Saturday, April 28, 2007

ENV: Big Springs Ranch Report, 28 April 2007

Nature Quest field trip to BIG SPRINGS RANCH, north of Leakey, Real County, Texas
28 April 2007

TX: Real County, Big Springs on the Frio River, Big Springs Ranch for Children, 9 miles N of Leakey E off US83 (location bounded by HEB Camp/Laity Lodge and Lost Maples State Natural Area), gate: 29.8437dN 099.6508dW, 1900’ elev., 28 April 2007, 5:20 a.m. – 5:35 a.m., 7:10 a.m. – 12:30 p.m., 63-77dF, mostly cloudy to overcast, cool to warm and muggy.

Nature Quest Hill Country Vegetation Field Trip, led by Tony Gallucci (Ingram) and Susan Sander (Center Point); participants: Judy Beach, Steve Beach, Bobbi Benson, Don Benson, Judy Bloomquist, Marvin Bloomquist, Emily Bone, Elizabeth Bowerman, Julia Crowder, Carol Graves, John Graves, Glenda Janca, Cynthia Johnson, Marshall Johnston, Donna Lehr, Barbara Lowenthal, Carol Miserlian, Mary Helen Quinn, Ron Sprouse, Janie Thomas, Johnny Thomas, Russ Walker, J.D. Wendeborn, Marie Wendeborn, Clyde Zilliox, Steve Zillox. Many thanks to Marshall Johnston for his abundant and gracious field help.

On this trip 71 taxa were either added new to the Ranch list or were observed for the first time during the new series of surveys begun in April 2006, and thus confirmed continued presence.

This symbol * before the name indicates flowering on this date.

Codes and Classification
* Feral, Introduced, Non-native adventitious and invasive and/or
Exotic, but free-ranging
** Exotic, but captive or cultivated
*** Native, but captive or cultivated

* Common Name, Scientific name, Codes

CORBICULIDAE – River Clam Family
1 Asian Clam, Corbicula fluminea *

OSTREIDAE – Oyster Family
1 Oyster sp., Exogyra/Ostrea sp.

TURRITELLIDAE – Turret Shell Family
1 cf. Turritella sp.

SPIROBOLIDA – Millipedes
1 Large Brown Millipede

ARANEAE – Spiders
1 Tiger-striped Spider sp.

LYCOSIDAE – Wolf Spider Family
1 Rabid Wolf Spider, Rabidosa rabida

TETRAGNATHIDAE – Long-jawed Orb Weaver Family
1 Long-jawed Orb-weaver sp.

SYRPHIDAE – Syrphid Fly Family
40 Green Blowfly sp.

VESPIDAE - -True Wasp Family
2 Red Wasp, Polistes carolina

APIDAE – Bee Family
100 European Honeybee, Apis mellifera

FORMICIDAE – Ant Family
+ Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta *
+ Native Fire Ant, Solenopsis xyloni 11

ACRIDIDAE – Grasshopper Family
1 Orange Band-winged Grasshopper sp.

GRYLLIDAE – Cricket Family
+ Field Cricket sp., Gryllus sp.

OECANTHIDAE – Tree Cricket Family
+ Tree Cricket sp., Oecanthus sp.

NOTONECTIDAE – Backswimmer Family
5 Notonectid sp. Notonecta sp.

CORIXIIDAE – Water Boatman Family
6 Water Boatman sp., Hesperocorixa sp.

GERRIDAE – Water Strider Family
+ Gerrid Strider sp., Gerris sp.

VELIIDAE – Water Skimmer Family
+ Veliid Strider sp., Rhagovelia sp.

MIRIDAE – Plant Bug Family
200 cf. Scarlet Plant Bug sp., cf. Lopidea sp.

CARABIDAE – Ground Beetle Family
2 Large Black Ground Beetle sp.

+ Tent Caterpillar sp. on Yellow Buckeye

PYRALIDAE – Pyralid Moth Family
1 Pearly White Pyralid Moth sp.

HESPERIIDAE – Skipper Family
1 Tatius (Mournful)/Funereal Duskywing, Erynnis tristis tatius/funeralis
2 Eastern Dun Skipper, Euphyes vestris metacomet

PAPILIONIDAE – Swallowtail Family
10 Pipevine Swallowtail, Battus philenor philenor (Linnaeus)
1 Two-tailed Swallowtail, Papilio multicaudatus


PIERIDAE -- Sulphur Family
1 Speckled Cloudless Sulphur, Phoebis sennae marcellina (Cramer)
1 Lyside Sulphur, Kricogonia lyside (Godart)
4 Sleepy Orange, Abaeis nicippe (Cramer)
3 Dainty Sulphur, Nathalis iole Boisduval
2 Checkered White, Pontia protodice

NYMPHALIDAE – Brushfoot Family
1 Question Mark, Polygonia interrogationis
1 Variegated Fritillary, Euptoieta claudia (Cramer)
4 Red Admiral, Vanessa atalanta
2 American Lady, Vanessa virginiensis
1 Arizona Sister, Adelpha eulalia (Doubleday & Hewitson)
1 Empress Antonia, Asterocampa celtis antonia

MYRMELEONTIDAE – Antlion Family
1 Antlion sp.

CALOPTERYGIDAE – Jewelwing Family
1 American Rubyspot, Hetaerina americana (Fabricius)

COENAGRIONIDAE – Pond Damsel Family
1 Familiar Bluet, Enallagma civile
6 Kiowa Dancer, Argia immunda (Hagen)

CORDULIDAE – Emerald Family
1 Dot-winged-complex Baskettail, Epitheca cf. petechilais

GOMPHIDAE – Clubtail Family
1 Flag-tailed Spinyleg, Dromogomphus spoliatus

CYPRINIDAE – Minnow Family
2 Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio*
200 Roundnose Minnow, Dionda episcopa

CENTRARCHIDAE – Sunfish Family
2 Redbreast Sunfish, Lepomis auritus
2 Largemouth Bass, Micropterus salmoides

HYLIDAE – Tree Frog Family
6 Blanchard’s Cricket Frog, Acris crepitans blanchardi

LEPTODACTYILDAE – Foamnest Frog Family
1 Cliff Chirping Frog, Eleutherodactylus/Syrrhopus marnocki

RANIDAE – True Frog Family
1 Rio Grande Leopard Frog, Rana berlandieri

TRIONYCHIDAE – Softshell Turtle Family
1 dead Guadalupe Spiny Softshell, Apalone spinfera guadalupensis

ARDEIDAE – Heron and Egret Family
4 Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
2 Green Heron, Butorides virescens

CATHARTIDAE – New World Vulture Family
20 Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
10 Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus

FALCONIDAE – Hawk Family
2 Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamiacensis cf. fuertesi

CALIDRIDAE – Sandpiper Family
1 Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius

COLUMBIDAE – Dove and Pigeon Family
4 Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura

CUCULIDAE – Cuckoo Family
2 Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus americana

CAPRIMULGIDAE – New World Nightjar Family
1 Chuck-Will’s-Widow, Caprimulgus vociferus
1 Poor-Will, Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

APODIDAE – Swift Family
3 Chimney Swift, Chaetura pelagica

TROCHILIDAE – Hummingbird Family
2 Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri

ALCEDINIDAE – Kingfisher Family
2 Green Kingfisher, Chloroceryle americana

PICIDAE – Woodpecker Family
2 Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Picoides scalaris
1 Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Melanerpes aurifrons

TYRANNIDAE – Tyrant Flycatcher Family
3 (nest) Eastern Phoebe, Sayornis phoebe
1 Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
2 Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens
4 Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
1 Great Crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus

VIREONIDAE – Vireo Family
2 White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus
1 Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo flavifrons
2 Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus

CORVIDAE – Crow and Jay Family
3 Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma coerulescens
2 (nest with 3 young) Common Raven, Corvus corax

HIRUNDINIDAE – Swallow Family
20 Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
8 Cave Swallow, Petrochildon fulva
20 Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
4 Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis

PARIDAE – Chickadee Family
2 Carolina Chickadee, Poecile carolinensis
6 Black-crested Titmouse, Baeolophus atricristatus

TROGLODYTIDAE – Wren Family
2 Bewick's Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
3 Canyon Wren, Catherpes mexicanus
4 Carolina Wren, Thryothorus carolinensis

SYLVIIDAE – Old World Warbler Family
4 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea

PARULIDAE – Wood Warbler Family
1 Parula sp., Parula americana/ pitiayumi
2 Nashville Warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla
3 Golden-cheeked Warbler, Dendroica chrysoparia
2 Yellow-throated Warbler, Dendroica dominica
3 Louisiana Waterthrush, Seiurus motacilla

THRAUPIDAE – Tanager Family
4 Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra

EMBERIZIDAE – Bunting and Sparrow Family
2 Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
1 Rufous-crowned Sparrow, Aimophila rufescens
6 Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus

CARDINALIDAE – New World Finch Family
4 Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
1 Blue Grosbeak, Passerina caerulea
2 Painted Bunting, Passerina ciris

ICTERIDAE – Blackbird Family
2 Brown-headed Cowbird, Molothurs ater

FRINGILLIDAE – Cardueline Finch Family
2 House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus

CANIDAE – Dog Family
1 Domestic Dog, Canis familiaris [Harrier] **

CERVIDAE – Deer Family
2 (1 dead) White-tailed Deer, Odocoileus virginianus texanus

BOVIDAE – Cattle/Goat Family
1 Aoudad/Barbary Sheep *
2 Blackbuck, Antilope caervicapra *

CAMELIDAE – Camel Family
2 Llama, Auchenia glama **

EQUIDAE – Horse Family
6 Domestic Horse [Quarterhorse, Mustang, Tobiano, Red Roan
Appaloosa], Equus caballus **

ERETHIZONTIDAE – New World Porcupine Family
1 Porcupine, Erethizon dorsatum

HOMINIDAE – Human Family
+ Human Beings [modern immigrants] (also *)

TREBOUXIOPHYCEAE – Lichen+Algae Symbiont Family
Orange Crustose Lichen on Plateau Live Oak
Orange Foliose Lichen on Huisache

CHLOROPHYCEAE – Green Algae Family
Green Algae sp.

Class BRYOPSIDA
Moss sp.

PTERIDACEAE – Rock Fern Family
Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris

PELLAEACEAE – Cliffbrake Family
ZigZag Cliffbrake, Pellaea ovata 11

THELYPTERIDACEAE – Bracken Ferns
River Shieldfern, Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri

CUPRESSACEAE – Cypress Family
Ashe Juniper/Mountain Cedar, Juniperus ashei
Bald Cypress, Taxodium distichum (also ***)

POACEAE – Grass Family
Water Bentgrass, Agrostis semiverticillata (Polypogon viridis)
* Bushybeard Bluestem, Andropogon glomeratus
* Little Bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium
Three Awn, Aristida purpurea vars.
* King Ranch Bluestem, Bothriochloa ischaemum var. songarica *
* Sideoats Grama, Bouteloua curtipendula
* Buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides
* Coastal Bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon *
English Perennial Rye, Lolium perenne (L. multiflorum)
* Shining Melic Grass, Melica nitens
Seep Muhly/Lindheimer Muhly, Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
* Texas Wintergrass/Speargrass, Stipa (Nassella) leucotricha
Johnson Grass, Sorghum halepense *14

JUNCACEAE – Rush Family
Rush sp., Juncus sp. (J. interior?)

CYPERACEAE – Sedge Family
* Texas Sedge, Carex cepa (C. texensis)
* Black Sedge, Schoenus nigricans
Jamiacan Sawgrass, Cladium jamaicense

ALLIACEAE – Garlic Family
* Drummond Wild Garlic, Allium drummondii

AGAVACEAE – Agave/Yucca Family
* Twistleaf Yucca, Yucca rupicola
Spanish Dagger, Yucca treculeana
[Candlestick/Torrey Yucca, Yucca cf. torreyi ]

RUSCACEAE – Beargrass Family
Texas Sotol, Dasylirion texanum
Devil’s Shoestring/Lindheimer’s Nolina, Nolina lindheimeriana

SMILACACEAE – Briar Family
Greenbriar, Smilax bona-nox

IRIDACEAE – Iris Family
* Blue-eyed Grass sp., Sisyrhinchium sp.

ORCHIDACEAE – Orchid Family
* 95 plants -- Giant Helleborine/Chatterbox Orchid, Epipactis gigantea

BROMELIACEAE – Pineapple and Airplant Family
Ballmoss, Tillandsia recurvata

MUSACEAE – Banana Family
Banana, Musa X paradisiaca **

CANNACEAE – Canna Family
Red Canna, Canna glauca **

POTAMOGETONACEAE – Pondweed Family
Longleaf Pondweed, Potamogeton nodosus

ARISTOLOCHIACEAE – Pipevine Family
* Virginia Pipevine, Aristolochia serpentaria

NYMPHAEACEAE – Cow Lily Family
* Yellow Pond Lily/Cow Lily, Nuphar lutea 

SALICACEAE – Poplar, Cottonwood and Willow Family
Lombardy Black Poplar, Populas nigra var. italica 

VIOLACEAE – Violet Family
Whorled Green-Violet, Hybanthus verticillatus

EUPHORBIACEAE – Spurge Family
* Blackfoot Spurge, Euphorbia (Chamaesyce) angusta
Prostrate Spurge, Euphorbia prostrata
Roemer’s Spurge, Euphorbia roemeri 
Climbing Noseburn, Tragia brevispica
Common Noseburn, Tragia ramosa

PASSIFLORACEAE – Passionflower Faimly
Yellow Passionflower, Passiflora affinis 

LINACEAE – Flax Family
* Rock/Perennial Flax, Linum rupestre
* Stiffstem Flax, Linum rigidum var. berlandieri 

JUGLANDACEAE – Hickory Family
Pecan, Carya illinoensis (also***)
Arizona Walnut, Juglans major
Mexican Walnut/Little Walnut/Nogalito, Juglans microcarpa

FAGACEAE – Oak/Beech Family
Texas Oak/Spanish Oak, Quercus buckleyi (Q. texana)
Plateau Live Oak, Quercus fusiformis
Lacey Oak/Blue Oak, Quercus laceyi (Q. glaucoides)
Plateau Chinkapin Oak, Quercus muhlenbergii var. brayi
Scalybark/Bastard/Shin Oak, Quercus sinuata var. breviloba

CACTACEAE – Cactus Family
Nipple Cactus, Coryphantha sulcata
* Engelmann’s Prickly Pear, Opuntia lindheimeri

NYCTAGINACEAE – Four O’Clock Family
* Rock Four O’Clock, Mirabilis dumetorum

CARYOPHYLLACEAE – Sandwort Family
Bentham Sandwort, Arenaria benthamii

CANNABACEAE – Hemp Family
Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata
Netleaf Hackberry, Celtis reticulata

MORACEAE - -Mulberry Family
Texas Littleleaf Mulberry, Morus microphylla

ULMACEAE – Elm Family
Cedar Elm, Ulmus crassifolia

ROSACEAE – Rose and Fruit Family
* Escarpment Black Cherry, Prunus serotina ssp. eximia
Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus 

RHAMNACEAE – Buckthorn Family
Carolina Buckthorn, Rhamnus caroliniana
* Green Squawbush, Condalia viridis

URTICACEAE – Nettle Family
False-nettle, Boehmeria cylindrica 
Cucumberweed, Parietaria pensylvanica (P. obtusa)

ONAGRACEAE – Primrose Family
* Showy Pink Evening-Primrose, Oenothera speciosa 
* Limestone Gaura, Gaura calcicola 

MYRTACEAE – Myrtle Family
* Red Bottlebrush, Callistemon citrinus **

ERICACEAE – Strawberry Tree Family
Texas Madrone, Arbutus xalapensis

EBENACEAE – Persimmon Family
Texas Persimmon, Diospyros texana

SAPOTACEAE – Chittamwood Family
Gum Bumelia, Sideroxylon (Bumelia) lanuginosa

POLEMONIACEAE – Phlox Family
* Drummond’s Phlox, Phlox drummondii

SAMOLACEAE – Brook-Primrose Family
Largeflower Brook-Primrose, Samolus cuneatus

MALVACEAE – Mallow Family
* Indian Mallow, Abutilon incanum
* Winecup sp., Callirhoe sp.

HYDRANGEACEAE – Saxifrage Family
* 3 plants -- Texas Mock-Orange, Philadelphus texensis 

LAURACEAE – Laurel Family
Spicebush, Lindera benzoin

SAPINDACEAE – Maple Family
Mexican Buckeye, Ungnadia speciosa
* Yellow (Red) Buckeye, Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
Rocky Mountain Bigtooth Maple, Acer grandidentatum var. grandidentatum

ANACARDIACEAE – Pistachio Family
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Rhus lanceolata
Poison Ivy, Rhus toxicodendron var. toxicodendron
* Poison Oak, Rhus toxicodendron var. eximia (photo)
Skunkbush/Aromatic Sumac, Rhus trilobata var. trilobata (R. aromatica
var. flabelliformis)
Evergreen Sumac, Rhus virens

GARRYACEAE – Silk-Tassel Family
Lindheimer’s/Mexican Silk-tassel, Garrya ovata var. lindheimeri

MELIACEAE – Chinaberry Family
* Chinaberry, Melia azedarach *

RUTACEAE – Rue Family
* Wafer Ash/Hoptree, Ptelea trifoliolata 

APIACEAE – Umbel Family
* Texas Parsley, Polytaenia texana (photo)

ARALIACEAE -- Aral Family
Water Pennywort, Hydrocotyle verticillata

PLATANACEAE – Windseed Family
Western Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis

FABACEAE – Bean Family
Lindheimer’s Indigobush, Amorpha lindheimeri
* Roemer’s Catclaw Acacia, Acacia roemeriana
* Huisache, Acacia smallii (A.miniata, A. farnesiana)
Texas Redbud, Cercis canadensis var. texensis
* Fragrant Pink Mimosa, Mimosa borealis
Honey Mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa
* Texas Mountain-Laurel/Mescalbean, Sophora secundiflora
* Eve’s Necklace, Sophora affinis
Lindheimer Senna, Senna (Cassia) lindheimeriana
* Leavenworth Vetch, Vicia leavenworthii
* Least Bur-Clover, Medicago minima
Sensitive-Briar sp. 
Bundleflower sp., Desmanthus sp. 
Snout Pea sp. 

POLYGALACEAE – Milkwort Family
Lindheimer Milkwort, Polygala lindheimeri

RANUNCULACEAE – Buttercup Family
* Windflower, Anemone heterophylla
Scarlet Leatherflower, Clematis texensis

BERBERIDACEAE – Barberry Family
Agarita, Berberis trifoliolata

PAPAVERACEAE – Poppy Family
* White Prickly Poppy, Argemone sp. (A. aurantiaca?)

VITACEAE – Grape Family
* Mountain Grape, Vitis monticola
* Virginia Creeper, Parthenoscissus quinquefolia

RUBIACEAE – Bluet Faimly
Western Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis
* Bluets sp., Hedyotis sp.
Bedstraw sp., Galium sp.

APOCYNACEAE – Dogbane Family
* Pearl Milkvine, Matelea reticulata

OXALIDACEAE – Sorrel Family
* Yellow Woodsorrel/Common Sour-Clover, Oxalis dillenii

LAMIACEAE – Mint Family
Common Horehound, Marrubium vulgare *
* Annual Pennyroyal, Hedeoma acinioides
* White Pennyroyal sp.
* Mock Pennyroyal/Limoncillo, Hedeoma drummondii
* Mealy Sage, Salvia farinacea
Purple Spires Sage, Salvia leucantha
* Annual/Drummond’s Skullcap, Scutellaria drummondii
Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis **
Small-flowered Stachys, Stachys agraria
Chaste-Tree/Mediterranean Beach-Holly, Vitex agnus-castus *(**)

ACANTHACEAE – Wild Petunia Family
Wild Petunia sp., Ruellia sp.

VERBENACEAE – Vervain Family
* Dakota Vervain, Verbena bipinnatifida
* Gray Vervain, Verbena canescens
* Pink Vervain, Verbena pumila (photo)

SCROPHULARIACEAE – Monkeyflower Family
* Wand Butterflybush, Buddleja racemosa
* Common/Woolly Mullein, Verbascum thapsus *
* European Scroph sp. *

OLEACEAE – Olive Family
* Redbud, Menodora heterophylla
Netleaf Elbowbush, Forestiera reticulata

PLANTAGINACEAE – Sage Family
* Paleseed Plantain, Plantago virginica

ACANTHACEAE – Acanthus Faimly
Torrey’s Carlowrightia, Carlowrightia torreyana

CAPRIFOLIACEAE – Honeysuckle Family
White Bush-Honeysuckle, Lonicera albiflora

SOLANACEAE – Nightshade Family
False Nightshade sp., Chamaesaracha sp.
Wild Petunia, Petunia parviflora

HYDROPHYLLACEAE – Bellwort Family
* Blue-Curls, Phacelia congesta

CONVOLVULACEAE – Morning Glory Family
* Pink Bindweed sp., Ipomoea sp.
* White and Rose Bindweed sp., Ipomoea sp.
New Mexico Ponyfoot, Dichondra brachypoda

BRASSICACEAE – Mustard Family
* Water-Cress, Nasturtium officinale (Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum) *
* Plateau Bladderpod, Lesquerella recurvata

CAMPANULACEAE – Bluebell Family
Venus’ Looking-Glass, Triodanis perfoliata




ASTERACEAE – Sunflower Family
Rooseveltweed/Baccharis, Baccharis neglecta
* Rabbit-Tobacco sp., Evax sp.
Shrubby Boneset/Thoroughwort, Eupatorium havanense
* Lindheimer’s Rock-Daisy, Perityle lindheimeri
* Straggler Daisy, Calyptocarpus vialis
* Pinchusion Daisy, Gaillardia suavis
Indian Blanket, Gaillardia pulchella
* Hairy Least-Daisy/Dwarf White Aster, Chaetopappa bellidifolia
* Spreading Least-Daisy, Chaetopappa effusa
* Lazy Daisy sp., Aphanostephus sp
* Plains/Prairie Fleabane, Erigeron modestus 1
Hairy Zexmenia, Wedelia (Zexmenia) hispida
Frostweed/Iceplant, Verbesina virginica
Cowpen Daisy, Verbesina encelioides
* Greenthread, Thelesperma filifolium
Mexican Hat, Ratibida columnaris
* Parralena, Dyssodia pentachaeta
Copper Canyon Daisy, Tagetes lemonii
* Engelmann’s Daisy, Engelmannia pinnatifida
* Woolly-White/Old Plainsman, Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Cocklebur sp., Xanthium sp.
* White Rock-Lettuce, Pinaropappus roseus
* Silverpuff/Nodding Lettuce, Chaptalia texana (C. nutans)
* Texas Dandelion, Pyrrhopappus multicaulis 14
* Sow-Thistle, Sonchus asper
Malta/Yellow Star-thistle, Centaruea melitensis *

TRAVEL TO AND FROM BSRC
28 April 2007 W Kerr County on TX39
1 Checkered White

30 Turkey Vulture
10 Black Vulture
1 Common Raven

1 Raccoon
Domestic Dog (Dalmatian)
2 Fallow Deer
12 Aoudad
2 Red Lechwe
80 White-tailed Deer
8 Barasingha
16 Feral Hog
Domestic Cattle (Longhorn)
Domestic Horse (Quarterhorse)
Burro

Cucurbita foetidissima
Drummond’s Phlox

28 April 2007 Real County on US83
3 Northern Mockingbird
12 Yellow-headed Blackbird

20 White-tailed Deer
1 Axis Deer
Domestic Horse (Quarterhorse)

28 April 2007, Uvalde County, River Road, House Pasture CC
1 Chuck-will’s-widow
2 Black-chinned Hummingbird
1 Eastern Phoebe
2 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
2 Northern Cardinal
2 Clay-colored Sparrow
1 Field Sparrow
1 White-crowned Sparrow
6 House Finch
4 House Sparrow

8 White-tailed Deer

Calylophus sp.
Golden-ball Lead-tree
Red Sage sp.


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