Sunday, April 29, 2007

ENV: Big Springs Ranch Report, 29 April 2007

Nature Quest field trip to BIG SPRINGS RANCH, north of Leakey, Real County, Texas
29 April 2007

TX: Real County, Big Springs on the Frio River, Big Springs Ranch for Children, 9 miles N of Leakey E off US83 (location bounded by HEB Camp/Laity Lodge and Lost Maples State Natural Area), gate: 29.8437dN 099.6508dW, 1900’ elev., 29 April 2007, 5:15 a.m.- 5:30 a.m., 7: a.m. – 3:30 p.m., 65-75dF, overcast to mostly cloudy, occasional light rain, cool to warm and muggy.

Nature Quest Hill Country Bird Field Trip, led by Tony Gallucci (Ingram) and Bob Benson (Corpus Christi); and a River Region Springs Field Trip, led by Ken Cave (Sabinal); participants: Michael Brewster, Susan Cooper, Bud Davis, Phyllis Doherty, Jane Henry, Bruce Houff, Vicki Houff, David Lane, Linda Payne, Lori Markoff, S. Howard Payne, Barbara Pennington, Mickey Pennington, Marilyn Rhodes, Trudy Williams.

On this trip 30 taxa were either added new to the Ranch list or observed for the first time during the new series of surveys begun in April 2006, and thus confirmed continued presence.

This symbol * before the name indicates flowering this date.

Codes and Classification
* Feral, Introduced, Adventitious, Invasive and/or Exotic, but free-ranging
** Exotic, but captive or cultivated
*** Native, but captive or cultivated
Common Name, Scientific name, Codes

PLANORBIDAE – Ramshorn Snail Family
28 Flat Pondsnail, Gyraulus parvus

PHYSIDAE – Common Pond Snail Family
1 Pond Snail sp., Physa sp.

2 Pillbug sp. undetermined

Order DECAPODA – Crabs, Lobsters and Crayfish
+ Scud Shrimp, Gammarus (also***)

LYCOSIDAE – Wolf Spider Family
1 Rabid Wolf Spider, Rabidosa rabida

CULICIDAE – Mosquito Family
+ Mosquito sp.

VESPIDAE - -True Wasp Family
4 Red Wasp, Polistes carolina
1 Black-butt Red Wasp, cf. Polistes sp.

APIDAE – Bee Family
30 European Honeybee, Apis mellifera

+ Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta *
+ Native Fire Ant, Solenopsis xyloni
+ Black-fuzzy-butt Orange Honeycomb Limestone Ant, cf.
Camponotus sp. (film)

ACRIDIDAE – Horned Grasshopper Family
10 Grasshopper sp.

GRYLLIDAE – Cricket Family
+ Field Cricket sp., Gryllus sp.

OECANTHIDAE – Tree Cricket Family
+ Tree Cricket sp., Oecanthus sp.

COCCIDAE – Softscale Insect Family
+ Cochineal Bug, Dactylopius confusus

NOTONECTIDAE – Backswimmer Family
+ Notonectid sp. Notonecta sp.

CORIXIIDAE – Water Boatman Family
+ Water Boatman sp., Hesperocorixa sp.

GERRIDAE – Water Strider Family
+ Gerrid Strider sp., Gerris sp.

VELIIDAE – Water Skimmer Family
+ Veliid Strider sp., Rhagovelia sp.

MIRIDAE – Plant Bug Family
+ cf. Scarlet Plant Bug sp., cf. Lopidea sp.

1 Yellow-and-Black Flower Beetle on Slender-bristle Thistle

DYTISCIDAE – Predaceous Diving Beetle
8 Dystiscid Beetle, Thermonectes marmoratus (Hope, 1832)
(also ***) (film)

LEPIDOPTERA – Butterflies and Moths
+ Tent Caterpillar sp. on Yellow Buckeye

PYRALIDAE – Pyralid Moth Family
3 Pearly White Pyralid Moth sp.

SPHINGIDAE – Hawkmoth Famile
1 Large Day-flying Sphingid 

HESPERIIDAE – Skipper Family
1 Duskywing sp. (Meridian?)
1 Horace’s Duskywing, Erynnis horatius (Scudder & Burgess)
1 Funereal Duskywing/Tatius (Mournful) Duskywing, Erynnis
funeralis/tristis tatius
4 Eastern Dun Skipper, Euphyes vestris metacomet
2 Nysa Roadside-Skipper, Amblyscirtes nysa W.H. Edwards

PAPILIONIDAE – Swallowtail Family
8 Pipevine Swallowtail, Battus philenor philenor (Linnaeus)

PIERIDAE -- Sulphur Family
8 Sleepy Orange, Abaeis nicippe (Cramer)
10 Dainty Sulphur, Nathalis iole Boisduval
7 Checkered White, Pontia protodice 

LYCAENIDAE – Gossamerwing Family
4 Plains Gray Hairstreak, Strymon melinus franki Field
1 Texas Oak Hairstreak, Fixsenia (Satyrium) ontario
(favonius) autolycus

NYMPHALIDAE – Brushfoot Family
2 Vesta Crescent, Phyciodes graphica vesta (W.H. Edwards)
4 Red Admiral, Vanessa atalanta
1 Arizona Sister, Adelpha eulalia (Doubleday & Hewitson)

1 Large Ephemeropteran Nymph (film)

CHRYSOPIDAE – Lacewing Family
1 Green Lacewing sp.

TRICHOPTERA – Caddisflies
5 Mainspring Caddisfly sp. (film)

COENAGRIONIDAE – Pond Damsel Family
10 Double-striped Bluet, Enallagma basidens Calvert
2 Kiowa Dancer, Argia immunda (Hagen)

ANISOPTERA – Dragonflies
1 Large Anisopteran Nymph (film)

CYPRINIDAE – Minnow Family
1 Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio*
1 Roundnose Minnow, Dionda episcopa

CENTRARCHIDAE – Sunfish Family
3 Redbreast Sunfish, Lepomis auritus

PLETHODONTIDAE – Lungless Salamander Family
2 Neotenic Salamander sp., Eurycea neotenes sp. No. 7c

HYLIDAE – Tree Frog Family
8 Blanchard’s Cricket Frog, Acris crepitans blanchardi

LEPTODACTYILDAE – Foamnest Frog Family
2 Cliff Chirping Frog, Eleutherodactylus/Syrrhopus marnocki

RANIDAE – True Frog Family
1 Rio Grande Leopard Frog, Rana berlandieri (film)

TRIONYCHIDAE – Softshell Turtle Family
1 dead Guadalupe Spiny Softshell, Apalone spinfera

CHRYSEMIDAE – Pond Turtle Family
3 Red-eared Slider, Trachemys scripta elegans

COLUBRIDAE – New World Racer Snakes
1 Red-striped Ribbon Snake, Thamnophis proximus

ARDEIDAE – Heron and Egret Family
3 Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
2 Green Heron, Butorides virescens

CATHARTIDAE – New World Vulture Family
20 Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
2 Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus

FALCONIDAE – Hawk Family
1 Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamiacensis cf. fuertesi
1 Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
1 Accipiter sp.

CALIDRIDAE – Sandpiper Family
6 Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius

COLUMBIDAE – Dove and Pigeon Family
8 Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura

CUCULIDAE – Cuckoo Family
1 Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus americana

CAPRIMULGIDAE – New World Nightjar Family
2 Chuck-Will’s-Widow, Caprimulgus vociferus

TROCHILIDAE – Hummingbird Family
4 Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri

ALCEDINIDAE – Kingfisher Family
2 (apparently feeding young) Green Kingfisher, Chloroceryle
PICIDAE – Woodpecker Family
3 Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Picoides scalaris
1 Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Melanerpes aurifrons

TYRANNIDAE – Tyrant Flycatcher Family
2 (nest) Eastern Phoebe, Sayornis phoebe (film)
2 (probably nesting) Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
2 Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens
1 Acadian Flycatcher, Empidonax virescens
8 Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
2 Great Crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus

VIREONIDAE – Vireo Family
4 White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus
3 Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo flavifrons
3 Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus
2 Blue-headed Vireo, Vireo solitarius

CORVIDAE – Crow and Jay Family
1 Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma coerulescens
2 (at nest with 3 young) Common Raven, Corvus corax

HIRUNDINIDAE – Swallow Family
6 Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
8 Cave Swallow, Petrochildon fulva
20 Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
4 Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx
4 Purple Martin, Progne subis
200 Swallow sp.

PARIDAE – Chickadee Family
2 Carolina Chickadee, Poecile carolinensis
6 Black-crested Titmouse, Baeolophus atricristatus

5 Bewick's Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
3 Canyon Wren, Catherpes mexicanus
5 Carolina Wren, Thryothorus carolinensis

SYLVIIDAE – Old World Warbler Family
4 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea

PARULIDAE – Wood Warbler Family
3 Parula sp., Parula sp.
1 Nashville Warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla
2 Black-and-White Warbler, Mniotilta varia
6 Golden-cheeked Warbler, Dendroica chrysoparia
3 Yellow-throated Warbler, Dendroica dominica
3 Louisiana Waterthrush, Seiurus motacilla

THRAUPIDAE – Tanager Family
8 Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra

EMBERIZIDAE – Bunting and Sparrow Family
3 Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
2 Rufous-crowned Sparrow, Aimophila rufescens
12 Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus

CARDINALIDAE – New World Finch Family
6 Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
1 Blue Grosbeak, Passerina caerulea
1 Painted Bunting, Passerina ciris
1 Indigo Bunting, Passerina cyanea

ICTERIDAE – Blackbird Family
1 Bronzed Cowbird, Molothrus aeneus
1 Scott’s Oriole, Icterus parisorum

FRINGILLIDAE – Cardueline Finch Family
2 House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus
2 Lesser Goldfinch, Carduelis psaltria

CANIDAE – Dog Family
2 Domestic Dog, Canis familiaris [Miniature Schnauzer,
Harrier] **

CERVIDAE – Deer Family
1 dead White-tailed Deer, Odocoileus virginianus texanus
2 Axis Deer, Axis axis *

BOVIDAE – Cattle/Goat Family
8 Afghan Ural/Persian Red Sheep, Ovis ammon gmelini *

CAMELIDAE – Camel Family
2 Llama, Auchenia glama **

EQUIDAE – Horse Family
6 Domestic Horse [Quarterhorse, Mustang, Tobiano, Red
Roan Appaloosa], Equus caballus **
1 Domestic Donkey [Sicilian], Equus asinus **

ERETHIZONTIDAE – New World Porcupine Family
1 Porcupine, Erethizon dorsatum

HOMINIDAE – Human Family
+ Human Beings *

Unknown Placement
+ Bloodworm

TREBOUXIOPHYCEAE – Lichen+Algae Symbiont Family
Orange Crustose Lichen on limestone
Orange Crustose Lichen on Plateau Live Oak
Sea Green Foliose Lichen on Plateau Live Oak
Orange Foliose Lichen on Plateau Live Oak
Orange Foliose Lichen on Huisache
CHLOROPHYCEAE – Green Algae Family
Green Algae sp.

Moss sp.

PTERIDACEAE – Rock Fern Family
Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris (film) (photo)
Standley Cloakfern, Notholaena standleyi

PELLAEACEAE – Cliffbrake Family
Alabama Lipfern, Cheilanthes alabamensis

River Shieldfern, Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri

CUPRESSACEAE – Cypress Family
Ashe Juniper/Mountain Cedar, Juniperus ashei
Bald Cypress, Taxodium distichum (also ***)

POACEAE – Grass Family
Water Bentgrass, Agrostis semiverticillata (Polypogon viridis)
* Bushybeard Bluestem, Andropogon glomeratus
* King Ranch Bluestem, Bothriochloa ischaemum var.
songarica *
* Texas Grama, Bouteloua rigidiseta
* Buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides (photo)
* Coastal Bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon *
* Shining Melic Grass, Melica nitens
Lindheimer Muhly, Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
* Texas Wintergrass/Speargrass, Stipa (Nassella) leucotricha
Domestic Grass sp.

JUNCACEAE – Rush Family
Rush sp., Juncus sp. (J. interior?)

CYPERACEAE – Sedge Family
Texas Sedge, Carex cepa (C. texensis)
Black Sedge, Schoenus nigricans (film) (photo)
Jamiacan Sawgrass, Cladium jamaicense (film) (photo)

LILIACEAE –True Lily Family
(fruit) Spring Rainlily, Cooperia pedunculata (photo)

ALLIACEAE – Garlic Family
* Drummond Wild Garlic, Allium drummondii

AGAVACEAE – Agave/Yucca Family
cf. Hybrid Yucca, Yucca rupicola X Y. cf. constricta
* Twistleaf Yucca, Yucca rupicola
Spanish Dagger, Yucca treculeana
[Candlestick/Torrey Yucca, Yucca cf. torreyi ]
* Manfreda sp., Manfreda sp. (**?) (photo)

RUSCACEAE – Beargrass Family
Texas Sotol, Dasylirion texanum

SMILACACEAE – Briar Family
Greenbriar, Smilax bona-nox

IRIDACEAE – Iris Family
* Blue-eyed Grass sp., Sisyrhinchium sp.

ORCHIDACEAE – Orchid Family
*(139 plants) Giant Helleborine/Chatterbox Orchid, Epipactis
gigantea (film) (photo)

BROMELIACEAE – Pineapple and Airplant Family
Ballmoss, Tillandsia recurvata

SALICACEAE – Poplar, Cottonwood and Willow Family
Lombardy Black Poplar, Populas nigra var. italica

* Lindheimer’s Copperleaf/Three-seeded Mercury, Acalypha
Texas Queen’s-Delight, Stillingia texana
Climbing Noseburn, Tragia brevispica
Common Noseburn, Tragia ramosa

PASSIFLORACEAE – Passionflower Faimly
Yellow Passionflower, Passiflora affinis

LINACEAE – Flax Family
* Rock/Perennial Flax, Linum rupestre (photo)

JUGLANDACEAE – Hickory Family
Pecan, Carya illinoensis (also***)
Arizona Walnut, Juglans major

FAGACEAE – Oak/Beech Family
Texas Oak/Spanish Oak, Quercus buckleyi (Q. texana) ?
Plateau Live Oak, Quercus fusiformis ?
Lacey Oak/Blue Oak, Quercus laceyi (Q. glaucoides)
Plateau Chinkapin Oak, Quercus muhlenbergii var. brayi
Scalybark/Bastard/Shin Oak, Quercus sinuata var. breviloba

CACTACEAE – Cactus Family
Nipple Cactus, Coryphantha sulcata
White Lace Cactus, Echinocereus reichenbachii var.
reichenbachii (also***) (photo)
* Engelmann’s Prickly Pear, Opuntia lindheimeri

NYCTAGINACEAE – Four O’Clock Family
Common Four O’Clock, Mirabilis jalapa **

Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata
Netleaf Hackberry, Celtis reticulata

MORACEAE - -Mulberry Family
Common Fig, Ficus carica. *

ULMACEAE – Elm Family
Cedar Elm, Ulmus crassifolia

ROSACEAE – Rose and Fruit Family
* Escarpment Black Cherry, Prunus serotina ssp. eximia ?
Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus

RHAMNACEAE – Buckthorn Family
Carolina Buckthorn, Rhamnus caroliniana
* Green Squawbush, Condalia viridis

URTICACEAE – Nettle Family
False-nettle, Boehmeria cylindrica
* Cucumberweed, Parietaria pensylvanica (P. obtusa)

LYTHRACEAE – Myrtle Family
Crepe Myrtle, Lagerstroemia indica **
*cf. 1 plant Plateau/Stream Loosestrife, Lythrum ovalifolium

ONAGRACEAE – Primrose Family
* Limestone Gaura, Gaura calcicola
* Scarlet Gaura, Gaura coccinea (photo)

MYRTACEAE – Myrtle Family
* Red Bottlebrush, Callistemon citrinus ** (photo)

EBENACEAE – Persimmon Family
Texas Persimmon, Diospyros texana

SAPOTACEAE – Chittamwood Family
Gum Bumelia, Sideroxylon (Bumelia) lanuginosa

* Drummond’s Phlox, Phlox drummondii

SAMOLACEAE – Brook-Primrose Family
Largeflower Brook-Primrose, Samolus cuneatus

MALVACEAE – Mallow Family
* Creeping Yellow Sida, Sida abutifolia (S. filicaulis) (photo)
Carolina Basswood, Tilia americana var. caroliniana

HYDRANGEACEAE – Saxifrage Family
*(7 plants) Texas Mock-Orange, Philadelphus texensis (film)

LAURACEAE – Laurel Family
Spicebush, Lindera benzoin

SAPINDACEAE – Maple Family
Mexican Buckeye, Ungnadia speciosa
* Yellow (Red) Buckeye, Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
(fruit) Rocky Mountain Bigtooth Maple, Acer grandidentatum
var. grandidentatum

ANACARDIACEAE – Pistachio Family
Poison Ivy, Rhus toxicodendron var. toxicodendron
Poison Oak, Rhus toxicodendron var. eximia

GARRYACEAE – Silk-Tassel Family
Lindheimer’s/Mexican Silk-tassel, Garrya ovata var.

MELIACEAE – Chinaberry Family
* Chinaberry, Melia azedarach *

RUTACEAE – Rue Family
(fruit) Wafer Ash/Hoptree, Ptelea trifoliolata

APIACEAE – Umbel Family
* Texas Parsley, Polytaeina texana (photo)

ARALIACEAE -- Aral Family
Water Pennywort, Hydrocotyle verticillata

PLATANACEAE – Windseed Family
Western Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis

FABACEAE – Bean Family
* Lindheimer’s Indigobush, Amorpha lindheimeri (film)
* Roemer’s Catclaw Acacia, Acacia roemeriana
* Huisache, Acacia smallii (A.miniata, A. farnesiana)
* Fragrant Pink Mimosa, Mimosa borealis (film) (photo)
Honey Mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa
Texas Mountain-Laurel/Mescalbean, Sophora secundiflora
Eve’s Necklace, Sophora affinis
Lindheimer Senna, Senna (Cassia) lindheimeriana
* Leavenworth Vetch, Vicia leavenworthii
Texas Bushclover, Lespedeza texana
* Least Bur-Clover, Medicago minima
Sensitive-Briar sp.
Snout Pea sp.

RANUNCULACEAE – Buttercup Family
* Windflower, Anemone heterophylla

BERBERIDACEAE – Barberry Family
(fruit) Agarita, Berberis trifoliolata

* White Prickly Poppy, Argemone sp. (A. aurantiaca?)

VITACEAE – Grape Family
(fruit) Mountain Grape, Vitis monticola
Virginia Creeper, Parthenoscissus quinquefolia

RUBIACEAE – Bluet Faimly
Western Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis

APOCYNACEAE – Dogbane Family
* Antelopehorns Milkweed, Asclepias asperula

OXALIDACEAE – Sorrel Family
* Yellow Woodsorrel/Common Sour-Clover, Oxalis dillenii

LAMIACEAE – Mint Family
Common Horehound, Marrubium vulgare *
Spearmint, Mentha spicata * (photo)
* Annual Pennyroyal, Hedeoma acinioides
* Mock Pennyroyal/Limoncillo, Hedeoma drummondii
* Mealy Sage, Salvia farinacea (photo)
* Purple Spires Sage, Salvia leucantha **
* Annual/Drummond’s Skullcap, Scutellaria drummondii
Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis **

VERBENACEAE – Vervain Family
* Dakota Vervain, Verbena bipinnatifida
* Gray Vervain, Verbena canescens

SCROPHULARIACEAE – Monkeyflower Family
* Common/Woolly Mullein, Verbascum thapsus *
Green Cloud Sage, Leucophyllum frutescens cult. **

OLEACEAE – Olive Family
* Redbud, Menodora heterophylla (photo)
Netleaf Elbowbush, Forestiera reticulata

* Paleseed Plantain, Plantago virginica

BIGNONIACEAE – Bignonia Family
Desert Willow, Chilopsis linearis **

SOLANACEAE – Nightshade Family
* Silverleaf Horsenettle, Solanum eleagnifolium (photo)

CONVOLVULACEAE – Morning Glory Family
* White Evolvulus, Evolvulus sericeus (photo)
* Pink Bindweed sp., Ipomoea sp. (photo)

BRASSICACEAE – Mustard Family
Water-Cress, Nasturtium officinale (Rorippa nasturtium-
aquaticum) *
* Plateau Bladderpod, Lesquerella recurvata (photo)

Balsam-Gourd/Snake-Apple, Ibervillea lindheimeri

ASTERACEAE – Sunflower Family
Rooseveltweed/Baccharis, Baccharis neglecta
* Rabbit-Tobacco sp., Evax sp.
Shrubby Boneset/Thoroughwort, Eupatorium havanense
* Lindheimer’s Rock-Daisy, Perityle lindheimeri (film)
* Straggler Daisy, Calyptocarpus vialis
* Pinchusion Daisy, Gaillardia suavis
* Hairy Least-Daisy/Dwarf White Aster, Chaetopappa
* Spreading Least-Daisy, Chaetopappa effusa
* Lazy Daisy sp., Aphanostephus sp.
* Plains/Prairie Fleabane, Erigeron modestus
* Hairy Zexmenia, Wedelia (Zexmenia) hispida (photo)
Frostweed/Iceplant, Verbesina virginica
* Greenthread, Thelesperma filifolium (photo)
Mexican Hat, Ratibida columnaris
Copper Canyon Daisy, Tagetes lemonii **
* Parralena, Dyssodia pentachaeta
* Engelmann’s Daisy, Engelmannia pinnatifida
Cocklebur sp., Xanthium sp.
* White Rock-Lettuce, Pinaropappus roseus (photo)
*(fruit) Silverpuff/Nodding Lettuce, Chaptalia texana (C.
* Texas Dandelion, Pyrrhopappus multicaulis
* Sow-Thistle, Sonchus asper
* Bullthistle/Nodding Thistle, Carduus nutans *
* Slender Bristle-thistle, Carduus tenuiflorus (photo)
* Malta/Yellow Star-thistle, Centaruea melitensis *

Unknown Identity & Placement
* Tiny white tube flower on recumbent plant (photo)

W Kerr County on TX39
3 Dainty Sulphur
2 Checkered White
1 Pipevine Swallowtail
3 Variegated Fritillary
12 American Lady

20 Blanchard’s Cricket Frog

8 Domestic Mallard/Pekin
1 Great Crested Flycatcher (Potoato Canyon)
1 Vermilion Flycatcher
1 Eastern Phoebe
2 Eastern Bluebird
1 Northern Mockingbird
1 Bell’s Vireo
1 White-eyed Vireo
1 Black-capped Vireo (K3)
1 Painted Bunting
1 Field Sparrow

1 Lark Sparrow
6 Great-tailed Grackle

1 Raccoon
1 Blackbuck
4 White-tailed Deer
+ Domestic Cattle (Longhorn, Hereford, Black Angus, Black
+Domestic Goat (Spanish, Boer)
+ Domestic Horse (Arab, Tobiano, Quarterhorse, Roughstock)
1 Domestic Ass (Burro)
1 Porcupine

Texas Mulberry

* Purpletop Grass sp.
* Limestone Gaura
* Standing Winecup
* Drummond’s Skullcap (film)
* White Rock Lettuce
* Mealy Sage
* Roughleaf Dogwood
* Commelinantia (photo)
* Pink Showy Evening-Primrose (film)
* Purple Clematis (photo)
* Leavenworth Vetch (film)
* Wild Geranium (photo) (film)
* Prairie Bishop’s Weed, Bifora americana (film) (photo)
* Little Yellow Comp (Hymenoxys?) (Photo) (film)
* Goldeneye Phlox (photo) (film)
* Drummond’s Phlox
* Greenthread
* Texas Bluebonnet
* Englemann’s Daisy

Real County on US83
4 Turkey Vulture
2 Black Vulture
1 Crested Caracara
1 White-winged Dove
3 Common Raven
1 Barn Swallow

8 Axis Deer
8 White-tailed Deer
+ Domestic Cattle (Charolais, Red Angus)
+ Domestic Goat (Boer)

* Showy Pink Evening Primrose
* Calylophus, 2 sp.
* Scarlet Penstemon

Uvalde County, House Pasture CC and US83
1 Chuck-will’s-widow
3 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
6 Purple Martin
1 Indigo Bunting
2 Clay-colored Sparrow
10 House Sparrow

20 Axis Deer
10 White-tailed Deer

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