bracken Ferns
River Shieldfern, Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri (photo)

CUPRESSACEAE – Cypress Family
Ashe Juniper/Mountain Cedar, Juniperus ashei
Bald Cypress, Taxodium distichum (also ***)

POACEAE – Grass Family
Water Bentgrass, Agrostis semiverticillata (Polypogon viridis)
* Bushybeard Bluestem, Andropogon glomeratus
* King Ranch Bluestem, Bothriochloa ischaemum var. songarica *
* Coastal Bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon *
* Lindheimer Panicgrass, Dichanthelium (Panicum) lindheimeri
Lindheimer Muhly, Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
* Texas Wintergrass/Speargrass, Stipa (Nassella) leucotricha
Indiangrass, Sorghastrum nutans
* Purpletop Grass sp. (photo)

CYPERACEAE – Sedge Family
Sedge sp., Carex sp. (photo)
* Porcupine Sedge, Fuirena simplex
* Black Sedge, Schoenus nigricans
Jamiacan Sawgrass, Cladium jamaicense (photo)

LILIACEAE –True Lily Family
* Spring Rainlily, Cooperia pedunculata

ALLIACEAE – Garlic Family
* Drummond Wild Garlic, Allium drummondii
* Crowpoison - Nothoscordum bivalve (L.) Britt.

AGAVACEAE – Agave/Yucca Family
Twistleaf Yucca, Yucca rupicola
* Spanish Dagger, Yucca treculeana
Plains-type Yucca sp., Yucca sp. (Y. arkansana?)
[ Long-leaved/Candlestick/Torrey Yucca, Yucca cf. torreyi ]

RUSCACEAE – Beargrass Family
Texas Sotol, Dasylirion texanum

SMILACACEAE – Briar Family
Greenbriar, Smilax bona-nox

IRIDACEAE – Iris Family
* Blue-eyed Grass sp., Sisyrhinchium sp.

ORCHIDACEAE – Orchid Family
(budding) Giant Helleborine/Chatterbox Orchid, Epipactis gigantea (photo)

BROMELIACEAE – Pineapple and Airplant Family
Ballmoss, Tillandsia recurvata

VIOLACEAE – Violet Family
* Pansy, Viola tricolor **

EUHPORBIACEAE – Spurge Family
* Fendler Spurge, Euphorbia (Chamaesyce) fendleri
* Oneseed Croton, Croton monanthogynus

PASSIFLORACEAE – Passionflower Faimly
Yellow Passionflower, Passiflora affinis

JUGLANDACEAE – Hickory Family
Pecan, Carya illinoensis (also***)
Arizona Walnut, Juglans major
Mexican Walnut/Little Walnut/Nogalito, Juglans microcarpa

FAGACEAE – Oak/Beech Family
Texas Oak/Spanish Oak, Quercus buckleyi (Q. texana) ?
Plateau Live Oak, Quercus fusiformis ?
Lacey Oak/Blue Oak, Quercus laceyi (Q. glaucoides)
Plateau Chinkapin Oak, Quercus muhlenbergii var. brayi
Scalybark/Bastard/Shin Oak, Quercus sinuata var. breviloba

CACTACEAE – Cactus Family
Nipple Cactus, Coryphantha sulcata
Strawberry Pitaya, Echincereus enneacanthus
Claret Cup Cactus, Echinocereus triglochidiatus (also***)
* Engelmann’s Prickly Pear, Opuntia lindheimeri
* Orange Prickly Pear, Opuntia macrorhiza

NYCTAGINACEAE – Four O’Clock Family
(budding) Rock Four O’Clock, Mirabilis dumetorum (photo)

CANNABACEAE – Hemp Family
Netleaf Hackberry, Celtis reticulata

MORACEAE - -Mulberry Family
Texas Littleleaf Mulberry, Morus microphylla
Common Fig, Ficus carica. *

ULMACEAE – Elm Family
Cedar Elm, Ulmus crassifolia

ROSACEAE – Rose and Fruit Family
* Escarpment Black Cherry, Prunus serotina ssp. eximia ?
Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus

RHAMNACEAE – Buckthorn Family
Carolina Buckthorn, Rhamnus caroliniana

URTICACEAE – Nettle Family
False-nettle, Boehmeria cylindrica
Cucumberweed, Parietaria pensylvanica (P. obtusa)

LYTHRACEAE – Myrtle Family
Plateau/Stream Loosestrife, Lythrum ovalifolium ?

EBENACEAE – Persimmon Family
Texas Persimmon, Diospyros texana (photo)

SAPOTACEAE – Chittamwood Family
Gum Bumelia, Sideroxylon (Bumelia) lanuginosa

POLEMONIACEAE – Phlox Family
* Drummond’s Phlox, Phlox drummondii (photo)

MALVACEAE – Mallow Family
* Creeping Yellow Sida, Sida abutifolia (S. filicaulis)

HYDRANGEACEAE – Saxifrage Family
Texas Mock-Orange, Philadelphus texensis (photo)

LAURACEAE – Laurel Family
Spicebush, Lindera benzoin (photo)

SAPINDACEAE – Maple Family
Mexican Buckeye, Ungnadia speciosa
* Yellow (Red) Buckeye, Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
(fruit) Rocky Mountain Bigtooth Maple, Acer grandidentatum var. grandidentatum

ANACARDIACEAE – Pistachio Family
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Rhus lanceolata
* Poison Ivy, Rhus toxicodendron var. toxicodendron
* Poison Oak, Rhus toxicodendron var. eximia
Skunkbush/Aromatic Sumac, Rhus trilobata var. trilobata (Rhus aromatica var. flabelliformis)
Evergreen Sumac, Rhus virens

GARRYACEAE – Silk-Tassel Family
(fruit) Lindheimer’s/Mexican Silk-tassel, Garrya ovata var. lindheimeri (photo)

MELIACEAE – Chinaberry Family
* Chinaberry, Melia azedarach *

RUTACEAE – Rue Family
* Wafer Ash, Ptelea trifoliolata

APIACEAE – Umbel Family
Wild Carrot sp.

ARALIACEAE -- Aral Family
Water Pennywort, Hydrocotyle verticillata

PLATANACEAE – Windseed Family
Western Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis

FABACEAE – Bean Family
Lindheimer Indigobush, Amorpha lindheimeri (photo)
* Roemer’s Catclaw Acacia, Acacia roemeriana (photo)
* Huisache, Acacia smallii (A.miniata, A. farnesiana) (photo)
Texas Redbud, Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas Kidneywood, Eysenhardtia texana
* Fragrant Pink Mimosa, Mimosa borealis (photo)
Honey Mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa
Texas Mountain-Laurel/Mescalbean, Sophora secundiflora
Eve’s Necklace, Sophora affinis
Lindheimer’s Senna, Senna (Cassia) lindheimeriana (photo)
Twoleaf Senna, Senna (Cassia) roemeriana
* Leavenworth Vetch, Vicia leavenworthii
* Least Bur-Clover, Medicago minima
Brown-flowered Psoralea, Psoralea rhombifolia

BERBERIDACEAE – Barberry Family
Agarita, Berberis trifoliolata

PAPAVERACEAE – Poppy Family
* Yellow/Mexican Prickly Poppy, Argemone mexicana (photo)
White Prickly Poppy, Argemone sp. (A. aurantiaca?)

MENISPERMACEAE – Moonseed Family
Carolina Snailseed, Cocculus carolina

VITACEAE – Grape Family
Mountain Grape, Vitis monticola
Virginia Creeper, Parthenoscissus quinquefolia

RUBIACEAE – Bluet Faimly
Western Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis

APOCYNACEAE – Dogbane Family
* Antelopehorns Milkweed, Asclepias asperula
Milkvine sp., Matelea sp.

OXALIDACEAE – Sorrel Family
* Yellow Woodsorrel/Common Sour-Clover, Oxalis dillenii

LAMIACEAE – Mint Family
* Annual Pennyroyal, Hedeoma acinioides (photo)
* White Pennyroyal sp. (photo)
* Mealy Sage, Salvia farinacea
* Purple Spires Sage, Salvia leucantha**
* Annual Skullcap, Scutellaria drummondii (photo)
Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis **

VERBENACEAE – Vervain Family
* Dakota Vervain, Verbena bipinnatifida (photo)
* Gray Vervain, Verbena canescens

SCROPHULARIACEAE – Monkeyflower Family
(budding) Common/Woolly Mullein, Verbascum thapsus *

OLEACEAE – Olive Family
Netleaf Elbowbush, Forestiera reticulata (photo)

PLANTAGINACEAE – Sage Family
Plantain sp., Plantago sp.

CONVOLVULACEAE – Morning Glory Family
* Purple Bindweed, Ipomoea trichocarpa
* Bindweed sp., Ipomoea sp.

BRASSICACEAE – Mustard Family
Water-Cress, Nasturtium officinale (Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum) *
Redstem Mustard sp. (photo)
* Plateau Bladderpod, Lesquerella recurvata

ASTERACEAE – Sunflower Family
Rooseveltweed/Baccharis, Baccharis neglecta
* Rabbit-Tobacco sp., Evax sp.
Shrubby Boneset/Thoroughwort, Eupatorium havanense
* Lindheimer’s Rock-Daisy, Perityle lindheimeri (photo)
* Pinchusion Daisy, Gaillardia suavis
* Hariy Least-Daisy/Dwarf White Aster, Chaetopappa bellidifolia
* Spreading Least-Daisy, Chaetopappa effusa (photo)
* Plains/Prairie Fleabane, Erigeron modestus (photo)
* Lazy-Daisy sp., Aphanostephus sp.
(fruit) Silverpuff/Nodding Lettuce, Chaptalia texana (C. nutans)
Frostweed/Iceplant, Verbesina virginica
* White Rock-Lettuce, Pinaropappus roseus
Copper Canyon Daisy, Tagetes lemonii **
* Engelmann’s Daisy, Engelmannia pinnatifida
* Texas Thistle, Cirsium texanum
* Slender Bristle-thistle, Carduus tenuiflorus (photo)


Warrior Theatre, Ingram
1 Yellow-headed Black bird

Real County on US83
2 American Kestrel
1 Brown-colored Common Raven

+ Domestic Cattle (Charolais)
+ Domestic Goat (Boer)

Blooming
Purpletop Grass sp.
Texas Bluebonnet
Woolly-white
Pink Showy Evening-Primrose

West Kerr County on TX39
1 Great Blue Heron
22 Turkey Vulture
6 Black Vulture
1 Crested Caracara
4 Mourning Dove
1 White-winged Dove
8 Cave Swallow
2 Common Raven
1 Western Scrub-Jay
1 Eastern Bluebird
1 Lesser Goldfinch
4 Great-tailed Grackle

5 bat sp.
1 Fox Squirrel
2 Dama Gazelle
14 Blackbuck
2 Red Lechwe
8 Nile Lechwe
4 Scimitar-horned Oryx
2 Aoudad
20 Afghan Ural Red Sheep
+ Domestic Cattle (Black Angus, Longhorn, Charolais, Black Baldy, Brindle Range)
+ Domestic Goat (Spanish, Boer)
40 White-tailed Deer
3 Pere David’s Deer
18 Barasingha
14 Fallow Deer
2 dor Feral Hog
+ Domestic Horse (Quarterhorse)
1 Domestic Ass (Burro)

Blooming
Goldeneye Phlox
Drummond’s Phlox
Yellow Flag Iris




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