Sunday, April 29, 2007

ENV: Big Springs Ranch Report, 29 April 2007

Nature Quest field trip to BIG SPRINGS RANCH, north of Leakey, Real County, Texas
29 April 2007

TX: Real County, Big Springs on the Frio River, Big Springs Ranch for Children, 9 miles N of Leakey E off US83 (location bounded by HEB Camp/Laity Lodge and Lost Maples State Natural Area), gate: 29.8437dN 099.6508dW, 1900’ elev., 29 April 2007, 5:15 a.m.- 5:30 a.m., 7: a.m. – 3:30 p.m., 65-75dF, overcast to mostly cloudy, occasional light rain, cool to warm and muggy.

Nature Quest Hill Country Bird Field Trip, led by Tony Gallucci (Ingram) and Bob Benson (Corpus Christi); and a River Region Springs Field Trip, led by Ken Cave (Sabinal); participants: Michael Brewster, Susan Cooper, Bud Davis, Phyllis Doherty, Jane Henry, Bruce Houff, Vicki Houff, David Lane, Linda Payne, Lori Markoff, S. Howard Payne, Barbara Pennington, Mickey Pennington, Marilyn Rhodes, Trudy Williams.

On this trip 30 taxa were either added new to the Ranch list or observed for the first time during the new series of surveys begun in April 2006, and thus confirmed continued presence.

This symbol * before the name indicates flowering this date.

Codes and Classification
* Feral, Introduced, Adventitious, Invasive and/or Exotic, but free-ranging
** Exotic, but captive or cultivated
*** Native, but captive or cultivated
Common Name, Scientific name, Codes

PLANORBIDAE – Ramshorn Snail Family
28 Flat Pondsnail, Gyraulus parvus

PHYSIDAE – Common Pond Snail Family
1 Pond Snail sp., Physa sp.

ARMADILLIDIIDAE – Pillbug Family
2 Pillbug sp. undetermined

Order DECAPODA – Crabs, Lobsters and Crayfish
+ Scud Shrimp, Gammarus (also***)

LYCOSIDAE – Wolf Spider Family
1 Rabid Wolf Spider, Rabidosa rabida

CULICIDAE – Mosquito Family
+ Mosquito sp.

VESPIDAE - -True Wasp Family
4 Red Wasp, Polistes carolina
1 Black-butt Red Wasp, cf. Polistes sp.

APIDAE – Bee Family
30 European Honeybee, Apis mellifera

FORMICIDAE – Ant Family
+ Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta *
+ Native Fire Ant, Solenopsis xyloni
+ Black-fuzzy-butt Orange Honeycomb Limestone Ant, cf.
Camponotus sp. (film)

ACRIDIDAE – Horned Grasshopper Family
10 Grasshopper sp.

GRYLLIDAE – Cricket Family
+ Field Cricket sp., Gryllus sp.

OECANTHIDAE – Tree Cricket Family
+ Tree Cricket sp., Oecanthus sp.

COCCIDAE – Softscale Insect Family
+ Cochineal Bug, Dactylopius confusus

NOTONECTIDAE – Backswimmer Family
+ Notonectid sp. Notonecta sp.

CORIXIIDAE – Water Boatman Family
+ Water Boatman sp., Hesperocorixa sp.

GERRIDAE – Water Strider Family
+ Gerrid Strider sp., Gerris sp.

VELIIDAE – Water Skimmer Family
+ Veliid Strider sp., Rhagovelia sp.

MIRIDAE – Plant Bug Family
+ cf. Scarlet Plant Bug sp., cf. Lopidea sp.

COLEOPTERA – Beetles
1 Yellow-and-Black Flower Beetle on Slender-bristle Thistle
(photo)

DYTISCIDAE – Predaceous Diving Beetle
8 Dystiscid Beetle, Thermonectes marmoratus (Hope, 1832)
(also ***) (film)

LEPIDOPTERA – Butterflies and Moths
+ Tent Caterpillar sp. on Yellow Buckeye

PYRALIDAE – Pyralid Moth Family
3 Pearly White Pyralid Moth sp.

SPHINGIDAE – Hawkmoth Famile
1 Large Day-flying Sphingid 

HESPERIIDAE – Skipper Family
1 Duskywing sp. (Meridian?)
1 Horace’s Duskywing, Erynnis horatius (Scudder & Burgess)
1 Funereal Duskywing/Tatius (Mournful) Duskywing, Erynnis
funeralis/tristis tatius
4 Eastern Dun Skipper, Euphyes vestris metacomet
2 Nysa Roadside-Skipper, Amblyscirtes nysa W.H. Edwards

PAPILIONIDAE – Swallowtail Family
8 Pipevine Swallowtail, Battus philenor philenor (Linnaeus)

PIERIDAE -- Sulphur Family
8 Sleepy Orange, Abaeis nicippe (Cramer)
10 Dainty Sulphur, Nathalis iole Boisduval
7 Checkered White, Pontia protodice 

LYCAENIDAE – Gossamerwing Family
4 Plains Gray Hairstreak, Strymon melinus franki Field
1 Texas Oak Hairstreak, Fixsenia (Satyrium) ontario
(favonius) autolycus

NYMPHALIDAE – Brushfoot Family
2 Vesta Crescent, Phyciodes graphica vesta (W.H. Edwards)
4 Red Admiral, Vanessa atalanta
1 Arizona Sister, Adelpha eulalia (Doubleday & Hewitson)

EPHEMEROPTERA – Mayflies
1 Large Ephemeropteran Nymph (film)

CHRYSOPIDAE – Lacewing Family
1 Green Lacewing sp.

TRICHOPTERA – Caddisflies
5 Mainspring Caddisfly sp. (film)

COENAGRIONIDAE – Pond Damsel Family
10 Double-striped Bluet, Enallagma basidens Calvert
2 Kiowa Dancer, Argia immunda (Hagen)

ANISOPTERA – Dragonflies
1 Large Anisopteran Nymph (film)

CYPRINIDAE – Minnow Family
1 Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio*
1 Roundnose Minnow, Dionda episcopa

CENTRARCHIDAE – Sunfish Family
3 Redbreast Sunfish, Lepomis auritus


PLETHODONTIDAE – Lungless Salamander Family
2 Neotenic Salamander sp., Eurycea neotenes sp. No. 7c

HYLIDAE – Tree Frog Family
8 Blanchard’s Cricket Frog, Acris crepitans blanchardi

LEPTODACTYILDAE – Foamnest Frog Family
2 Cliff Chirping Frog, Eleutherodactylus/Syrrhopus marnocki

RANIDAE – True Frog Family
1 Rio Grande Leopard Frog, Rana berlandieri (film)

TRIONYCHIDAE – Softshell Turtle Family
1 dead Guadalupe Spiny Softshell, Apalone spinfera
guadalupensis

CHRYSEMIDAE – Pond Turtle Family
3 Red-eared Slider, Trachemys scripta elegans

COLUBRIDAE – New World Racer Snakes
1 Red-striped Ribbon Snake, Thamnophis proximus
rubrilineatus

ARDEIDAE – Heron and Egret Family
3 Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
2 Green Heron, Butorides virescens

CATHARTIDAE – New World Vulture Family
20 Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
2 Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus

FALCONIDAE – Hawk Family
1 Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamiacensis cf. fuertesi
1 Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
1 Accipiter sp.

CALIDRIDAE – Sandpiper Family
6 Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius

COLUMBIDAE – Dove and Pigeon Family
8 Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura

CUCULIDAE – Cuckoo Family
1 Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus americana

CAPRIMULGIDAE – New World Nightjar Family
2 Chuck-Will’s-Widow, Caprimulgus vociferus

TROCHILIDAE – Hummingbird Family
4 Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri

ALCEDINIDAE – Kingfisher Family
2 (apparently feeding young) Green Kingfisher, Chloroceryle
americana
PICIDAE – Woodpecker Family
3 Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Picoides scalaris
1 Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Melanerpes aurifrons

TYRANNIDAE – Tyrant Flycatcher Family
2 (nest) Eastern Phoebe, Sayornis phoebe (film)
2 (probably nesting) Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
2 Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens
1 Acadian Flycatcher, Empidonax virescens
8 Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
2 Great Crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus

VIREONIDAE – Vireo Family
4 White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus
3 Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo flavifrons
3 Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus
2 Blue-headed Vireo, Vireo solitarius

CORVIDAE – Crow and Jay Family
1 Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma coerulescens
2 (at nest with 3 young) Common Raven, Corvus corax

HIRUNDINIDAE – Swallow Family
6 Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
8 Cave Swallow, Petrochildon fulva
20 Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
4 Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx
serripennis
4 Purple Martin, Progne subis
200 Swallow sp.

PARIDAE – Chickadee Family
2 Carolina Chickadee, Poecile carolinensis
6 Black-crested Titmouse, Baeolophus atricristatus

TROGLODYTIDAE – Wren Family
5 Bewick's Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
3 Canyon Wren, Catherpes mexicanus
5 Carolina Wren, Thryothorus carolinensis

SYLVIIDAE – Old World Warbler Family
4 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea

PARULIDAE – Wood Warbler Family
3 Parula sp., Parula sp.
1 Nashville Warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla
2 Black-and-White Warbler, Mniotilta varia
6 Golden-cheeked Warbler, Dendroica chrysoparia
3 Yellow-throated Warbler, Dendroica dominica
3 Louisiana Waterthrush, Seiurus motacilla

THRAUPIDAE – Tanager Family
8 Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra

EMBERIZIDAE – Bunting and Sparrow Family
3 Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
2 Rufous-crowned Sparrow, Aimophila rufescens
12 Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus

CARDINALIDAE – New World Finch Family
6 Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
1 Blue Grosbeak, Passerina caerulea
1 Painted Bunting, Passerina ciris
1 Indigo Bunting, Passerina cyanea

ICTERIDAE – Blackbird Family
1 Bronzed Cowbird, Molothrus aeneus
1 Scott’s Oriole, Icterus parisorum

FRINGILLIDAE – Cardueline Finch Family
2 House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus
2 Lesser Goldfinch, Carduelis psaltria

CANIDAE – Dog Family
2 Domestic Dog, Canis familiaris [Miniature Schnauzer,
Harrier] **

CERVIDAE – Deer Family
1 dead White-tailed Deer, Odocoileus virginianus texanus
2 Axis Deer, Axis axis *

BOVIDAE – Cattle/Goat Family
8 Afghan Ural/Persian Red Sheep, Ovis ammon gmelini *

CAMELIDAE – Camel Family
2 Llama, Auchenia glama **

EQUIDAE – Horse Family
6 Domestic Horse [Quarterhorse, Mustang, Tobiano, Red
Roan Appaloosa], Equus caballus **
1 Domestic Donkey [Sicilian], Equus asinus **

ERETHIZONTIDAE – New World Porcupine Family
1 Porcupine, Erethizon dorsatum

HOMINIDAE – Human Family
+ Human Beings *

Unknown Placement
+ Bloodworm

TREBOUXIOPHYCEAE – Lichen+Algae Symbiont Family
Orange Crustose Lichen on limestone
Orange Crustose Lichen on Plateau Live Oak
Sea Green Foliose Lichen on Plateau Live Oak
Orange Foliose Lichen on Plateau Live Oak
Orange Foliose Lichen on Huisache
CHLOROPHYCEAE – Green Algae Family
Green Algae sp.

Class BRYOPSIDA
Moss sp.

PTERIDACEAE – Rock Fern Family
Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris (film) (photo)
Standley Cloakfern, Notholaena standleyi

PELLAEACEAE – Cliffbrake Family
Alabama Lipfern, Cheilanthes alabamensis

THELYPTERIDACEAE – Bracken Ferns
River Shieldfern, Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri

CUPRESSACEAE – Cypress Family
Ashe Juniper/Mountain Cedar, Juniperus ashei
Bald Cypress, Taxodium distichum (also ***)

POACEAE – Grass Family
Water Bentgrass, Agrostis semiverticillata (Polypogon viridis)
* Bushybeard Bluestem, Andropogon glomeratus
* King Ranch Bluestem, Bothriochloa ischaemum var.
songarica *
* Texas Grama, Bouteloua rigidiseta
* Buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides (photo)
* Coastal Bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon *
* Shining Melic Grass, Melica nitens
Lindheimer Muhly, Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
* Texas Wintergrass/Speargrass, Stipa (Nassella) leucotricha
Domestic Grass sp.

JUNCACEAE – Rush Family
Rush sp., Juncus sp. (J. interior?)

CYPERACEAE – Sedge Family
Texas Sedge, Carex cepa (C. texensis)
Black Sedge, Schoenus nigricans (film) (photo)
Jamiacan Sawgrass, Cladium jamaicense (film) (photo)

LILIACEAE –True Lily Family
(fruit) Spring Rainlily, Cooperia pedunculata (photo)

ALLIACEAE – Garlic Family
* Drummond Wild Garlic, Allium drummondii

AGAVACEAE – Agave/Yucca Family
cf. Hybrid Yucca, Yucca rupicola X Y. cf. constricta
* Twistleaf Yucca, Yucca rupicola
Spanish Dagger, Yucca treculeana
[Candlestick/Torrey Yucca, Yucca cf. torreyi ]
* Manfreda sp., Manfreda sp. (**?) (photo)

RUSCACEAE – Beargrass Family
Texas Sotol, Dasylirion texanum

SMILACACEAE – Briar Family
Greenbriar, Smilax bona-nox

IRIDACEAE – Iris Family
* Blue-eyed Grass sp., Sisyrhinchium sp.

ORCHIDACEAE – Orchid Family
*(139 plants) Giant Helleborine/Chatterbox Orchid, Epipactis
gigantea (film) (photo)

BROMELIACEAE – Pineapple and Airplant Family
Ballmoss, Tillandsia recurvata

SALICACEAE – Poplar, Cottonwood and Willow Family
Lombardy Black Poplar, Populas nigra var. italica

EUPHORBIACEAE – Spurge Family
* Lindheimer’s Copperleaf/Three-seeded Mercury, Acalypha
lindheimeri
Texas Queen’s-Delight, Stillingia texana
Climbing Noseburn, Tragia brevispica
Common Noseburn, Tragia ramosa

PASSIFLORACEAE – Passionflower Faimly
Yellow Passionflower, Passiflora affinis

LINACEAE – Flax Family
* Rock/Perennial Flax, Linum rupestre (photo)

JUGLANDACEAE – Hickory Family
Pecan, Carya illinoensis (also***)
Arizona Walnut, Juglans major

FAGACEAE – Oak/Beech Family
Texas Oak/Spanish Oak, Quercus buckleyi (Q. texana) ?
Plateau Live Oak, Quercus fusiformis ?
Lacey Oak/Blue Oak, Quercus laceyi (Q. glaucoides)
Plateau Chinkapin Oak, Quercus muhlenbergii var. brayi
Scalybark/Bastard/Shin Oak, Quercus sinuata var. breviloba

CACTACEAE – Cactus Family
Nipple Cactus, Coryphantha sulcata
White Lace Cactus, Echinocereus reichenbachii var.
reichenbachii (also***) (photo)
* Engelmann’s Prickly Pear, Opuntia lindheimeri

NYCTAGINACEAE – Four O’Clock Family
Common Four O’Clock, Mirabilis jalapa **



CANNABACEAE – Hemp Family
Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata
Netleaf Hackberry, Celtis reticulata

MORACEAE - -Mulberry Family
Common Fig, Ficus carica. *

ULMACEAE – Elm Family
Cedar Elm, Ulmus crassifolia

ROSACEAE – Rose and Fruit Family
* Escarpment Black Cherry, Prunus serotina ssp. eximia ?
Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus

RHAMNACEAE – Buckthorn Family
Carolina Buckthorn, Rhamnus caroliniana
* Green Squawbush, Condalia viridis

URTICACEAE – Nettle Family
False-nettle, Boehmeria cylindrica
* Cucumberweed, Parietaria pensylvanica (P. obtusa)

LYTHRACEAE – Myrtle Family
Crepe Myrtle, Lagerstroemia indica **
*cf. 1 plant Plateau/Stream Loosestrife, Lythrum ovalifolium
(photo?)

ONAGRACEAE – Primrose Family
* Limestone Gaura, Gaura calcicola
* Scarlet Gaura, Gaura coccinea (photo)

MYRTACEAE – Myrtle Family
* Red Bottlebrush, Callistemon citrinus ** (photo)

EBENACEAE – Persimmon Family
Texas Persimmon, Diospyros texana

SAPOTACEAE – Chittamwood Family
Gum Bumelia, Sideroxylon (Bumelia) lanuginosa

POLEMONIACEAE – Phlox Family
* Drummond’s Phlox, Phlox drummondii

SAMOLACEAE – Brook-Primrose Family
Largeflower Brook-Primrose, Samolus cuneatus

MALVACEAE – Mallow Family
* Creeping Yellow Sida, Sida abutifolia (S. filicaulis) (photo)
Carolina Basswood, Tilia americana var. caroliniana

HYDRANGEACEAE – Saxifrage Family
*(7 plants) Texas Mock-Orange, Philadelphus texensis (film)
(photo)

LAURACEAE – Laurel Family
Spicebush, Lindera benzoin

SAPINDACEAE – Maple Family
Mexican Buckeye, Ungnadia speciosa
* Yellow (Red) Buckeye, Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
(fruit) Rocky Mountain Bigtooth Maple, Acer grandidentatum
var. grandidentatum

ANACARDIACEAE – Pistachio Family
Poison Ivy, Rhus toxicodendron var. toxicodendron
Poison Oak, Rhus toxicodendron var. eximia

GARRYACEAE – Silk-Tassel Family
Lindheimer’s/Mexican Silk-tassel, Garrya ovata var.
lindheimeri

MELIACEAE – Chinaberry Family
* Chinaberry, Melia azedarach *

RUTACEAE – Rue Family
(fruit) Wafer Ash/Hoptree, Ptelea trifoliolata

APIACEAE – Umbel Family
* Texas Parsley, Polytaeina texana (photo)

ARALIACEAE -- Aral Family
Water Pennywort, Hydrocotyle verticillata

PLATANACEAE – Windseed Family
Western Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis

FABACEAE – Bean Family
* Lindheimer’s Indigobush, Amorpha lindheimeri (film)
(photo)
* Roemer’s Catclaw Acacia, Acacia roemeriana
* Huisache, Acacia smallii (A.miniata, A. farnesiana)
* Fragrant Pink Mimosa, Mimosa borealis (film) (photo)
Honey Mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa
Texas Mountain-Laurel/Mescalbean, Sophora secundiflora
Eve’s Necklace, Sophora affinis
Lindheimer Senna, Senna (Cassia) lindheimeriana
* Leavenworth Vetch, Vicia leavenworthii
Texas Bushclover, Lespedeza texana
* Least Bur-Clover, Medicago minima
Sensitive-Briar sp.
Snout Pea sp.

RANUNCULACEAE – Buttercup Family
* Windflower, Anemone heterophylla

BERBERIDACEAE – Barberry Family
(fruit) Agarita, Berberis trifoliolata

PAPAVERACEAE – Poppy Family
* White Prickly Poppy, Argemone sp. (A. aurantiaca?)

VITACEAE – Grape Family
(fruit) Mountain Grape, Vitis monticola
Virginia Creeper, Parthenoscissus quinquefolia

RUBIACEAE – Bluet Faimly
Western Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis

APOCYNACEAE – Dogbane Family
* Antelopehorns Milkweed, Asclepias asperula

OXALIDACEAE – Sorrel Family
* Yellow Woodsorrel/Common Sour-Clover, Oxalis dillenii
(photo)

LAMIACEAE – Mint Family
Common Horehound, Marrubium vulgare *
Spearmint, Mentha spicata * (photo)
* Annual Pennyroyal, Hedeoma acinioides
* Mock Pennyroyal/Limoncillo, Hedeoma drummondii
* Mealy Sage, Salvia farinacea (photo)
* Purple Spires Sage, Salvia leucantha **
* Annual/Drummond’s Skullcap, Scutellaria drummondii
Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis **

VERBENACEAE – Vervain Family
* Dakota Vervain, Verbena bipinnatifida
* Gray Vervain, Verbena canescens

SCROPHULARIACEAE – Monkeyflower Family
* Common/Woolly Mullein, Verbascum thapsus *
Green Cloud Sage, Leucophyllum frutescens cult. **

OLEACEAE – Olive Family
* Redbud, Menodora heterophylla (photo)
Netleaf Elbowbush, Forestiera reticulata

PLANTAGINACEAE – Sage Family
* Paleseed Plantain, Plantago virginica

BIGNONIACEAE – Bignonia Family
Desert Willow, Chilopsis linearis **

SOLANACEAE – Nightshade Family
* Silverleaf Horsenettle, Solanum eleagnifolium (photo)

CONVOLVULACEAE – Morning Glory Family
* White Evolvulus, Evolvulus sericeus (photo)
* Pink Bindweed sp., Ipomoea sp. (photo)



BRASSICACEAE – Mustard Family
Water-Cress, Nasturtium officinale (Rorippa nasturtium-
aquaticum) *
* Plateau Bladderpod, Lesquerella recurvata (photo)

CUCURBITACEAE – Gourd Family
Balsam-Gourd/Snake-Apple, Ibervillea lindheimeri

ASTERACEAE – Sunflower Family
Rooseveltweed/Baccharis, Baccharis neglecta
* Rabbit-Tobacco sp., Evax sp.
Shrubby Boneset/Thoroughwort, Eupatorium havanense
* Lindheimer’s Rock-Daisy, Perityle lindheimeri (film)
(photo)
* Straggler Daisy, Calyptocarpus vialis
* Pinchusion Daisy, Gaillardia suavis
* Hairy Least-Daisy/Dwarf White Aster, Chaetopappa
bellidifolia
* Spreading Least-Daisy, Chaetopappa effusa
* Lazy Daisy sp., Aphanostephus sp.
* Plains/Prairie Fleabane, Erigeron modestus
* Hairy Zexmenia, Wedelia (Zexmenia) hispida (photo)
Frostweed/Iceplant, Verbesina virginica
* Greenthread, Thelesperma filifolium (photo)
Mexican Hat, Ratibida columnaris
Copper Canyon Daisy, Tagetes lemonii **
* Parralena, Dyssodia pentachaeta
* Engelmann’s Daisy, Engelmannia pinnatifida
Cocklebur sp., Xanthium sp.
* White Rock-Lettuce, Pinaropappus roseus (photo)
*(fruit) Silverpuff/Nodding Lettuce, Chaptalia texana (C.
nutans)
* Texas Dandelion, Pyrrhopappus multicaulis
* Sow-Thistle, Sonchus asper
* Bullthistle/Nodding Thistle, Carduus nutans *
* Slender Bristle-thistle, Carduus tenuiflorus (photo)
* Malta/Yellow Star-thistle, Centaruea melitensis *

Unknown Identity & Placement
* Tiny white tube flower on recumbent plant (photo)


TRAVEL TO AND FROM CONCAN AND BSRC
W Kerr County on TX39
3 Dainty Sulphur
2 Checkered White
1 Pipevine Swallowtail
3 Variegated Fritillary
12 American Lady

20 Blanchard’s Cricket Frog

8 Domestic Mallard/Pekin
1 Great Crested Flycatcher (Potoato Canyon)
1 Vermilion Flycatcher
1 Eastern Phoebe
2 Eastern Bluebird
1 Northern Mockingbird
1 Bell’s Vireo
1 White-eyed Vireo
1 Black-capped Vireo (K3)
1 Painted Bunting
1 Field Sparrow

1 Lark Sparrow
6 Great-tailed Grackle

1 Raccoon
1 Blackbuck
4 White-tailed Deer
+ Domestic Cattle (Longhorn, Hereford, Black Angus, Black
Baldy)
+Domestic Goat (Spanish, Boer)
+ Domestic Horse (Arab, Tobiano, Quarterhorse, Roughstock)
1 Domestic Ass (Burro)
1 Porcupine

Texas Mulberry

* Purpletop Grass sp.
* Limestone Gaura
* Standing Winecup
* Drummond’s Skullcap (film)
* White Rock Lettuce
* Mealy Sage
* Roughleaf Dogwood
* Commelinantia (photo)
* Pink Showy Evening-Primrose (film)
* Purple Clematis (photo)
* Leavenworth Vetch (film)
* Wild Geranium (photo) (film)
* Prairie Bishop’s Weed, Bifora americana (film) (photo)
* Little Yellow Comp (Hymenoxys?) (Photo) (film)
* Goldeneye Phlox (photo) (film)
* Drummond’s Phlox
* Greenthread
* Texas Bluebonnet
* Englemann’s Daisy

Real County on US83
4 Turkey Vulture
2 Black Vulture
1 Crested Caracara
1 White-winged Dove
3 Common Raven
1 Barn Swallow

8 Axis Deer
8 White-tailed Deer
+ Domestic Cattle (Charolais, Red Angus)
+ Domestic Goat (Boer)

* Showy Pink Evening Primrose
* Calylophus, 2 sp.
* Scarlet Penstemon

Uvalde County, House Pasture CC and US83
1 Chuck-will’s-widow
3 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
6 Purple Martin
1 Indigo Bunting
2 Clay-colored Sparrow
10 House Sparrow

20 Axis Deer
10 White-tailed Deer



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Saturday, April 28, 2007

ENV: Big Springs Ranch Report, 28 April 2007

Nature Quest field trip to BIG SPRINGS RANCH, north of Leakey, Real County, Texas
28 April 2007

TX: Real County, Big Springs on the Frio River, Big Springs Ranch for Children, 9 miles N of Leakey E off US83 (location bounded by HEB Camp/Laity Lodge and Lost Maples State Natural Area), gate: 29.8437dN 099.6508dW, 1900’ elev., 28 April 2007, 5:20 a.m. – 5:35 a.m., 7:10 a.m. – 12:30 p.m., 63-77dF, mostly cloudy to overcast, cool to warm and muggy.

Nature Quest Hill Country Vegetation Field Trip, led by Tony Gallucci (Ingram) and Susan Sander (Center Point); participants: Judy Beach, Steve Beach, Bobbi Benson, Don Benson, Judy Bloomquist, Marvin Bloomquist, Emily Bone, Elizabeth Bowerman, Julia Crowder, Carol Graves, John Graves, Glenda Janca, Cynthia Johnson, Marshall Johnston, Donna Lehr, Barbara Lowenthal, Carol Miserlian, Mary Helen Quinn, Ron Sprouse, Janie Thomas, Johnny Thomas, Russ Walker, J.D. Wendeborn, Marie Wendeborn, Clyde Zilliox, Steve Zillox. Many thanks to Marshall Johnston for his abundant and gracious field help.

On this trip 71 taxa were either added new to the Ranch list or were observed for the first time during the new series of surveys begun in April 2006, and thus confirmed continued presence.

This symbol * before the name indicates flowering on this date.

Codes and Classification
* Feral, Introduced, Non-native adventitious and invasive and/or
Exotic, but free-ranging
** Exotic, but captive or cultivated
*** Native, but captive or cultivated

* Common Name, Scientific name, Codes

CORBICULIDAE – River Clam Family
1 Asian Clam, Corbicula fluminea *

OSTREIDAE – Oyster Family
1 Oyster sp., Exogyra/Ostrea sp.

TURRITELLIDAE – Turret Shell Family
1 cf. Turritella sp.

SPIROBOLIDA – Millipedes
1 Large Brown Millipede

ARANEAE – Spiders
1 Tiger-striped Spider sp.

LYCOSIDAE – Wolf Spider Family
1 Rabid Wolf Spider, Rabidosa rabida

TETRAGNATHIDAE – Long-jawed Orb Weaver Family
1 Long-jawed Orb-weaver sp.

SYRPHIDAE – Syrphid Fly Family
40 Green Blowfly sp.

VESPIDAE - -True Wasp Family
2 Red Wasp, Polistes carolina

APIDAE – Bee Family
100 European Honeybee, Apis mellifera

FORMICIDAE – Ant Family
+ Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta *
+ Native Fire Ant, Solenopsis xyloni 11

ACRIDIDAE – Grasshopper Family
1 Orange Band-winged Grasshopper sp.

GRYLLIDAE – Cricket Family
+ Field Cricket sp., Gryllus sp.

OECANTHIDAE – Tree Cricket Family
+ Tree Cricket sp., Oecanthus sp.

NOTONECTIDAE – Backswimmer Family
5 Notonectid sp. Notonecta sp.

CORIXIIDAE – Water Boatman Family
6 Water Boatman sp., Hesperocorixa sp.

GERRIDAE – Water Strider Family
+ Gerrid Strider sp., Gerris sp.

VELIIDAE – Water Skimmer Family
+ Veliid Strider sp., Rhagovelia sp.

MIRIDAE – Plant Bug Family
200 cf. Scarlet Plant Bug sp., cf. Lopidea sp.

CARABIDAE – Ground Beetle Family
2 Large Black Ground Beetle sp.

+ Tent Caterpillar sp. on Yellow Buckeye

PYRALIDAE – Pyralid Moth Family
1 Pearly White Pyralid Moth sp.

HESPERIIDAE – Skipper Family
1 Tatius (Mournful)/Funereal Duskywing, Erynnis tristis tatius/funeralis
2 Eastern Dun Skipper, Euphyes vestris metacomet

PAPILIONIDAE – Swallowtail Family
10 Pipevine Swallowtail, Battus philenor philenor (Linnaeus)
1 Two-tailed Swallowtail, Papilio multicaudatus


PIERIDAE -- Sulphur Family
1 Speckled Cloudless Sulphur, Phoebis sennae marcellina (Cramer)
1 Lyside Sulphur, Kricogonia lyside (Godart)
4 Sleepy Orange, Abaeis nicippe (Cramer)
3 Dainty Sulphur, Nathalis iole Boisduval
2 Checkered White, Pontia protodice

NYMPHALIDAE – Brushfoot Family
1 Question Mark, Polygonia interrogationis
1 Variegated Fritillary, Euptoieta claudia (Cramer)
4 Red Admiral, Vanessa atalanta
2 American Lady, Vanessa virginiensis
1 Arizona Sister, Adelpha eulalia (Doubleday & Hewitson)
1 Empress Antonia, Asterocampa celtis antonia

MYRMELEONTIDAE – Antlion Family
1 Antlion sp.

CALOPTERYGIDAE – Jewelwing Family
1 American Rubyspot, Hetaerina americana (Fabricius)

COENAGRIONIDAE – Pond Damsel Family
1 Familiar Bluet, Enallagma civile
6 Kiowa Dancer, Argia immunda (Hagen)

CORDULIDAE – Emerald Family
1 Dot-winged-complex Baskettail, Epitheca cf. petechilais

GOMPHIDAE – Clubtail Family
1 Flag-tailed Spinyleg, Dromogomphus spoliatus

CYPRINIDAE – Minnow Family
2 Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio*
200 Roundnose Minnow, Dionda episcopa

CENTRARCHIDAE – Sunfish Family
2 Redbreast Sunfish, Lepomis auritus
2 Largemouth Bass, Micropterus salmoides

HYLIDAE – Tree Frog Family
6 Blanchard’s Cricket Frog, Acris crepitans blanchardi

LEPTODACTYILDAE – Foamnest Frog Family
1 Cliff Chirping Frog, Eleutherodactylus/Syrrhopus marnocki

RANIDAE – True Frog Family
1 Rio Grande Leopard Frog, Rana berlandieri

TRIONYCHIDAE – Softshell Turtle Family
1 dead Guadalupe Spiny Softshell, Apalone spinfera guadalupensis

ARDEIDAE – Heron and Egret Family
4 Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
2 Green Heron, Butorides virescens

CATHARTIDAE – New World Vulture Family
20 Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
10 Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus

FALCONIDAE – Hawk Family
2 Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamiacensis cf. fuertesi

CALIDRIDAE – Sandpiper Family
1 Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius

COLUMBIDAE – Dove and Pigeon Family
4 Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura

CUCULIDAE – Cuckoo Family
2 Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus americana

CAPRIMULGIDAE – New World Nightjar Family
1 Chuck-Will’s-Widow, Caprimulgus vociferus
1 Poor-Will, Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

APODIDAE – Swift Family
3 Chimney Swift, Chaetura pelagica

TROCHILIDAE – Hummingbird Family
2 Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri

ALCEDINIDAE – Kingfisher Family
2 Green Kingfisher, Chloroceryle americana

PICIDAE – Woodpecker Family
2 Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Picoides scalaris
1 Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Melanerpes aurifrons

TYRANNIDAE – Tyrant Flycatcher Family
3 (nest) Eastern Phoebe, Sayornis phoebe
1 Black Phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
2 Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens
4 Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
1 Great Crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus

VIREONIDAE – Vireo Family
2 White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus
1 Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo flavifrons
2 Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus

CORVIDAE – Crow and Jay Family
3 Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma coerulescens
2 (nest with 3 young) Common Raven, Corvus corax

HIRUNDINIDAE – Swallow Family
20 Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
8 Cave Swallow, Petrochildon fulva
20 Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
4 Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis

PARIDAE – Chickadee Family
2 Carolina Chickadee, Poecile carolinensis
6 Black-crested Titmouse, Baeolophus atricristatus

TROGLODYTIDAE – Wren Family
2 Bewick's Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
3 Canyon Wren, Catherpes mexicanus
4 Carolina Wren, Thryothorus carolinensis

SYLVIIDAE – Old World Warbler Family
4 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea

PARULIDAE – Wood Warbler Family
1 Parula sp., Parula americana/ pitiayumi
2 Nashville Warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla
3 Golden-cheeked Warbler, Dendroica chrysoparia
2 Yellow-throated Warbler, Dendroica dominica
3 Louisiana Waterthrush, Seiurus motacilla

THRAUPIDAE – Tanager Family
4 Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra

EMBERIZIDAE – Bunting and Sparrow Family
2 Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
1 Rufous-crowned Sparrow, Aimophila rufescens
6 Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus

CARDINALIDAE – New World Finch Family
4 Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
1 Blue Grosbeak, Passerina caerulea
2 Painted Bunting, Passerina ciris

ICTERIDAE – Blackbird Family
2 Brown-headed Cowbird, Molothurs ater

FRINGILLIDAE – Cardueline Finch Family
2 House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus

CANIDAE – Dog Family
1 Domestic Dog, Canis familiaris [Harrier] **

CERVIDAE – Deer Family
2 (1 dead) White-tailed Deer, Odocoileus virginianus texanus

BOVIDAE – Cattle/Goat Family
1 Aoudad/Barbary Sheep *
2 Blackbuck, Antilope caervicapra *

CAMELIDAE – Camel Family
2 Llama, Auchenia glama **

EQUIDAE – Horse Family
6 Domestic Horse [Quarterhorse, Mustang, Tobiano, Red Roan
Appaloosa], Equus caballus **

ERETHIZONTIDAE – New World Porcupine Family
1 Porcupine, Erethizon dorsatum

HOMINIDAE – Human Family
+ Human Beings [modern immigrants] (also *)

TREBOUXIOPHYCEAE – Lichen+Algae Symbiont Family
Orange Crustose Lichen on Plateau Live Oak
Orange Foliose Lichen on Huisache

CHLOROPHYCEAE – Green Algae Family
Green Algae sp.

Class BRYOPSIDA
Moss sp.

PTERIDACEAE – Rock Fern Family
Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris

PELLAEACEAE – Cliffbrake Family
ZigZag Cliffbrake, Pellaea ovata 11

THELYPTERIDACEAE – Bracken Ferns
River Shieldfern, Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri

CUPRESSACEAE – Cypress Family
Ashe Juniper/Mountain Cedar, Juniperus ashei
Bald Cypress, Taxodium distichum (also ***)

POACEAE – Grass Family
Water Bentgrass, Agrostis semiverticillata (Polypogon viridis)
* Bushybeard Bluestem, Andropogon glomeratus
* Little Bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium
Three Awn, Aristida purpurea vars.
* King Ranch Bluestem, Bothriochloa ischaemum var. songarica *
* Sideoats Grama, Bouteloua curtipendula
* Buffalograss, Buchloe dactyloides
* Coastal Bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon *
English Perennial Rye, Lolium perenne (L. multiflorum)
* Shining Melic Grass, Melica nitens
Seep Muhly/Lindheimer Muhly, Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
* Texas Wintergrass/Speargrass, Stipa (Nassella) leucotricha
Johnson Grass, Sorghum halepense *14

JUNCACEAE – Rush Family
Rush sp., Juncus sp. (J. interior?)

CYPERACEAE – Sedge Family
* Texas Sedge, Carex cepa (C. texensis)
* Black Sedge, Schoenus nigricans
Jamiacan Sawgrass, Cladium jamaicense

ALLIACEAE – Garlic Family
* Drummond Wild Garlic, Allium drummondii

AGAVACEAE – Agave/Yucca Family
* Twistleaf Yucca, Yucca rupicola
Spanish Dagger, Yucca treculeana
[Candlestick/Torrey Yucca, Yucca cf. torreyi ]

RUSCACEAE – Beargrass Family
Texas Sotol, Dasylirion texanum
Devil’s Shoestring/Lindheimer’s Nolina, Nolina lindheimeriana

SMILACACEAE – Briar Family
Greenbriar, Smilax bona-nox

IRIDACEAE – Iris Family
* Blue-eyed Grass sp., Sisyrhinchium sp.

ORCHIDACEAE – Orchid Family
* 95 plants -- Giant Helleborine/Chatterbox Orchid, Epipactis gigantea

BROMELIACEAE – Pineapple and Airplant Family
Ballmoss, Tillandsia recurvata

MUSACEAE – Banana Family
Banana, Musa X paradisiaca **

CANNACEAE – Canna Family
Red Canna, Canna glauca **

POTAMOGETONACEAE – Pondweed Family
Longleaf Pondweed, Potamogeton nodosus

ARISTOLOCHIACEAE – Pipevine Family
* Virginia Pipevine, Aristolochia serpentaria

NYMPHAEACEAE – Cow Lily Family
* Yellow Pond Lily/Cow Lily, Nuphar lutea 

SALICACEAE – Poplar, Cottonwood and Willow Family
Lombardy Black Poplar, Populas nigra var. italica 

VIOLACEAE – Violet Family
Whorled Green-Violet, Hybanthus verticillatus

EUPHORBIACEAE – Spurge Family
* Blackfoot Spurge, Euphorbia (Chamaesyce) angusta
Prostrate Spurge, Euphorbia prostrata
Roemer’s Spurge, Euphorbia roemeri 
Climbing Noseburn, Tragia brevispica
Common Noseburn, Tragia ramosa

PASSIFLORACEAE – Passionflower Faimly
Yellow Passionflower, Passiflora affinis 

LINACEAE – Flax Family
* Rock/Perennial Flax, Linum rupestre
* Stiffstem Flax, Linum rigidum var. berlandieri 

JUGLANDACEAE – Hickory Family
Pecan, Carya illinoensis (also***)
Arizona Walnut, Juglans major
Mexican Walnut/Little Walnut/Nogalito, Juglans microcarpa

FAGACEAE – Oak/Beech Family
Texas Oak/Spanish Oak, Quercus buckleyi (Q. texana)
Plateau Live Oak, Quercus fusiformis
Lacey Oak/Blue Oak, Quercus laceyi (Q. glaucoides)
Plateau Chinkapin Oak, Quercus muhlenbergii var. brayi
Scalybark/Bastard/Shin Oak, Quercus sinuata var. breviloba

CACTACEAE – Cactus Family
Nipple Cactus, Coryphantha sulcata
* Engelmann’s Prickly Pear, Opuntia lindheimeri

NYCTAGINACEAE – Four O’Clock Family
* Rock Four O’Clock, Mirabilis dumetorum

CARYOPHYLLACEAE – Sandwort Family
Bentham Sandwort, Arenaria benthamii

CANNABACEAE – Hemp Family
Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata
Netleaf Hackberry, Celtis reticulata

MORACEAE - -Mulberry Family
Texas Littleleaf Mulberry, Morus microphylla

ULMACEAE – Elm Family
Cedar Elm, Ulmus crassifolia

ROSACEAE – Rose and Fruit Family
* Escarpment Black Cherry, Prunus serotina ssp. eximia
Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus 

RHAMNACEAE – Buckthorn Family
Carolina Buckthorn, Rhamnus caroliniana
* Green Squawbush, Condalia viridis

URTICACEAE – Nettle Family
False-nettle, Boehmeria cylindrica 
Cucumberweed, Parietaria pensylvanica (P. obtusa)

ONAGRACEAE – Primrose Family
* Showy Pink Evening-Primrose, Oenothera speciosa 
* Limestone Gaura, Gaura calcicola 

MYRTACEAE – Myrtle Family
* Red Bottlebrush, Callistemon citrinus **

ERICACEAE – Strawberry Tree Family
Texas Madrone, Arbutus xalapensis

EBENACEAE – Persimmon Family
Texas Persimmon, Diospyros texana

SAPOTACEAE – Chittamwood Family
Gum Bumelia, Sideroxylon (Bumelia) lanuginosa

POLEMONIACEAE – Phlox Family
* Drummond’s Phlox, Phlox drummondii

SAMOLACEAE – Brook-Primrose Family
Largeflower Brook-Primrose, Samolus cuneatus

MALVACEAE – Mallow Family
* Indian Mallow, Abutilon incanum
* Winecup sp., Callirhoe sp.

HYDRANGEACEAE – Saxifrage Family
* 3 plants -- Texas Mock-Orange, Philadelphus texensis 

LAURACEAE – Laurel Family
Spicebush, Lindera benzoin

SAPINDACEAE – Maple Family
Mexican Buckeye, Ungnadia speciosa
* Yellow (Red) Buckeye, Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
Rocky Mountain Bigtooth Maple, Acer grandidentatum var. grandidentatum

ANACARDIACEAE – Pistachio Family
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Rhus lanceolata
Poison Ivy, Rhus toxicodendron var. toxicodendron
* Poison Oak, Rhus toxicodendron var. eximia (photo)
Skunkbush/Aromatic Sumac, Rhus trilobata var. trilobata (R. aromatica
var. flabelliformis)
Evergreen Sumac, Rhus virens

GARRYACEAE – Silk-Tassel Family
Lindheimer’s/Mexican Silk-tassel, Garrya ovata var. lindheimeri

MELIACEAE – Chinaberry Family
* Chinaberry, Melia azedarach *

RUTACEAE – Rue Family
* Wafer Ash/Hoptree, Ptelea trifoliolata 

APIACEAE – Umbel Family
* Texas Parsley, Polytaenia texana (photo)

ARALIACEAE -- Aral Family
Water Pennywort, Hydrocotyle verticillata

PLATANACEAE – Windseed Family
Western Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis

FABACEAE – Bean Family
Lindheimer’s Indigobush, Amorpha lindheimeri
* Roemer’s Catclaw Acacia, Acacia roemeriana
* Huisache, Acacia smallii (A.miniata, A. farnesiana)
Texas Redbud, Cercis canadensis var. texensis
* Fragrant Pink Mimosa, Mimosa borealis
Honey Mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa
* Texas Mountain-Laurel/Mescalbean, Sophora secundiflora
* Eve’s Necklace, Sophora affinis
Lindheimer Senna, Senna (Cassia) lindheimeriana
* Leavenworth Vetch, Vicia leavenworthii
* Least Bur-Clover, Medicago minima
Sensitive-Briar sp. 
Bundleflower sp., Desmanthus sp. 
Snout Pea sp. 

POLYGALACEAE – Milkwort Family
Lindheimer Milkwort, Polygala lindheimeri

RANUNCULACEAE – Buttercup Family
* Windflower, Anemone heterophylla
Scarlet Leatherflower, Clematis texensis

BERBERIDACEAE – Barberry Family
Agarita, Berberis trifoliolata

PAPAVERACEAE – Poppy Family
* White Prickly Poppy, Argemone sp. (A. aurantiaca?)

VITACEAE – Grape Family
* Mountain Grape, Vitis monticola
* Virginia Creeper, Parthenoscissus quinquefolia

RUBIACEAE – Bluet Faimly
Western Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis
* Bluets sp., Hedyotis sp.
Bedstraw sp., Galium sp.

APOCYNACEAE – Dogbane Family
* Pearl Milkvine, Matelea reticulata

OXALIDACEAE – Sorrel Family
* Yellow Woodsorrel/Common Sour-Clover, Oxalis dillenii

LAMIACEAE – Mint Family
Common Horehound, Marrubium vulgare *
* Annual Pennyroyal, Hedeoma acinioides
* White Pennyroyal sp.
* Mock Pennyroyal/Limoncillo, Hedeoma drummondii
* Mealy Sage, Salvia farinacea
Purple Spires Sage, Salvia leucantha
* Annual/Drummond’s Skullcap, Scutellaria drummondii
Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis **
Small-flowered Stachys, Stachys agraria
Chaste-Tree/Mediterranean Beach-Holly, Vitex agnus-castus *(**)

ACANTHACEAE – Wild Petunia Family
Wild Petunia sp., Ruellia sp.

VERBENACEAE – Vervain Family
* Dakota Vervain, Verbena bipinnatifida
* Gray Vervain, Verbena canescens
* Pink Vervain, Verbena pumila (photo)

SCROPHULARIACEAE – Monkeyflower Family
* Wand Butterflybush, Buddleja racemosa
* Common/Woolly Mullein, Verbascum thapsus *
* European Scroph sp. *

OLEACEAE – Olive Family
* Redbud, Menodora heterophylla
Netleaf Elbowbush, Forestiera reticulata

PLANTAGINACEAE – Sage Family
* Paleseed Plantain, Plantago virginica

ACANTHACEAE – Acanthus Faimly
Torrey’s Carlowrightia, Carlowrightia torreyana

CAPRIFOLIACEAE – Honeysuckle Family
White Bush-Honeysuckle, Lonicera albiflora

SOLANACEAE – Nightshade Family
False Nightshade sp., Chamaesaracha sp.
Wild Petunia, Petunia parviflora

HYDROPHYLLACEAE – Bellwort Family
* Blue-Curls, Phacelia congesta

CONVOLVULACEAE – Morning Glory Family
* Pink Bindweed sp., Ipomoea sp.
* White and Rose Bindweed sp., Ipomoea sp.
New Mexico Ponyfoot, Dichondra brachypoda

BRASSICACEAE – Mustard Family
* Water-Cress, Nasturtium officinale (Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum) *
* Plateau Bladderpod, Lesquerella recurvata

CAMPANULACEAE – Bluebell Family
Venus’ Looking-Glass, Triodanis perfoliata




ASTERACEAE – Sunflower Family
Rooseveltweed/Baccharis, Baccharis neglecta
* Rabbit-Tobacco sp., Evax sp.
Shrubby Boneset/Thoroughwort, Eupatorium havanense
* Lindheimer’s Rock-Daisy, Perityle lindheimeri
* Straggler Daisy, Calyptocarpus vialis
* Pinchusion Daisy, Gaillardia suavis
Indian Blanket, Gaillardia pulchella
* Hairy Least-Daisy/Dwarf White Aster, Chaetopappa bellidifolia
* Spreading Least-Daisy, Chaetopappa effusa
* Lazy Daisy sp., Aphanostephus sp
* Plains/Prairie Fleabane, Erigeron modestus 1
Hairy Zexmenia, Wedelia (Zexmenia) hispida
Frostweed/Iceplant, Verbesina virginica
Cowpen Daisy, Verbesina encelioides
* Greenthread, Thelesperma filifolium
Mexican Hat, Ratibida columnaris
* Parralena, Dyssodia pentachaeta
Copper Canyon Daisy, Tagetes lemonii
* Engelmann’s Daisy, Engelmannia pinnatifida
* Woolly-White/Old Plainsman, Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Cocklebur sp., Xanthium sp.
* White Rock-Lettuce, Pinaropappus roseus
* Silverpuff/Nodding Lettuce, Chaptalia texana (C. nutans)
* Texas Dandelion, Pyrrhopappus multicaulis 14
* Sow-Thistle, Sonchus asper
Malta/Yellow Star-thistle, Centaruea melitensis *

TRAVEL TO AND FROM BSRC
28 April 2007 W Kerr County on TX39
1 Checkered White

30 Turkey Vulture
10 Black Vulture
1 Common Raven

1 Raccoon
Domestic Dog (Dalmatian)
2 Fallow Deer
12 Aoudad
2 Red Lechwe
80 White-tailed Deer
8 Barasingha
16 Feral Hog
Domestic Cattle (Longhorn)
Domestic Horse (Quarterhorse)
Burro

Cucurbita foetidissima
Drummond’s Phlox

28 April 2007 Real County on US83
3 Northern Mockingbird
12 Yellow-headed Blackbird

20 White-tailed Deer
1 Axis Deer
Domestic Horse (Quarterhorse)

28 April 2007, Uvalde County, River Road, House Pasture CC
1 Chuck-will’s-widow
2 Black-chinned Hummingbird
1 Eastern Phoebe
2 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
2 Northern Cardinal
2 Clay-colored Sparrow
1 Field Sparrow
1 White-crowned Sparrow
6 House Finch
4 House Sparrow

8 White-tailed Deer

Calylophus sp.
Golden-ball Lead-tree
Red Sage sp.


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Friday, April 27, 2007

ENV: Big Springs Ranch Report, 27 April 2007

Trip to Big Springs Ranch
27 April 2007
TX: Real County, Big Springs on the Frio River, Big Springs Ranch for Children, 9 miles N of Leakey E off US83 (location bounded by HEB Camp/Laity Lodge and Lost Maples State Natural Area), gate: 29.8437dN 099.6508dW, 1900’ elev., 27 April 2007, 8:15 a.m.- 4:00 p.m, 58-81dF, partly cloudy, windy, cool to warm . Tony Gallucci (Ingram).

On this trip 6 taxa were either added new to the Ranch list or were observed for the first time during the new series of surveys begun in April 2006, and thus confirmed continued presence.

This symbol * before the name indicates flowering this date.

27 April 2007
Big Springs Ranch
1 Dainty Sulphur
2 Sleepy Orange
2 Checkered White
1 Lyside Sulphur
3 Pipevine Swallowtail

2 Large Black Carabid Beetle
1 Medium Black Carabid Beetle (new)

1 Tiny Orange-and-Black Thread-waisted Wasp (new)

1 Turkey Vulture
2 Ash-throated Flycatcher
1 Great Crested Flycatcher
2 Barn Swallow
2 Western Scrub-Jay
1 Canyon Wren
2 Black-crested Titmouse
1 Yellow-throated Vireo
1 Golden-cheeked Warbler
1 Yellow-throated Warbler
1 Northern Cardinal
1 Indigo Bunting (new)
2 Chipping Sparrow
3 House Finch

4 Domestic Horse (Red Roan Appaloosa, Quarterhorse,
Tobiano)

Solanum dimidiatum (first since survey)
* Sideoats Grama (first since survey)

West Kerr County on TX39
9 Black Vulture
28 Turkey Vulture
2 White-winged Dove
15 Mourning Dove
1 Ladder-backed Woodpecker
1 Vermilion Flycatcher
1 Eastern Bluebird
2 Northern Cardinal
6 Lark Sparrow
1 Bullock’s Oriole

12 Blackbuck
2 Dama Gazelle
+ Domestic Cattle (Brindle Range, Texas Longhorn,
Charolais, Limousin, Black Angus, Hereford, Simmental)
8 Afghan Red Sheep
14 White-tailed Deer
20 Axis Deer
16 Fallow Deer
3 Pere David’s Deer
14 Feral Hog

Real County on US83
1 Crested Caracara
1 Western Kingbird
1 Common Raven

+ Domestic Cattle (Red Angus, Charolais, Black Baldy)



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Thursday, April 26, 2007

ENV: Big Springs Ranch Report, 26 April 2007

Trip to Big Springs Ranch
26 April 2007
TX: Real County, Big Springs on the Frio River, Big Springs Ranch for Children, 9 miles N of Leakey E off US83 (location bounded by HEB Camp/Laity Lodge and Lost Maples State Natural Area), gate: 29.8437dN 099.6508dW, 1900’ elev., 26 April 2007, 8:35 a.m.- 6:00 p.m, 65-75dF, partly cloudy, breezy, cool to warm and muggy. Tony Gallucci (Ingram).

On this trip 14 taxa were either added new to the Ranch list or were observed for the first time during the new series of surveys begun in April 2006, and thus confirmed continued presence.

This symbol * before the name indicates flowering this date.

26 April 2007
Big Springs Ranch
6 Sleepy Orange
3 Checkered White
8 Pipevine Swallowtail
3 Lyside Sulphur
9 Red Admiral
2 Variegated Fritillary
3 Question Mark
1 Ceraunus Blue
1 Reakirt’s Blue
1 White-lined Sphinx (photo) (new)

8 Large Black Ground Beetle sp. (photo) (new)
2 Blue-bordered Green Ground Beetle (photo)

1 Tiny Mottle-winged Mayfly sp. (photo) (new)

1 Tiny Metallic Chocolate brown Planthopper (new)

1 Orange Band-winged Grasshopper

1 European Honeybee
1 Red Wasp

1 Brown Recluse (photo) (new)

5 Black Vulture
8 Turkey Vulture
1 Mourning Dove
1 Ladder-backed Woodpecker
1 Golden-fronted Woodpecker
1 Great Crested Flycatcher
2 Ash-throated Flycatcher
1 Eastern Wood Pewee
1 Eastern Phoebe
4 Barn Swallow
4 Cave Swallow
1 Common Raven
2 Bewick’s Wren
1 Canyon Wren
2 Black-crested Titmouse
1 Yellow-throated Vireo
2 White-eyed Vireo
1 Red-eyed Vireo
1 Golden-cheeked Warbler
2 Summer Tanager
1 Painted Bunting (new)
2 Chipping Sparrow
12 Lark Sparrow
4 House Finch

1 Fox Squirrel

Orange Crustose Lichen on Plateau Live Oak (new)
* Blue Spires (blooming)
Copper Canyon Daisy
* Engelmann’s Daisy
* Medicago
* Evolvulus sp.
* Crow-Poison
* Gray Vervain
* Dakota Vervain
Sugarberry
* White Rock Lettuce
Greenbriar
* Plateau Bladderpod
* Bottlebrush (new)
* Greenthread (new)
* Indian Mallow (new)
Common Sunflower (new)
* Drummond’s Skullcap
Flameleaf Sumac
* Dwarf Aster sp
* Annual Pennyroyal
Lindheimer’s Senna
* Speargrass
Plateau Live Oak
Ballmoss
Texas Persimmon
Ashe Juniper
Western Sycamore
* Escarpment Black Cherry
* Prairie Fleabane
* Hedyotis sp/
* Blue-eyed Grass
Horehound

West Kerr County on TX39
9 Turkey Vulture
1 Black Vulture
1 Wild Turkey
1 Swainson’s Hawk (fos Kerr)
2 White-winged Dove
16 Mourning Dove
1 Western Kingbird
4 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
1 Northern Mockingbird
2 Common Raven
12 Barn Swallow
1 Blue Grosbeak
2 Northern Cardinal

1 Raccoon dor
14 Blackbuck
3 Red Lechwe
9 Eland
2 Dama Gazelle
3 Scimitar-horned Oryx
+ Domestic Cattle (Longhorn, Limousin,
Black Baldy, Charolais, Brindle Range)
4 Mouflon
83 Axis Deer
4 Sika Deer
8 Barasingha
14 Wapiti
3 Fallow Deer
1 White-tailed Deer
+ Domestic Goat (Spanish, Nubian,
Boer)
1 Aoudad
20 Barbados Sheep
8 Feral Hog
+ Domestic Horse (Quarterhorse,
Tobianoo)
1 Domestic Ass (Burro)

* Scarlet Penstemons
* Red Poppy *
* Engelmann’s Daisy
* Drummond’s Phlox
* Dakota Vervain
* Antelopehorns Milkweed
* Mealy Sage

Real County on US83
1 Turkey Vulture
1 Crested Caracara
1 Mourning Dove
1 Common Raven

+ Domestic Cattle (Longhorn, Black
Baldy, Charolais, Black Angus,
Red Angus)
+ Barbados Sheep

* Scarlet Penstemon
* Showy Pink Evening-Primrose
* Limestone Gaura

Ingram Dam Lake
1 White-winged Dove
2 Barn Swallow
2 Great-tailed Grackle

Warrior Theatre, Ingram
3 Chimney Swift



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Sunday, April 22, 2007

ENV: Big Springs Ranch Report, 22 April 2007

Faunal & Floral Survey of Big Springs Ranch
22 April 2007
TX: Real County, Big Springs on the Frio River, Big Springs Ranch, 9 miles N of Leakey E off US83 (location bounded by HEB Camp/Laity Lodge and Lost Maples State Natural Area), gate: 29.8437dN 099.6508dW, 1900’ elev., 26 April 2007, 7:40 a.m. – 4:25 p.m., 64-75dF
overcast, cool to warm and muggy.

BSRC Faunal & Floral Survey: Tom Collins (Center Point), Marcy Dorman (Kerrville), Tony Gallucci (Ingram)

On this trip 82 taxa were either added new to the Ranch list or were observed for the first time during the new series of surveys begun in April 2006, and thus confirmed continued presence.

This symbol * before the name indicates flowering this date.

ANIMALIA – Animals
1 Pupillid sp. (voucher)
2 White Globesnail, Helicina orbiculata
1 Cretaceous Snail sp. (fossil) (photo)

2 Wolf Spider sp.
1 Small Orange Web Spider sp.
1 Teal-butt Black Spider sp. (photo)
1 Long-jawed Spider sp.

1 Large Brown Millipede (photo)

8 Mosquito sp.
2 Cranefly sp.

1 Small Spider Hawk sp., Pepsis/Hemipepsis/Entypus sp.

50 European Honeybee, Apis mellifera

+ Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta *
+ Native Fire Ant, Solenopsis xyloni

1 Small Brown and White Grasshopper sp. (photo)
3 Pygmy Grasshopper sp. undetermined
30 Grasshopper sp.

2 Field Cricket sp., Gryllus sp.

3 Water Boatman sp., Hesperocorixa sp.
+ Gerrid Strider sp., Gerris sp.
+ Veliid Strider sp., Rhagovelia sp.
30 cf. Scarlet Plant Bug sp., cf. Lopidea sp. (photo)

1 Big headed Bug sp. (voucher)

+ Tent Caterpillar sp. on Yellow Buckeye
1 Pearly White Pyralid Moth sp.
4 Large Day-flying Sphingid

7 Eastern Dun Skipper, Euphyes vestris metacomet
10 Pipevine Swallowtail, Battus philenor philenor (Linnaeus)
1 Lyside Sulphur, Kricogonia lyside (Godart)
12 Sleepy Orange, Abaeis nicippe (Cramer)
3 Dainty Sulphur, Nathalis iole Boisduval
7 Checkered White, Pontia protodice
1 Plains Gray Hairstreak, Strymon melinus franki Field
1 Reakirt’s Blue, Echinargus isola alce (W.H. Edwards)
5 Red Satyr, Megisto rubricata (photo)
5 Little Wood Satyr, Megisto cymela
25 Question Mark, Polygonia interrogationis (photo)
1 Western Gulf Fritillary, Agraulis vanillae incarnata (Riley)
1 Variegated Fritillary, Euptoieta claudia (Cramer)
1 Phaon Crescent, Phyciodes phaon
2 Vesta Crescent, Phyciodes graphica vesta (W.H. Edwards)
5 Red Admiral, Vanessa atalanta

8 American Rubyspot, Hetaerina americana (Fabricius)
1 Great Spreadwing, Archilestes grandis (Rambur) (photo)
1 Arroyo Bluet, Enallagma praevarum (Hagen)
1 Familiar Bluet, Enallagma civile
14 Kiowa Dancer, Argia immunda (Hagen)
2 Blue-ringed Dancer, Argia sedula (Hagen)
2 Powdered Dancer, Argia moesta
4 Dot-winged-complex Baskettail, Epitheca cf. petechialis
1 Roseate Skimmer, Orthemis ferruginea (Fabricius)
2 Flame Skimmer, Libellula saturata Uhler (photo)
3 Common Whitetail, Plathemis lydia (Drury) (photo)
1 Eastern Pondhawk/Blue Dasher
1 Pale-faced Clubskimmer, Brechmorhoga mendax (Hagen)
2 teneral Dragons (poss. Sylph)

80 Roundnose Minnow, Dionda episcopa
20 Blacktail Shiner, Cyprinella venusta
+ Mosquitofish sp., Gambusia affinis/geiseri
6 Redbreast Sunfish, Lepomis auritus
4 Redear Sunfish, Lepomis microlophus

17 Blanchard’s Cricket Frog, Acris crepitans blanchardi
1 Cliff Chirping Frog, Eleutherodactylus marnocki
2 Rio Grande Leopard Frog, Rana berlandieri

1 Blotched Water Snake, Neroida erythrogaster transversa

2 Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
12 Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
1 Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus
1 Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamiacensis cf. fuertesi
3 Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularia
7 Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
2 Chimney Swift, Chaetura pelagica
1 Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri
2 Archilochus sp.
1 Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
5 Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Picoides scalaris
1 Green Kingfisher, Chloroceryle americana
4 Eastern Phoebe, Sayornis phoebe
4 Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens
1 Great Crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus
7 Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
31 Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
60 Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
2 Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx rufipennis
14 Purple Martin, Progne subis
2 White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus
4 Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo flavifrons
2 Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus
2 Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma coerulescens
2 (nest w/3 young) Common Raven, Corvus corax
5 Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum
1 Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula
9 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea
6 Carolina Chickadee, Poecile carolinensis
8 Black-crested Titmouse, Baeolophus atricristatus
4 Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
2 Bewick's Wren, Thryomanes bewickii
5 Canyon Wren, Catherpes mexicanus
3 Carolina Wren, Thryothorus carolinensis
1 Northern Parula sp., Parula sp.
3 Nashville Warbler, Vermivora ruficapilla
2 Black-and-White Warbler, Mniotilta varia
1 Black-throated Green Warbler, Dendroica
7 Golden-cheeked Warbler, Dendroica chrysoparia
4 Yellow-throated Warbler, Dendrioca dominica
6 Louisiana Waterthrush, Seiurus
9 Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra
6 Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
1 Blue Grosbeak, Guiraca caerulea
30 Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
3 Rufous-crowned Sparrow, Aimophila rufescens
35 Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
4 Dickcissel, Spiza americana
3 House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus
1 Brown-headed Cowbird, Molothurs ater
3 Scott’s Oriole, Icterus parisorum

5 Edwards Plateau Fox Squirrel, Sciurus niger limitus (also***) (photo)
2 Afghan Ural/Persian Red Sheep, Ovis ammon gmelini *
2 Blackbuck, Antilope caervicapra *
(damage) Domestic Pig [Feral Hog], Sus scrofa *
4 Domestic Horse [Quarterhorse, Mustang, Tobiano], Equus caballus **

ASCOMYCOTA – Fungus
Orange Finger Fungus on dead log (photo)
Cream Shelf Fungus o(photo)
True Fungus

TREBOUXIOPHYCEAE – Lichen+Algae Symbiont Family
Sea Green Crustose Lichen
Orange Crustose Lichen on limestone
Foliose Lichen

CHLOROPHYCEAE – Green Algae Family
Green Algae sp.

Class BRYOPSIDA
Moss sp.

Order METZGERIALES
Thalloid Liverwort sp.

PTERIDACEAE – Rock Fern Family
Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum capillus-veneris (photo)

PELLAEACEAE – Cliffbrake Family
Purple Cliffbrake, Pellaea atropurpurea (photo)
ZigZag Cliffbrake, Pellaea ovata (photo)
Alabama Lipfern, Cheilanthes alabamensis (photo)

THELYPTERIDACEAE – Bracken Ferns
River Shieldfern, Thelypteris ovata var. lindheimeri (photo)

CUPRESSACEAE – Cypress Family
Ashe Juniper/Mountain Cedar, Juniperus ashei
Bald Cypress, Taxodium distichum (also ***)

POACEAE – Grass Family
Water Bentgrass, Agrostis semiverticillata (Polypogon viridis)
* Bushybeard Bluestem, Andropogon glomeratus
* King Ranch Bluestem, Bothriochloa ischaemum var. songarica *
* Coastal Bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon *
* Lindheimer Panicgrass, Dichanthelium (Panicum) lindheimeri
Lindheimer Muhly, Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
* Texas Wintergrass/Speargrass, Stipa (Nassella) leucotricha
Indiangrass, Sorghastrum nutans
* Purpletop Grass sp. (photo)

CYPERACEAE – Sedge Family
Sedge sp., Carex sp. (photo)
* Porcupine Sedge, Fuirena simplex
* Black Sedge, Schoenus nigricans
Jamiacan Sawgrass, Cladium jamaicense (photo)

LILIACEAE –True Lily Family
* Spring Rainlily, Cooperia pedunculata

ALLIACEAE – Garlic Family
* Drummond Wild Garlic, Allium drummondii
* Crowpoison - Nothoscordum bivalve (L.) Britt.

AGAVACEAE – Agave/Yucca Family
Twistleaf Yucca, Yucca rupicola
* Spanish Dagger, Yucca treculeana
Plains-type Yucca sp., Yucca sp. (Y. arkansana?)
[ Long-leaved/Candlestick/Torrey Yucca, Yucca cf. torreyi ]

RUSCACEAE – Beargrass Family
Texas Sotol, Dasylirion texanum

SMILACACEAE – Briar Family
Greenbriar, Smilax bona-nox

IRIDACEAE – Iris Family
* Blue-eyed Grass sp., Sisyrhinchium sp.

ORCHIDACEAE – Orchid Family
(budding) Giant Helleborine/Chatterbox Orchid, Epipactis gigantea (photo)

BROMELIACEAE – Pineapple and Airplant Family
Ballmoss, Tillandsia recurvata

VIOLACEAE – Violet Family
* Pansy, Viola tricolor **

EUHPORBIACEAE – Spurge Family
* Fendler Spurge, Euphorbia (Chamaesyce) fendleri
* Oneseed Croton, Croton monanthogynus

PASSIFLORACEAE – Passionflower Faimly
Yellow Passionflower, Passiflora affinis

JUGLANDACEAE – Hickory Family
Pecan, Carya illinoensis (also***)
Arizona Walnut, Juglans major
Mexican Walnut/Little Walnut/Nogalito, Juglans microcarpa

FAGACEAE – Oak/Beech Family
Texas Oak/Spanish Oak, Quercus buckleyi (Q. texana) ?
Plateau Live Oak, Quercus fusiformis ?
Lacey Oak/Blue Oak, Quercus laceyi (Q. glaucoides)
Plateau Chinkapin Oak, Quercus muhlenbergii var. brayi
Scalybark/Bastard/Shin Oak, Quercus sinuata var. breviloba

CACTACEAE – Cactus Family
Nipple Cactus, Coryphantha sulcata
Strawberry Pitaya, Echincereus enneacanthus
Claret Cup Cactus, Echinocereus triglochidiatus (also***)
* Engelmann’s Prickly Pear, Opuntia lindheimeri
* Orange Prickly Pear, Opuntia macrorhiza

NYCTAGINACEAE – Four O’Clock Family
(budding) Rock Four O’Clock, Mirabilis dumetorum (photo)

CANNABACEAE – Hemp Family
Netleaf Hackberry, Celtis reticulata

MORACEAE - -Mulberry Family
Texas Littleleaf Mulberry, Morus microphylla
Common Fig, Ficus carica. *

ULMACEAE – Elm Family
Cedar Elm, Ulmus crassifolia

ROSACEAE – Rose and Fruit Family
* Escarpment Black Cherry, Prunus serotina ssp. eximia ?
Mountain Mahogany, Cercocarpus montanus

RHAMNACEAE – Buckthorn Family
Carolina Buckthorn, Rhamnus caroliniana

URTICACEAE – Nettle Family
False-nettle, Boehmeria cylindrica
Cucumberweed, Parietaria pensylvanica (P. obtusa)

LYTHRACEAE – Myrtle Family
Plateau/Stream Loosestrife, Lythrum ovalifolium ?

EBENACEAE – Persimmon Family
Texas Persimmon, Diospyros texana (photo)

SAPOTACEAE – Chittamwood Family
Gum Bumelia, Sideroxylon (Bumelia) lanuginosa

POLEMONIACEAE – Phlox Family
* Drummond’s Phlox, Phlox drummondii (photo)

MALVACEAE – Mallow Family
* Creeping Yellow Sida, Sida abutifolia (S. filicaulis)

HYDRANGEACEAE – Saxifrage Family
Texas Mock-Orange, Philadelphus texensis (photo)

LAURACEAE – Laurel Family
Spicebush, Lindera benzoin (photo)

SAPINDACEAE – Maple Family
Mexican Buckeye, Ungnadia speciosa
* Yellow (Red) Buckeye, Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
(fruit) Rocky Mountain Bigtooth Maple, Acer grandidentatum var. grandidentatum

ANACARDIACEAE – Pistachio Family
Prairie Flameleaf Sumac, Rhus lanceolata
* Poison Ivy, Rhus toxicodendron var. toxicodendron
* Poison Oak, Rhus toxicodendron var. eximia
Skunkbush/Aromatic Sumac, Rhus trilobata var. trilobata (Rhus aromatica var. flabelliformis)
Evergreen Sumac, Rhus virens

GARRYACEAE – Silk-Tassel Family
(fruit) Lindheimer’s/Mexican Silk-tassel, Garrya ovata var. lindheimeri (photo)

MELIACEAE – Chinaberry Family
* Chinaberry, Melia azedarach *

RUTACEAE – Rue Family
* Wafer Ash, Ptelea trifoliolata

APIACEAE – Umbel Family
Wild Carrot sp.

ARALIACEAE -- Aral Family
Water Pennywort, Hydrocotyle verticillata

PLATANACEAE – Windseed Family
Western Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis

FABACEAE – Bean Family
Lindheimer Indigobush, Amorpha lindheimeri (photo)
* Roemer’s Catclaw Acacia, Acacia roemeriana (photo)
* Huisache, Acacia smallii (A.miniata, A. farnesiana) (photo)
Texas Redbud, Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas Kidneywood, Eysenhardtia texana
* Fragrant Pink Mimosa, Mimosa borealis (photo)
Honey Mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa
Texas Mountain-Laurel/Mescalbean, Sophora secundiflora
Eve’s Necklace, Sophora affinis
Lindheimer’s Senna, Senna (Cassia) lindheimeriana (photo)
Twoleaf Senna, Senna (Cassia) roemeriana
* Leavenworth Vetch, Vicia leavenworthii
* Least Bur-Clover, Medicago minima
Brown-flowered Psoralea, Psoralea rhombifolia

BERBERIDACEAE – Barberry Family
Agarita, Berberis trifoliolata

PAPAVERACEAE – Poppy Family
* Yellow/Mexican Prickly Poppy, Argemone mexicana (photo)
White Prickly Poppy, Argemone sp. (A. aurantiaca?)

MENISPERMACEAE – Moonseed Family
Carolina Snailseed, Cocculus carolina

VITACEAE – Grape Family
Mountain Grape, Vitis monticola
Virginia Creeper, Parthenoscissus quinquefolia

RUBIACEAE – Bluet Faimly
Western Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis

APOCYNACEAE – Dogbane Family
* Antelopehorns Milkweed, Asclepias asperula
Milkvine sp., Matelea sp.

OXALIDACEAE – Sorrel Family
* Yellow Woodsorrel/Common Sour-Clover, Oxalis dillenii

LAMIACEAE – Mint Family
* Annual Pennyroyal, Hedeoma acinioides (photo)
* White Pennyroyal sp. (photo)
* Mealy Sage, Salvia farinacea
* Purple Spires Sage, Salvia leucantha**
* Annual Skullcap, Scutellaria drummondii (photo)
Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis **

VERBENACEAE – Vervain Family
* Dakota Vervain, Verbena bipinnatifida (photo)
* Gray Vervain, Verbena canescens

SCROPHULARIACEAE – Monkeyflower Family
(budding) Common/Woolly Mullein, Verbascum thapsus *

OLEACEAE – Olive Family
Netleaf Elbowbush, Forestiera reticulata (photo)

PLANTAGINACEAE – Sage Family
Plantain sp., Plantago sp.

CONVOLVULACEAE – Morning Glory Family
* Purple Bindweed, Ipomoea trichocarpa
* Bindweed sp., Ipomoea sp.

BRASSICACEAE – Mustard Family
Water-Cress, Nasturtium officinale (Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum) *
Redstem Mustard sp. (photo)
* Plateau Bladderpod, Lesquerella recurvata

ASTERACEAE – Sunflower Family
Rooseveltweed/Baccharis, Baccharis neglecta
* Rabbit-Tobacco sp., Evax sp.
Shrubby Boneset/Thoroughwort, Eupatorium havanense
* Lindheimer’s Rock-Daisy, Perityle lindheimeri (photo)
* Pinchusion Daisy, Gaillardia suavis
* Hariy Least-Daisy/Dwarf White Aster, Chaetopappa bellidifolia
* Spreading Least-Daisy, Chaetopappa effusa (photo)
* Plains/Prairie Fleabane, Erigeron modestus (photo)
* Lazy-Daisy sp., Aphanostephus sp.
(fruit) Silverpuff/Nodding Lettuce, Chaptalia texana (C. nutans)
Frostweed/Iceplant, Verbesina virginica
* White Rock-Lettuce, Pinaropappus roseus
Copper Canyon Daisy, Tagetes lemonii **
* Engelmann’s Daisy, Engelmannia pinnatifida
* Texas Thistle, Cirsium texanum
* Slender Bristle-thistle, Carduus tenuiflorus (photo)


Warrior Theatre, Ingram
1 Yellow-headed Black bird

Real County on US83
2 American Kestrel
1 Brown-colored Common Raven

+ Domestic Cattle (Charolais)
+ Domestic Goat (Boer)

Blooming
Purpletop Grass sp.
Texas Bluebonnet
Woolly-white
Pink Showy Evening-Primrose

West Kerr County on TX39
1 Great Blue Heron
22 Turkey Vulture
6 Black Vulture
1 Crested Caracara
4 Mourning Dove
1 White-winged Dove
8 Cave Swallow
2 Common Raven
1 Western Scrub-Jay
1 Eastern Bluebird
1 Lesser Goldfinch
4 Great-tailed Grackle

5 bat sp.
1 Fox Squirrel
2 Dama Gazelle
14 Blackbuck
2 Red Lechwe
8 Nile Lechwe
4 Scimitar-horned Oryx
2 Aoudad
20 Afghan Ural Red Sheep
+ Domestic Cattle (Black Angus, Longhorn, Charolais, Black Baldy, Brindle Range)
+ Domestic Goat (Spanish, Boer)
40 White-tailed Deer
3 Pere David’s Deer
18 Barasingha
14 Fallow Deer
2 dor Feral Hog
+ Domestic Horse (Quarterhorse)
1 Domestic Ass (Burro)

Blooming
Goldeneye Phlox
Drummond’s Phlox
Yellow Flag Iris




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Saturday, April 21, 2007

ENV: Souith Texas Trip Report, 21 April 2007

On an unsuccessful quest to find and film a reported female Masked Duck in Kleberg County. Some highlights:

21 April 2007
TX: Kerr Co., HCYR
1 Red Admiral

1 Red-tailed Hawk
2 Mourning Dove
7 Archilochus sp.
1 Black-chinned Hummingbird
1 Eastern Phoebe
2 Summer Tanager
2 Chipping Sparrow
1 Lesser Goldfinch
3 House Finch
4 Brown-headed Cowbird

3 Black-tailed Jackrabbit

TX: Kerr Co., Ingram
2 dor Armadillo (fos)
1 Black Vulture
4 Eurasian Collared-Dove
4 Barn Swallow

I-10, Kerr County
1 Common Raven
100 Cave Swallow

I-10 Kendall County
20 Cliff Swallow

I-10 Bexar County
2 Pipevine Swalowtail

1 Great Egret
2 Swainson’s Hawk

Atascosa County
1 Crested Caracara
60 Cliff Swallow

Live Oak County
3 Crested Caracara
100 Franklin’s Gull’s
2 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
150 Cliff Swallow

San Patricio County
3 Cattle Egret
2 Crested Caracara
1 Swainson’s Hawk
40 Cliff Swallow

Nueces County
30 Laughing Gull

Pipit Corner, Kleberg County
Coreopsis sp (photo)

Black/Rusty Fuzzy Caterpillar on
Eriogonum? (film)
8 Pipevine Swallowtail
1 Lyside Sulphur
1 American Lady
1 Funereal Duskywing

20 Spreadwing sp.
100s Bluet sp.
2 Powdered Dancer
8 Common Green Darner
1 Eastern Pondhawk
1 Blue Dasher
10 Red Saddlebags
1 Striped Saddlebags

1 Powdered Dancer

1 Red-eared Slider

1 Pied-billed Grebe (film)
1 Ring-necked Duck (crippled female)(film)
[1f Masked Duck – glimpse of possibly this bird]
5 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck
1 White-tailed Hawk
1 Red-tailed Hawk
1f Northern Harrier
1 American Kestrel
1 Northern Bobwhite
1 Killdeer
20 Upland Sandpiper
1 Long-billed Curlew
20 Laughing Gull
28 Mourning Dove
2 Inca Dove
2 Ruby-throated Hummingbird
1 Great Kiskadee
3 Brown-crested Flycatcher
1 Western Kingbird
16 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (film)
6 Tree Swallow
20 Swallow sp.
1 Green Jay
1 Northern Mockingbird
1 Nashville Warbler
3 Yellow-rumped (Myrtle) Warbler (film)
2 Indigo Bunting
32 Dickcissel (film)
2 Lark Sparrow (film)
1 Savannah Sparrow
12 Great-tailed Grackle
44 Red-winged Blackbird (film)
10 Brown-headed Cowbird
6 Bronzed Cowbird (film)


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Wednesday, April 18, 2007

A Letter of Support for the Virginia Tech Family

Dear Aggie Family,

Today our hearts are heavy for the students, faculty, staff and alumni of Virginia Tech. What their campus community endured Monday is beyond comprehension. No doubt, the events of Monday morning caused us to pause and reflect on our own tragic events of 1999. While the circumstances differ, the impact of such a large-scale loss of life on a close-knit campus is much the same. It is a day that will not be forgotten.

Many of us traveled to Blacksburg in September 2003 for our football game against the Hokies and experienced the warm hospitality of the Virginia Tech faithful. I believe we felt an immediate kinship with their fans, due in large part to similarities in the origins of our two schools. In the last few days many of you have expressed genuine concern and compassion for our friends at Virginia Tech and offered suggestions on how we as an Aggie family might show our support.

I’m sure it won’t surprise you to know that students at Texas A&M are already reaching out to show their support. Monday night, members of our Corps of Cadets gathered for Echo Taps, an event reserved to pay respects to those killed in times of national tragedy. Our student government has organized an effort to collect notes of condolence from Aggies and forward these to the students of Virginia Tech. And just this morning The Association of Former Students joined together with the Texas Exes of the University of Texas to send a unified message of support to the Virginia Tech Alumni Association. Given that our two schools have endured tragedies on our own campuses in 1999 and 1966, we felt it was an appropriate gesture to have Aggie maroon and Texas orange stand with the maroon and orange of Virginia Tech in a show of support.

Virginia Tech, much like Texas A&M, is a close-knit community. The strength of the Hokie Nation will help them to work through the healing process and move forward. The Aggie family relates to what the Virginia Tech family is experiencing in the aftermath of this tragedy and we offer up our thoughts, prayers and encouragement. We pulled together as a family in 1999, but we also found great strength in the kindness and support of universities across the nation.

Today, we extend to Virginia Tech our most sincere sympathy, along with the promise that day by day, little by little, healing will come.

In the Aggie Spirit,
Porter S. Garner III ’79
Executive Director

COM: Silence

Monday, April 16, 2007

Nothing to say . . .

ENV: SPI Bunting

Pat Wade forwarded pictures of the interesting bunting photographed on SPI.


Here's an excerpt from the TexBirds note
"During the Big Sit yesterday at the SPI convention center, a strange looking Indigo Bunting appeared. It had a white belly, was very mottled blue/brown. Some of the Big Sitters were calling it a Lazuli/Indigo hybird, and these folks know their birds. . . maybe we can get some folks to make some comments about this bird."


Please note that comments are best forwarded to Pat or posted to TexBirds for better dissemination. And you can click on the picture to get a larger version.







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Saturday, April 14, 2007

ENV: Vise Diner

In this short a female and a male Golden-fronted Woodpecker (Melanerpes aurifrons) collect sunflower seeds from a feeder and the ground, wedge them in a crack in a dead Escarpment Black Cherry tree (Prunus serotina var. eximia), and hammer them until they can extract the kernel inside. Woodpeckers are generally recognized as insect feeders, but are familiar visitors to winter feeding stations. The female here was filmed on 26 March 2007, and the male on 9 April 2007, from out my office window, one mile north of Ingram, Kerr County, Texas.



Also seen are Chipping Sparrow, Lincoln’s Sparrow, House Finch and Black-chinned Hummingbird.

Flooding can be seen in the background of some clips of the female. This was the day of a moderate-sized flash flood in Kerr County – see also my short Chocolate Milk River, filmed the same day.

film by tony gallucci
Holly Riedel – Executive Producer
special thanks to Joshua Rose


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MRF: Chocolate Milk River

March 26, 2007 Flood and a twentieth anniversary look back at the 1987 Flood

Flash flooding on the Guadalupe River and tributaries March 26, 2007. Locations in this short are Ingram Dam Lake and Johnson Creek confluence in Ingram, and Goat Creek confluence in Kerrville, Kerr County, Texas. At this last location the flooding has dissipated, but the remnants of the creek blasting past a lawnmower shop are evident. When i first saw this scene there were over a dozen of these big mowers in the creekbed, but workers were moving them back. Only a few remained when i returned to film.



This was a moderate flood for our area, which is highly prone to violent weather and flash flooding. We are centered on the Edwards Plateau in the Texas Hill Country and the deep canyons here collect and disperse water rapidly. The rainfall that enters the ground here feeds the Trinity and Edwards Aquifers which provide San Antonio and Austin, Texas and many smaller towns with their water.

The Balcones Fault Zone creates an uplift that often stalls big wet fronts moving from the northwest as they encounter updrafts of warm, wet Gulf air sweeping off the Texas Coast. Just such a system sat over the county for the several days before and after March 26th, leaving about ten inches total of rain in about a week, most of it coming in two large downpours a couple days apart.

Here's the storm from overhead:



The Guadalupe is the quintessential Texas Hill Country River – scenic and dangerous. In the twenty-plus years i’ve lived here i have seen perhaps 15 or so floods of this magnitude and many smaller ones. I’ve seen four major floods, two of them in the 30-foot hundred-year flood range – one of which (July 1987) is famous for having swept a camp bus off a side road and ten kids to their deaths.



Outside of our recent drought it was fairly commonplace to have three or four small floods a year, and a big one every second or third year. It’s been a while. People die annually in these things in the Hill Country, mostly because folks get impatient and insist on trying to drive across low water crossings. It doesn’t take much to sweep a car downstream and trap folks inside.

film by tony gallucci
Holly Riedel – Executive Producer
special thanks to Joshua Rose.


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Thursday, April 12, 2007

OBT: Kurt Vonnegut

Novelist Kurt Vonnegut Dies at Age 84
Satirical Novelist Kurt Vonnegut, Author of 'Slaughterhouse-Five,' Dies at Age 84
By CRISTIAN SALAZAR, The Associated Press

NEW YORK - Kurt Vonnegut, the satirical novelist who captured the absurdity of war and questioned the advances of science in darkly humorous works such as "Slaughterhouse-Five" and "Cat's Cradle," died Wednesday. He was 84.

Vonnegut, who often marveled that he had lived so long despite his lifelong smoking habit, had suffered brain injuries after a fall at his Manhattan home weeks ago, said his wife, photographer Jill Krementz.

The author of at least 19 novels, many of them best-sellers, as well as dozens of short stories, essays and plays, Vonnegut relished the role of a social critic. Indianapolis, his hometown, declared 2007 as "The Year of Vonnegut" an announcement he said left him "thunderstruck."

He lectured regularly, exhorting audiences to think for themselves and delighting in barbed commentary against the institutions he felt were dehumanizing people.

"I will say anything to be funny, often in the most horrible situations," Vonnegut, whose watery, heavy-lidded eyes and unruly hair made him seem to be in existential pain, once told a gathering of psychiatrists.

A self-described religious skeptic and freethinking humanist, Vonnegut used protagonists such as Billy Pilgrim and Eliot Rosewater as transparent vehicles for his points of view. He also filled his novels with satirical commentary and even drawings that were only loosely connected to the plot. In "Slaughterhouse-Five," he drew a headstone with the epitaph: "Everything was beautiful, and nothing hurt."

But much in his life was traumatic, and left him in pain.

Despite his commercial success, Vonnegut battled depression throughout his life, and in 1984, he attempted suicide with pills and alcohol, joking later about how he botched the job.

"I think he was a man who combined a wicked sense of humor and sort of steady moral compass, who was always sort of looking at the big picture of the things that were most important," said Joel Bleifuss, editor of In These Times, a liberal magazine based in Chicago that featured Vonnegut articles.

His mother killed herself just before he left for Germany during World War II, where he was quickly taken prisoner during the Battle of the Bulge. He was being held in Dresden when Allied bombs created a firestorm that killed an estimated tens of thousands of people.

"The firebombing of Dresden explains absolutely nothing about why I write what I write and am what I am," Vonnegut wrote in "Fates Worse Than Death," his 1991 autobiography of sorts.

But he spent 23 years struggling to write about the ordeal, which he survived by huddling with other POW's inside an underground meat locker labeled slaughterhouse-five.

The novel, in which Pvt. Pilgrim is transported from Dresden by time-traveling aliens from the planet Tralfamadore, was published at the height of the Vietnam War, and solidified his reputation as an iconoclast.

"He was sort of like nobody else," said Gore Vidal, who noted that he, Vonnegut and Norman Mailer were among the last writers around who served in World War II.

"He was imaginative; our generation of writers didn't go in for imagination very much. Literary realism was the general style. Those of us who came out of the war in the 1940s made it sort of the official American prose, and it was often a bit on the dull side. Kurt was never dull."

Vonnegut was born on Nov. 11, 1922, in Indianapolis, a "fourth-generation German-American religious skeptic Freethinker," and studied chemistry at Cornell University before joining the Army.

When he returned, he reported for Chicago's City News Bureau, then did public relations for General Electric, a job he loathed. He wrote his first novel, "Player Piano," in 1951, followed by "The Sirens of Titan," "Canary in a Cat House" and "Mother Night," making ends meet by selling Saabs on Cape Cod.

Critics ignored him at first, then denigrated his deliberately bizarre stories and disjointed plots as haphazardly written science fiction. But his novels became cult classics, especially "Cat's Cradle" in 1963, in which scientists create "ice-nine," a crystal that turns water solid and destroys the earth.

Many of his novels were best-sellers. Some also were banned and burned for suspected obscenity. Vonnegut took on censorship as an active member of the PEN writers' aid group and the American Civil Liberties Union. The American Humanist Association, which promotes individual freedom, rational thought and scientific skepticism, made him its honorary president.

His characters tended to be miserable anti-heros with little control over their fate. Vonnegut said the villains in his books were never individuals, but culture, society and history, which he said were making a mess of the planet.

"We probably could have saved ourselves, but we were too damned lazy to try very hard... and too damn cheap," he once suggested carving into a wall on the Grand Canyon, as a message for flying-saucer creatures.

He retired from novel writing in his later years, but continued to publish short articles. He had a best-seller in 2005 with "A Man Without a Country," a collection of his nonfiction work, including jabs at the Bush administration ("upper-crust C-students who know no history or geography") and the uncertain future of the planet.

He called the book's success "a nice glass of champagne at the end of a life."

In recent years, Vonnegut worked as a senior editor and columnist at In These Times. Bleifuss said he had been trying to get Vonnegut to write something more for the magazine, but was unsuccessful.

"He would just say he's too old and that he had nothing more to say. He realized, I think, he was at the end of his life," Bleifuss said.

Vonnegut, who had homes in Manhattan and the Hamptons in New York, adopted his sister's three young children after she died. He also had three children of his own with his first wife, Ann Cox, and later adopted a daughter, Lily, with his second wife, the noted photographer Jill Krementz.

Vonnegut once said that of all the ways to die, he'd prefer to go out in an airplane crash on the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro. He often joked about the difficulties of old age.

"When Hemingway killed himself he put a period at the end of his life; old age is more like a semicolon," Vonnegut told The Associated Press in 2005.

"My father, like Hemingway, was a gun nut and was very unhappy late in life. But he was proud of not committing suicide. And I'll do the same, so as not to set a bad example for my children."

Associated Press writers Michael Warren, Hillel Italie and Chelsea Carter contributed to this report.

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Monday, April 09, 2007

COM: Blogarthmic #225

ARTS MONDAY: A Warm Welcome For Loeb Ex Play
By APRIL B. WANG , Harvard Crimson Staff Writer, Monday, April 09, 2007 12:43 AM

When a jabbering, flourescently-dressed Marielle E. Woods ’08 first strutted onto the stage of “Reception” with a shell-shocked Jonah C. Priour ’09 in tow, I followed Priour’s example and settled back into my seat in chagrined resignation. Woods’ schizophrenic movements within the confines of the bedroom set was quickly making me claustrophobic, and I thought that the rest of the play would be similarly overdone.

But I quickly got used to the non-stop flapping of both Woods’ hands and jaws, and it became easy to appreciate just how brilliantly annoying Woods is as an obsessive-compulsive mother-of-the-bride. Not to mention the perpetual chaos and energy that she—and the entire cast—generated in the Loeb Experimental Theatre.

Directed by Simon Nicholas ’07 and co-produced by Zachary B. S. Sniderman ’09 and Haining Gouinlock ’07, the Harvard Radcliffe Dramatic Club’s (HRDC) production of “Reception,” played at the Loeb Experimental Theater April 5-7.

In “Reception,” a play by L.M. Vincent, a young psychologist, Blair (Priour), comes to Meg’s (Woods) Boston apartment. He plans to sabotage the engagement of Meg’s daughter Melissa (Anna I. Polonyi ’10), for whom Meg is throwing an engagement party and with whom Blair has been in love since high school . . .

If there was a central point of interest, it would be Priour. The experienced student actor was captivating as soon as he stepped onstage, adorably polite and awkward as he endured Meg’s incessant chattering. When Priour was on stage, the stage belonged to him—even if he was only sitting in a chair twiddling his thumbs at stage right, while two of his clients were in the throes of passion upon the bed at stage center.

There were many great scenes in this production, but two in particular stood out. In the first act, Priour delivered a fantastic soliloquy about his character’s love for Melissa, addressed to himself in the bedroom mirror and punctuated by occasional breaths from an inhaler.

But nowhere did Priour impress as much as in his last scene, when he was beset by a gripping, realistic asthma attack after he confessed his feelings to Melissa. It was the one scene completely devoid of the comic element, and was shocking after the almost 90 minutes of straight chaos and humor that ran beforehand. It jerked me out of my laughter and into tears within a second.

“Reception” was a madhouse, a party even more hectic than and almost as nonsensical as the Mad Hatter’s tea party in “Alice in Wonderland.” It was pure fun, and a pleasure to be a guest.


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