Thursday, June 26, 2008

NAT: Blackfeet Language Institute

Blackfeet Tribe launches Blackfeet Archives and Library Project
By Woody Kipp, Wednesday, June 25, 2008 10:07 AM MDT

A long awaited project has finally gotten off the ground with the determination of Blackfeet Tribal Council Chairman Earl Old Person and several other Councilmen including Edwin Little Plume, Ronald Kittson, Rodney Gervais, Pat Thomas and Roger Running Crane. The Blackfeet Archives and Library Project opened its doors Nov. 4, 2007, and has since been sorting through the Tribe's governmental and historical documents. In the very near future the information will be available for anyone wishing to research the Blackfeet Tribe's governmental history as well as retrieve family photos, do genealogical research and retrieve newspaper and other articles about the Blackfeet Tribe.

Since losing everything in an office fire in the early 1960s, the Blackfeet Tribe has not had a formal archives department with which to track the progress of the Blackfeet Tribe, its people, triumphs and defeats. The archives will contain valuable information about our ancestors, our leaders, our reservation, and the Blackfeet people in general, which may not have been preserved in any other location, but will come alive with the archives.

With this project, Blackfeet Archives will provide several million pages of vital record data and photographs, which will be available for the world to view. "In my mind, this collection will be as valuable as any history book because it contains information about the entire Blackfeet Tribe, including our government," said Chairman Earl Old Person. Vice Chairman Roger Running Crane added, "I'm enthused about the project because of the increased access to information it will allow."

Once the material from Blackfeet Archives has been launched, the data will be available on a website for people to access. The first release of data will include the 1982 Claims documents, which contains an enormous amount of tribal history. Subsequent data releases will contain treaties, tribal ordinances, resolutions, Tribal Councilperson biographies, family genealogy, and other data that identifies what the Blackfeet Tribe is. Links to other Blackfeet records will also be available on the website.

For more information on Blackfeet Archives and Library, contact the Blackfeet Tribe at (406) 338-5194.

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ENV: Echo Parakeet

Conservationist to aid parrots in peril
Science Centric | 23 June 2008 14:52 GMT

A once critically endangered species of parrot now under threat from a highly contagious virus may be offered a renewed chance of survival by a conservationist at the University of Kent.

Dr Jim Groombridge, Lecturer in Biodiversity Conservation at the University's Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), has been awarded GBP215,594 from the Leverhulme Trust to lead a three-year project that aims to determine what factors drive the Mauritius parakeet's susceptibility to infection, and in particular the spread of the highly contagious (and often lethal) parrot-specific virus Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFD) that has recently infected this endangered parrot.

This project is all the more important given that the once widespread population of the Mauritius parakeet (Psittacula echo) fell to just 12 individuals by 1987, following a century of habitat loss and competition from the introduced ringneck parakeet. However, following a highly successful avian restoration programme, numbers of Mauritian parakeets eventually recovered to 350 birds (resulting in its downgrading from critically endangered to endangered) but in 2004 an outbreak of PBFD threatened this still recovering population.

Alongside its principal aim of providing important guidance for managing the disease-problems encountered by this endangered parrot, the project will also provide equally important guidance for managing infectious disease in species conservation programmes worldwide. In addition, it will provide a rare opportunity to study the epidemiology of infectious disease as extensive data is available from 20 years of careful monitoring of both the Mauritius parakeet and a closely related, introduced species of parakeet.

Dr Groombridge's partners on the project are: Dr Owen Lyne, Institute of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of Kent; Dr Chris Faulkes, Queen Mary, University of London; Dr Andrew Greenwood, International Zoo Veterinary Group, UK; and Dr Carl Jones, Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust and the Mauritius Wildlife Foundation on Mauritius.

The dramatic success story of the Mauritius parakeets' rescue from extinction (one of the few remaining endemic parrots in the Indian Ocean) is the direct result of coordinated efforts and long-term support of the Mauritius Wildlife Foundation, The World Parrot Trust, the UK's International Zoo Veterinary Group and the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust in Jersey.

Dr Groombridge said: 'This project will integrate epidemiology and immunogenetics within an important and high-profile parrot recovery programme managed by the Mauritius Wildlife Foundation - an organisation that has gained a worldwide reputation for its success in restoring critically endangered species from the brink of extinction. Funding by The Leverhulme Trust will provide a much needed inter-disciplinary platform to examine how avian diseases can be effectively managed for the long-term.'

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Monday, June 23, 2008

MSC: News from Denice Franke

FINALLY, we have launched the new Denice Franke website! Check it out at (including photos from me!).

We hope you like the new look. There are a couple of new features - we've added an Archive Photo page (get to it from the Photos link). We will be adding more photos over the next few weeks. We haven't had a chance to label all of the photos or give photo credits yet but we are working on it.

You'll also notice a new Video page with some archive videos (Denice with Lyle Lovett and Nanci Griffith back in the mid-80s) and a couple of performances from Denice's recent tour in the Netherlands as well.

For venues and promoters, we have an updated EPK (electronic press kit) with new promo pics and a new downloadable poster. We also have an anonymously written piece about Gulf Coast Blue and a wonderful biographical piece written by freelance writer Lynn Adler (co-proprieter of noted live music venue Crossroads Coffeehouse & Music Co in Winnsboro, Texas, and one half of the duo Adler & Hearne).

DENICE'S NEW RECORD, Gulf Coast Blue, produced by Mark Hallman, will be released August 5! You can pre-order on the Store page of the website. (Thanks to the folks at the ConneXtion.) You can hear sound bites of the tracks by visiting the Music or EPK page.

WE ARE HAPPY TO ANNOUNCE the first CD Pre-Release show will be close to home at Anderson Fair in Houston, Texas, on Saturday, August 2, so mark your calendars! There are several other releases planned around Texas in Austin (Aug 8), Dallas (Aug 15), Winnsboro (Aug 16), and La Grange (Aug 23). For more details or for a complete schedule of all of Denice's dates, please visit the tour page at

If you would like to host a concert or have Denice play a venue near you, please contact us at We are finalizing the '08 dates and booking '09 now.

MANY thanks to Sue Peete who has worked so hard to get the website ready for the new release. We also want to thank Tammy Peete for her help with the site as well. A very special thanks to Bill Peete who left us way too soon but who together with Sue made Gulf Coast Blue a reality.

And thanks to all of you for your continued support of Denice's music. Let us know what you think of the new site (comments can be posted on the Guestbook).

the folks at

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ATH: CONCACAF Qualifying


The groups are set for the next stage of CONCACAF World Cup Qualifying, with El Salvador and Trinidad & Tobago overcoming first leg losses to advance on Sunday.

El Salvador beat Panama 3-1 to win 3-2 on aggregate. Trinidad & Tobago beat Bermuda 2-0 to take the series 3-2 on aggregate. Cuba beat Antigua and Barbuda 4-0, 8-3 on aggregate. Haiti took a 1-0 aggregate win over the Netherlands Antilles courtesy of an own goal. Suriname beat Guyana 2-1, 3-1 on aggregate.

Group 1
Trinidad and Tobago

Group 2

Group 3

Costa Rica
El Salvador

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OBT: George Carlin!

This is a huge chunk of childhood, and formative years, and personal thought processing, and just a part of my being gone . . .

Comedian George Carlin dies at 71
Anti-Establishment icon gained fame with his ‘Seven Dirty Words’ routine
BREAKING NEWS, updated 48 minutes ago

LOS ANGELES - Comedian George Carlin, a counter-culture hero famed for his routines about drugs and dirty words, died of heart failure at a Los Angeles-area hospital on Sunday, a spokesman said. He was 71.

Carlin, who had a history of heart and drug-dependency problems, died at Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica about 6 p.m. PDT after being admitted earlier in the afternoon for chest pains, spokesman Jeff Abraham told Reuters.

Known for his edgy, provocative material, Carlin achieved status as an anti-Establishment icon in the 1970s with stand-up bits full of drug references and a routine called “Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television.” A regulatory battle over a radio broadcast of the routine ultimately reached the U.S. Supreme Court.

In the 1978 case, Federal Communications Commission vs. Pacifica Foundation, the top U.S. court ruled that the words cited in Carlin’s routine were indecent, and that the government’s broadcast regulator could ban them from being aired at times when children might be listening.

Carlin’s comedic sensibility often came back to a central theme: humanity is doomed.

“I don’t have any beliefs or allegiances. I don’t believe in this country, I don’t believe in religion, or a god, and I don’t believe in all these man-made institutional ideas,” he told Reuters in a 2001 interview.

Carlin, who wrote several books and performed in many television comedy specials, is survived by his wife Sally Wade, and daughter Kelly Carlin McCall.

Comedian George Carlin dies at 71
Anti-establishment icon gained fame with his ‘Seven Dirty Words’ routine

SANTA MONICA, Calif. - George Carlin, the frenzied performer whose routine “Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television” led to a key Supreme Court ruling on obscenity, has died.

Carlin, who had a history of heart trouble, went into St. John’s Health Center in Santa Monica on Sunday afternoon complaining of chest pain and died later that evening, said his publicist, Jeff Abraham. He had performed as recently as last weekend at the Orleans Casino and Hotel in Las Vegas. He was 71.

“He was a genius and I will miss him dearly,” Jack Burns, who was the other half of a comedy duo with Carlin in the early 1960s, told The Associated Press.

Carlin’s jokes constantly breached the accepted boundaries of comedy and language, particularly with his routine on the “Seven Words” — all of which are taboo on broadcast TV and radio to this day.

When he uttered all seven at a show in Milwaukee in 1972, he was arrested on charges of disturbing the peace, freed on $150 bail and exonerated when a Wisconsin judge dismissed the case, saying it was indecent but citing free speech and the lack of any disturbance.

When the words were later played on a New York radio station, they resulted in a 1978 Supreme Court ruling upholding the government’s authority to sanction stations for broadcasting offensive language during hours when children might be listening.

“So my name is a footnote in American legal history, which I’m perversely kind of proud of,” he told The Associated Press earlier this year.

First host of "Saturday Night Live"
Despite his reputation as unapologetically irreverent, Carlin was a television staple through the decades, serving as host of the “Saturday Night Live” debut in 1975 — noting on his Web site that he was “loaded on cocaine all week long” — and appearing some 130 times on “The Tonight Show.”

He produced 23 comedy albums, 14 HBO specials, three books, a couple of TV shows and appeared in several movies, from his own comedy specials to “Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure” in 1989 — a testament to his range from cerebral satire and cultural commentary to downright silliness (and sometimes hitting all points in one stroke).

“Why do they lock gas station bathrooms?” he once mused. “Are they afraid someone will clean them?”

He won four Grammy Awards, each for best spoken comedy album, and was nominated for five Emmy awards. On Tuesday, it was announced that Carlin was being awarded the 11th annual Mark Twain Prize for American Humor, which will be presented Nov. 10 in Washington and broadcast on PBS.

Carlin started his career on the traditional nightclub circuit in a coat and tie, pairing with Burns to spoof TV game shows, news and movies. Perhaps in spite of the outlaw soul, “George was fairly conservative when I met him,” said Burns, describing himself as the more left-leaning of the two. It was a degree of separation that would reverse when they came upon Lenny Bruce, the original shock comic, in the early ’60s.

“We were working in Chicago, and we went to see Lenny, and we were both blown away,” Burns said, recalling the moment as the beginning of the end for their collaboration if not their close friendship. “It was an epiphany for George. The comedy we were doing at the time wasn’t exactly groundbreaking, and George knew then that he wanted to go in a different direction.”

That direction would make Carlin as much a social commentator and philosopher as comedian, a position he would relish through the years.

Taking on 'obscenity'
“The whole problem with this idea of obscenity and indecency, and all of these things — bad language and whatever — it’s all caused by one basic thing, and that is: religious superstition,” Carlin told the AP in a 2004 interview. “There’s an idea that the human body is somehow evil and bad and there are parts of it that are especially evil and bad, and we should be ashamed. Fear, guilt and shame are built into the attitude toward sex and the body. ... It’s reflected in these prohibitions and these taboos that we have.”

Carlin was born on May 12, 1937, and grew up in the Morningside Heights section of Manhattan, raised by a single mother. After dropping out of high school in the ninth grade, he joined the Air Force in 1954. He received three court-martials and numerous disciplinary punishments, according to his official Web site.

While in the Air Force he started working as an off-base disc jockey at a radio station in Shreveport, La., and after receiving a general discharge in 1957, took an announcing job at WEZE in Boston.

“Fired after three months for driving mobile news van to New York to buy pot,” his Web site says.

From there he went on to a job on the night shift as a deejay at a radio station in Fort Worth, Texas. Carlin also worked variety of temporary jobs including a carnival organist and a marketing director for a peanut brittle.

Getting his break on Jack Paar
In 1960, he left with Burns, a Texas radio buddy, for Hollywood to pursue a nightclub career as comedy team Burns & Carlin. He left with $300, but his first break came just months later when the duo appeared on Jack Paar’s “Tonight Show.”

Carlin said he hoped to emulate his childhood hero, Danny Kaye, the kindly, rubber-faced comedian who ruled over the decade Carlin grew up in — the 1950s — with a clever but gentle humor reflective of the times.

It didn’t work for him, and the pair broke up by 1962.

“I was doing superficial comedy entertaining people who didn’t really care: Businessmen, people in nightclubs, conservative people. And I had been doing that for the better part of 10 years when it finally dawned on me that I was in the wrong place doing the wrong things for the wrong people,” Carlin reflected recently as he prepared for his 14th HBO special, “It’s Bad For Ya.”

Eventually Carlin lost the buttoned-up look, favoring the beard, ponytail and all-black attire for which he came to be known.

But even with his decidedly adult-comedy bent, Carlin never lost his childlike sense of mischief, even voicing kid-friendly projects like episodes of the TV show “Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends” and the spacey Volkswagen bus Fillmore in the 2006 Pixar hit “Cars.”

Carlin’s first wife, Brenda, died in 1997. He is survived by wife Sally Wade; daughter Kelly Carlin McCall; son-in-law Bob McCall; brother Patrick Carlin; and sister-in-law Marlene Carlin.

Carlin's 'seven words' have lost their sting
None of the terms are alien to cable; only one retains power to shock
The Associated Press, updated 6:12 p.m. CT, Mon., June. 23, 2008

NEW YORK - More than 30 years after George Carlin pronounced “Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television,” some of those words have lost their sting.

Some of those words still aren’t welcome on the public airwaves (or, for that matter, in print) and they are still being debated in the courts.

But you can hear those words voiced in everyday discourse more than ever.

Carlin, who died Sunday at age 71, observed in his routine: “We have thoughts, but thoughts are fluid. Then we assign a word to a thought and we’re stuck with that word for that thought — so be careful with words.”

Good advice.

Carlin’s seven words, he would caution ironically, “are the ones that’ll infect your soul, curve your spine, and keep the country from winning the war.”

Or course, times — and wars — have changed. At least one of Carlin’s words (a rude term for urine) wouldn’t raise an eyebrow on much of broadcast TV now.

Meanwhile, none of them is alien to premium cable. For many viewers, hearing those Words You Can’t Say On Television being said on television helps make pay cable worth paying for.

Those words were heard on television in 1977, on Carlin’s first HBO comedy special.

They fall into predictable categories: bodily waste; sexual acts (both socially acceptable and frowned upon); and female body parts.

“When he used those words he wasn’t just trying to shock,” said Richard Zoglin, who wrote about Carlin in his recent book, “Comedy at the Edge: How Standup in the 1970s Changed America.”

“He was trying to make a statement that’s familiar today, but wasn’t so familiar back then: ’Why do we have this irrational fear of words?”’

Of this Magnificent Seven, only one, which refers to the female anatomy, retains the power to jolt nearly anyone within earshot. On an HBO sitcom a couple of years ago, the angry husband used this word to insult his wife. It nearly wrecked their marriage. More tellingly, the studio audience emitted an audible gasp.

No swearing during World War II!
Premium cable, and even basic cable, have far more freedom with content than broadcast programming, which is carried on public airwaves by stations licensed by the Federal Communications Commission.

For broadcast, The Words are actually words the FCC says can’t be heard before 10 p.m. — when the “safe harbor” for young viewers applies. But exactly what those words are, and under what circumstances they may be permissible, is currently unclear.

“The networks are being careful, because even in this kind of flux, you don’t want to push too far,” said T. Barton Carter, Boston University professor of communications and law. “Vagueness and inconsistencies in regulation can have a chilling effect on broadcasters.”

The picture is further muddied by the fact that 80 to 90 percent of viewers get all their programming (from broadcast stations as well as cable networks) through their cable or satellite subscription, Carter added. Different indecency standards apply to channels whose difference is often undetectable to the audience.

The uncertain regulatory climate led to PBS distributing two versions of the Ken Burns documentary series “The War” last fall. Stations could choose the original version, or opt for a sanitized version of World War II, one that was free of any Words You’d Be Safer Not Saying On Television.

The FCC changed its policy on indecency following a January 2003 broadcast of the Golden Globes awards show by NBC when U2 lead singer Bono uttered the phrase “f------ brilliant.” The FCC said the “f-word” in any context “inherently has a sexual connotation” and can trigger enforcement.” That case has yet to be resolved.

Recently the U.S Supreme Court has entered a legal fight over curse words aired by Fox in 2002 and 2003 on the live broadcasts of “The Billboard Music Awards.” Cher used the phrase, “F--- ’em.” And Nicole Richie said, “Have you ever tried to get cow s--- out of a Prada purse? It’s not so f------ simple.”

Scheduled to be heard by the Supreme Court this fall, the case would decide whether the government can ban “fleeting expletives,” one-time uses of familiar but profane words.

Dropping an “f-bomb” on a broadcast won’t automatically blast open the floodgates, said Tim Winter, president of Parents Television Council, but he warned, “It’s a slow accumulation. First it’s once every several months. Then it becomes once a month. Then it becomes once a night.”

“That’s our concern for some of the words that are at issue here,” said Winter, who’s also an avowed George Carlin fan: “It’s unfortunate that a brilliant comedian like George Carlin is a poster child for the lawsuits that are out there.”

Carlin’s razor-sharp humor was universal
Comedian was part observational guru, part social critic, and a bit dopey
COMMENTARY By Michael Ventre, MSNBC contributor, updated 10:46 a.m. CT, Mon., June. 23, 2008

In the realm of stand-up comedy, there is nothing more objectionable than one comic swiping the material of another. It is an industry taboo, which could result in a drink in the face or a prop in the groin.

But kids get to steal for free. I was one of them. And the man I stole from most often was George Carlin.

While other youngsters were occupied with math homework or flipping baseball cards, I was memorizing bits from my favorite comedians and performing them for friends. It was like a traveling nightclub, without alcohol and hecklers. I would pilfer from such notables as Cheech & Chong, Bill Cosby, Robin Williams, Bill Dana, Redd Foxx, Steve Martin, Nipsey Russell and others. I never got paid, but I never got booed, either.

While all of the material I chose usually got laughs, the Carlin stuff was gold. There was just something about where his mind went that brought about instant glee. He was part observational guru and part social critic, with a good deal of dopey maniac thrown in.

Did you ever notice that the thing you hold onto on the escalator moves just a little bit faster than the steps? He did. I used that. It killed.

Are you familiar with the hippy dippy weatherman’s forecast for tonight? Dark.

George’s comedy was accessible and universal. And there was a lot of it. He had been working the clubs, radio and television, and making recordings for more than 50 years before he passed away Sunday of heart failure. He had an archive of hilarity that was vast and rich, and any self-respecting adolescent or teenager who didn’t steal from him was just looking to be made fun of.

The words we choose say a lot about us. Here is a portion of a speech from an anti-pornography crusader:

“Our thrust is to prick holes in the stiff front erected by the smut dealers. We must keep mounting an offensive to penetrate any crack in his defenses. Let’s get on him. Let’s ram through a stiff bail law so it will be hard for him to get it up. It’ll be hard on us, but we can’t lick it by being soft!”

Believe it or not, I still use that one today.

Seven words you can't say on a family Web site
The one routine that I didn’t hijack from George was the one he is probably most famous for, “The Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television.” Unfortunately, all seven can’t be said on a family Web site, either, so I’ll let the YouTube explorers and the Google-meisters look for it directly, or more accurately, the ones who don’t already know it by heart.

That routine set him apart because it was the Lenny Bruce chapter of his life. While Bruce was crusading for his right to say anything he wanted in public and became increasingly bitter as the authorities made his life miserable, Carlin was observing and was even present as an audience member and taken away with Bruce during one arrest.

That was the seasoning his comedy needed to make him the George Carlin we all knew and loved. Before that he had meandered around on TV and in clubs as the goofy nut. Yet quickly his comedy would also take on social relevance.

In 1973, a man complained to the FCC about the “Seven Words” being broadcast on public airwaves. He was worried his son could hear such language. I sometimes fantasize that his son grew up to be Andrew Dice Clay, but I have no proof of that.

The Supreme Court ruled, 5-4, that the FCC could indeed regulate such material on the airwaves. No matter. It was a victory for George in a way because it brought focus to his career and said to the world, “Hey, this guy’s a riot!”

He didn’t absolutely need that, of course. You could just look at him and realize that. He had one of those faces that, when contorted slightly, put you in stitches. He’d raise an eyebrow and you’d chuckle. He’d bug his eyes out in mock surprise and you’d guffaw.

And I would do the same. The same gestures. The same expressions. The same irreverence. I never became a stand-up comedian – one UCLA Extension class with veteran Stanley Myron Handelman (who passed away last August) impressed upon me that it isn’t so easy – but I entertained a lot of schoolmates, and later even some adults.

I do know that there were others like me out there who did go on to have incredible careers in comedy or in a field in which comedy was essential, and George Carlin was the chicken stock from which their silly soup was made. In fact, I would go so far as to say that just about any successful standup who grew up from the 1960s onward had to be impacted in some way by George’s work, either by comedic osmosis or direct heisting of gags.

Bill Cosby was hugely influential as well, but he never courted controversy. He was as bright and as clever as George. He just wasn’t as crazy.

Something tells me that the wild man inside George, the one who indulged in backstage excess as a younger performer, was responsible for his passing too soon. He was only 71. George Burns made it to 100 before he went, and he was cracking lines to the very end.

I wish George could have hung around longer. There are many more customs to be skewered, many more prominent citizens to be lampooned.

There was a freak accident on the highway. Six freaks in a van hit two freaks in a Volkswagen.

Who am I going to steal from now?

Carlin to be first posthumous Twain honoree
Comedian was recently chosen to be the 11th recipient of prestigious award
Reuters, updated 5:42 p.m. CT, Mon., June. 23, 2008

LOS ANGELES - The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts said on Monday it would go ahead with plans to present its Mark Twain Prize for American Humor to the late George Carlin, making him the first comedian so honored posthumously.

Carlin, the counter-culture figure famed for his provocative stand-up routines on such subjects as profanity, drugs and the demise of humankind, died on Sunday at age 71 after complaining of heart problems earlier in the day.

The Kennedy Center had only announced days before that Carlin was selected as the 11th recipient of its prestigious Mark Twain award, an honor bestowed annually at a black-tie gala televised on the Public Broadcasting Service network PBS.

"He was thrilled that he was chosen ... and today was the day we were supposed to talk on the phone about potential guests," said Mark Krantz, an executive producer of the show. "So he was very much into it and was already agreeing to do some press, and we were getting ready to get the nuts and bolts worked out when this terrible thing happened."

After consulting with Carlin's family and PBS, the Kennedy Center decided to go forward with the ceremony as scheduled on November 10. The show, taped at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C., will air on PBS at a date to be announced.

Last year's honoree was actor-comedian Billy Crystal. The first in 1998, was Richard Pryor, the only other recipient who is now deceased. Others have included Whoopi Goldberg, Lily Tomlin, Bob Newhart, Steve Martin, playwright Neil Simon and "Saturday Night Live" producer Lorne Michaels.

For Carlin's ceremony, producers will stick with the usual format described by Krantz as "a funny celebration of a career," with friends and peers telling stories and anecdotes and introducing clips of his work.

"He has a 50-year career to look back on," Krantz said. "He was the first host of 'Saturday Night Live.' He did 130 Johnny Carson shows, he did 13 or more HBO specials, he's won four Grammys."

The Mark Twain prize is named for the 19th-century novelist, essayist and humorist whose given name was Samuel Clemens, author of such classics as "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" and "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn."

Contrary to Carlin's cantankerous stage persona, Krantz said the comedian was a "nice guy, and very Mark Twain-like in his observations."

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Friday, June 20, 2008

ATH: Boo Hiss

Man United defiant that it will not lose Ronaldo
Club says it's 'not listening to offers,' despite star wanting to leave
The Associated Press, updated 11:24 a.m. CT, Fri., June. 20, 2008

MANCHESTER, England - Manchester United defiantly vowed to block Cristiano Ronaldo’s move to Real Madrid after the Portugal winger stated his desire to advance his career by leaving Old Trafford.

Ronaldo said there was a “great” possibility he will move to Real and plans to give more details about the “dream” move over the weekend.

But United issued a statement Friday — described on its Web site as a “defiant message” — stressing its prized asset won’t be sold: “United are not listening to offers.”

It was an additional setback for Ronaldo, who also said he requires surgery on his right foot.

“I will be seen by the doctors of United in a couple of days,” he said. “Then in three or four days I will be operated. ... I have had for three months a problem on my foot. I have been playing with pain.”

The 23-year-old Ronaldo also implied United would find it difficult to reject a windfall from Real, which would have to better the world record fee of $65 million it paid for Zinedine Zidane in 2001.

“It is always difficult,” said Ronaldo, who scored 42 goals in helping the Red Devils win the English and European titles last season. “It is not only one person deciding, it is many people, but it can be a very good thing for everybody.”

But almost four years remain on his United contract, and manager Alex Ferguson has said the team’s American owners, the Glazer family, would prefer to banish players like Ronaldo to the stands rather than sell them.

Ronaldo also has risked fermenting a feud between Ferguson and Luiz Felipe Scolari by disclosing the Portugal coach, who takes charge at Chelsea on July 1, was the inspiration behind his transfer decision.

“It is a dream, a step forward,” Ronaldo was quoted as saying Friday on Spanish journalist Guillem Balague’s Web site. “For me it is a great opportunity, and as Scolari says, that train passes by only once, and we have to take advantage of it.

“That is why, he took advantage of his change, that opportunity, and other people have to take advantage of opportunities too.”

Ronaldo hasn’t spoken to Ferguson during the European Championship.

“I don’t know what I have to say to (Ferguson), I have to say what I want and what I think,” Ronaldo said after Portugal was knocked out of the Euro 2008 quarterfinals by Germany on Thursday night. “It is my opinion, that is why I don’t mind if people get upset. It is my decision. It is what I want.

“I am going to give my opinion in two days. I am going to say what I want, but things don’t depend only on me, that is why we have to wait.”

Ferguson has been infuriated by Real’s persistent attempts to lure Ronaldo to the Spanish capital. But his official protests to FIFA were rejected, with football’s governing body ruling that no regulations had been broken.

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COM: Final two nights for Singin' in the Rain

Great show is down to its final two stagings at Cailloux Theatre. Singin' in the Rain, starring Austin Owen, Tara Pannell and Jake Asbury is something i can absolutely recommend. Austin is an old friend, was fantastic here several years ago in shows like Big River, and has gone on to national acclaim in two years of playing the lead in the National Tour of The Producers. He recorded his fantastic new CD here at the Ranch studio. In addition to being a phenomenal talent, he is just a wonderful, wonderful human being. Combined i think he's perfect for the role, and also as a mentor at the Playhouse Theatre Academy.And Jake Asbury and Tara Pannell, new on my local theatre map, are sensational.Then there's a bunch of other fine people i know in this show too including almost all the amazing Academy kids, Brian Bondy, Jessica Roberts, Neill Day, Phil Kuhlman, Kaleb Dworsky, and Dale Green, star of my new short film. It's wonderfully directed by Heather Cunningham. Please fit a show date into your schedule, you won't regret it.

Here's a Facebook Event Page with more details:

and here's a great clip of rehearsal, just to give you a taste:

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COM: Robin Hood Opens Tonight!

Robin Hood opening tonight on The Point Theatre stage -- cast including many of our friends, castmatesm and great people, including Irec Hargrove, Graydon Vaught, Sarah Tacey, Alan Zaizar, Jeff Scott, Emily Houghton, Roslyn Houghton, Ryan Batley, Devin Anderson, Luke Cummings, Daniel Miller, Jerry Mertz, Evans Johnson, and probably some others i can't recall right now. There is an amazing set designed and built by Jim Weisman, who also directed. First show tonight at 8:30 p.m.

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Thursday, June 19, 2008

ENV: Fish Tag Journey

Fish tag flies from Oregon to New Zealand
BirdLife, 16-06-2008

A small electronic tag that was implanted in a Steelhead Salmon Oncorhynchus mykiss at the USFWS Columbia River Hatchery (USA) has been discovered in New Zealand. Because Steelhead Salmon do not migrate across the equator, the best theories about the tag’s travels involves Sooty Shearwaters Pufinus griseus.

The tiny device was noticed by Maori hunter Dale Whaitiri on Mokonui Island, one of the Titi Islands (New Zealand). Shearwaters nest in burrows among tree roots on the island, and are known locally as Titi or Muttonbirds. The tag was recorded two years earlier as young steelhead smolts were passing the Bonneville Dam, on the Columbia River – 10,170 km from Mokonui!

Scientists think that the fish may have been eaten by a shearwater that was scavenging fishery wastes behind a processing vessel in the north pacific. Steelhead Salmon are not a commercial species, but they are sometimes accidentally taken as by-catch. Alternatively, the fish may have been predated as it passed below one of the large shearwater flocks that frequent the mouth of the Columbia River.

Sooty Shearwaters breed on islands off New Zealand, Australia, Chile and the Falkland Islands. They undertake annual journeys of up to 60,000 km during their migration period. Birds fly from their breeding colonies to northern wintering sites in Japan, Alaska or California. This brings the shearwaters into contact with Steelhead Salmon.

Sooty Shearwaters are classified as Near Threatened because they have undergone a moderately rapid decline owing to the impact of fisheries, the harvesting of its young and possibly climate change. In New Zealand, the number of burrows in the largest colony declined by 37% between 1969-1971 and 1996-2000.

Harvesting of young birds currently accounts for the loss a quarter of a million birds annually, but is unlikely to account for the full scale of the decline. Longline fishing is responsible for a large numbers of Sooty Shearwater deaths, along with many other seabird species such as albatrosses.

Ben Lascelles, BirdLife’s Marine IBA Research Officer, said “The epic journeys undertaken by Sooty Shearwaters illustrates how conserving seabirds is an international challenge. Seabirds don’t respect country borders!”

The IBAs Programme of BirdLife International seeks to identify and conserve sites that are critical for the long-term viability of bird populations. The Global Seabird Programme and a number of BirdLife Partners are taking the lead on identifying marine IBAs. “Marine IBAs will make a vital contribution to current global initiatives to gain greater protection and sustainable management of the oceans”, commented Ben.

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NAT: Language Preservation

American Indians work to preserve their languages

In the Lakota language, a single word expresses the awe and connectedness with nature that some feel looking at the Northern Lights. In Euchee, the language makes no distinction between humans and other animals, though it does differentiate between Euchee people and non-Euchee.

And the Koasati language of Louisiana provides no word for goodbye, since time is seen as more cyclical than linear. To end a conversation, you would say something like: "This was good."

More than 300 American-Indian languages flourished in North America at the time of Columbus, each carrying a unique way of understanding the world.

And despite an often-brutal campaign to stamp them out, more than half of those languages have survived, including the Delaware Valley's Lenape, though the pool of speakers has dwindled.

Can they be saved? Last month, representatives from Indian groups around the country met with linguists and other academics in Philadelphia to see what they could accomplish together.

"We're talking about an emergency situation," said Richard Grounds, a speaker of the Euchee language and co-organiser of the meeting, held at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology.

The youngest person to grow up speaking Euchee as a first language is now 78, said Grounds, a professor at the University of Tulsa. The rest are in their 80s.

Grounds learned from his own family how Indian languages were systematically squelched. His grandmother, he said, grew up speaking Euchee, but, as a teenager, was forced into an English-only boarding school where teachers would wash her mouth out with soap when she uttered a word of her native tongue.

In the last few years, he has been racing to coax all the words and wisdom he can from tribal elders.

And yet, at the meeting, a number of young people spoke and even sang in Euchee, Lenape, Miccosukke, Lakota, Miami and other endangered languages - something that Grounds said gave him hope.

The situation in North America is part of a worldwide erosion of language diversity. At stake are not just words. For native communities, language embeds traditions, religion, medicine and geography, as well as a more general way of seeing the world.

"It's not only about the use of (medicinal) plants, et cetera, carried in a language," said Grounds, "but literally ways people have of knowing themselves".

Some languages, for example, have no way to give directions using left and right, because their speakers navigate with a less self-centred view of the world than we do, said Leanne Hinton, a linguist at the University of California, Los Angeles. They think more in terms of local geography.

Ryan Wilson, a member of the Oglala Sioux tribe, said the quality his people value most in a man is something like courage, but includes a degree of independence and perseverance. It has no direct English translation, and with the word may go the idea and the reason it once mattered.

Wilson, who is president of the National Alliance to Save Native Languages, said there was also a word that describes the feeling that you cannot live without someone. It is similar to love, but something is lost in that translation.

Languages seem to be going extinct just like species of plants and animals. That comparison holds up pretty well, except that languages can occasionally be brought back to life.

Growing up in Ohio, Daryl Baldwin said he was told that the language of his Miami tribe was already extinct, but he did not accept that. As an adult, he set about digging up all available records and teaching himself.

"It changed the way I thought," he said about learning the language after 29 years of speaking nothing but English.

The Miami language contains wisdom about which foods are healthful - something that today might have helped Indians avoid being disproportionately affected by Type 2 diabetes, Baldwin said. Today, he's working to perpetuate the language as director of a program called the Myaamia Project at Ohio's Miami University.

In the Maskoke language, time and space are seen very differently from Western perception, said Marcus Briggs-Cloud, who is a member of the Maskoke Nation of Florida and a theology graduate student at Harvard. In English, time is more linear, whereas it's more cyclical in Maskoke. There's a cyclical nature to space as well, and some ceremonies focus on the renewal of space.

While the academics see these languages as windows into the human mind, the American Indians see them as a way to reconnect to their heritage and to the ancestors who used them.

"In the next few years, my tribal community will either see our language restored to a new generation, or we will bury it forever in the grave of our last few elderly speakers," said Jacob Manatowa-Bailey, of the Oklahoma-based Sauk language.

Although they seem to have common needs, Grounds said, the academic linguists interested in American-Indian language have not always worked in the best interests of the people they study. The academics use funds to catalogue and dissect languages that might have been used to revive them, he said, and linguists sometimes compete for access to the few remaining elders, whose time might be better-spent teaching the language to young people who would use it.

As a member of the Euchee tribe and a historian of religion with a doctorate from the Princeton Theological Seminary, Grounds straddles both worlds. Some of the problem, he said, is a defeatist attitude, in which academics think the best they can do is catalogue languages that are destined to die. "For the community point of view," he said, "this doesn't have much value".

One of the most endangered languages is Lenape - once the dominant language of what's now eastern Pennsylvania, Delaware and parts of New York and New Jersey. While a few Lenape people remained in this area, most were forced to scatter in various directions - westward to Oklahoma and north into Ontario - and only a tiny fraction of those identifying themselves as Lenape continued to speak the language.

The conference brought Lenape from diverse places. Some of those coming from Canada said they didn't know until relatively recently that there were other Lenape still living in the Delaware Valley.
Shelly DePaul, a teacher and musician in Kunkletown, Pennsylvania, said she was one of just three fluent Lenape speakers left in the state. But now, she said, they are joining forces with Lenape from elsewhere to teach the language to children.

"There didn't seem to be a lot of hope a few decades ago, but now things are reviving," she said. "It's very exciting."

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ATH: Schellas Hyndmann at FC Dallas

Hyndman And Ellinger
By J Hutcherson

We all know that the fine folks of Frisco must be entertained, and that's what makes FC Dallas's belabored coaching change all the more odd. The Schellas Hyndman in the lead and John Ellinger in support tandem might as well pretend that they've never heard of Mo Johnston, Bob Gansler, and that other FC.

Instead, they should be firmly focused on the little things like the four points and a game difference between themselves and first place in the West. Steve Morrow has gifted them a team that doesn't necessarily need even a minor revamp to contend, though they can operate with that easy excuse in place.

With the squad talking about a need for direction, any competent coach should be able to impress that quickly. The obvious is turning their tendency for one goal losses into at least draws. With the obvious exception of the Sunday that got him fired, Morrow's version of Dallas kept games close.

Kenny Cooper is playing like everybody's favorite National Team call-up candidate, the Dallas defense and keeper situation isn't the screaming issue it is at other clubs, and they have the position players to separate themselves from the problems in the West.

Again, this takes away a lot of the standard excuses coaches use when stepping in during the season. It's not their club. They need to go through a draft and a preseason to really get what they want out of a rebuilt squad. And so on.

Instead, Schellas Hyndman is in a somewhat unique position where he can make the big statement this season. Dallas should hold him to that. After all, they could've always opted against overreacting after that disappointment against the Galaxy.

from US National Team Players Association

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Wednesday, June 18, 2008

NAT: Apologies to Stolen Students

Canada to apologize to native students
Prime Minister Stephen Harper will seek to make amends for the schools that for a century plucked Indian children from their homes in order to wipe out their language and culture.
By Maggie Farley, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer

OTTAWA -- For eight years, Thomas Louttit was forced to attend a residential school whose mission was to "Christianize and civilize" Canada's native people. He doesn't remember much of what he learned, but he is keenly aware of what he lost.

"They gave us a number. That's all our name was. We didn't speak their language, and we were not allowed to speak ours," he said. Like other students, he said, he was sexually abused, a secret that filled him with shame and remained untold until many years later.

"You forget how to cry, you forget how to show your feelings," he said, staring out of his window. "We were never taught to say, 'I love you.' We were never taught to forgive."

Now, 12 years after the last residential school shut down, Canada is asking the 150,000 students and their descendants if it is indeed possible to forgive. On Wednesday, Prime Minister Stephen Harper will formally apologize to Canada's aboriginal people and declare his support for a truth and reconciliation commission.

A $1.9-billion compensation fund, created after the federal government settled a lawsuit in 2006, has already begun payouts. Every student is receiving some money; those who were abused are getting higher amounts. But some say the process may be more for the perpetrators than the victims.

"The important thing is that they own up to what they did, admit that it is unconscionable, and it was genocide," said Roland Chrisjohn, the director of the Native Studies program at St. Thomas University in Saskatchewan, and a member of the Iroquois nation. "But they are afraid that such an admission would bring with it criminal liability."

Over a century, Canada's government and churches built 130 residential schools across the country. Childrenwere forcibly taken from their parents to instill mainstream language, culture and values. An Indian Affairs official in 1920 said the goal was "to kill the Indian in the child."

"Our object is to continue until there is not a single Indian in Canada that has not been absorbed . . . and there is no Indian question," wrote Duncan Campbell Scott, deputy superintendent general of the Indian Affairs department. Native rituals such as pow-wows were outlawed, and entire communities relocated.

A commission concluded in 1996 that the program indelibly damaged generations of aboriginal people and subverted their culture, prompting the last of the schools to be shut down. It outlined a program of healing and redress, but that has been a long time coming.

For Justice Harry LaForme, the chair of the newly formed Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the truth is now largely known; the real work will be in the reconciliation.

"Today, the idea that you could order the removal of a people from the fabric of a nation is a human rights violation of the first order," he said in an interview in the commission's new office across from Canada's Parliament. "In order to move forward, we need to listen to people's voices, to hear the 'whys' behind it, to write the missing chapter that everyone knows is there."

A Mississauga Indian, LaForme was the first aborigine to sit on an appellate court in Canada, where he has ruled in landmark cases to recognize same-sex marriage, and to legalize medicinal marijuana.

The commission, created under the terms of the lawsuit settlement, will hold seven national events and many more local ones involving church leaders, school survivors and government officials. LaForme says that unlike its South African model, the panel will leave "naming names" to civil courts.

One of the largest shifts in attitude has come from Canada's churches, which ran most of the schools and have since settled lawsuits for physical and sexual abuse.

"The 'good guys,' no matter how kindly or well intentioned, have to confront they were complicit in a system of evil," said Jamie Scott, the United Church of Canada officer for residential schools.

The United Church was one of the first to withdraw from the schools, in 1969, and in 1986 was the first of the churches to apologize. Between 1991 and 1994, the Oblates of Mary Immaculate from the Catholic Church, the Anglican Church and the Presbyterian Church also issued apologies. They have agreed to participate and donate to the commission. Scott said staff members have their own tales to tell.

"Many of the people who worked in those schools never beat a kid," he said. "They saw themselves called to help people they saw as marginalized. They have a side of the story too."

But the dominant narrative will probably be stories like Thomas Louttit's.

Louttit, 60, now an elder of the Moose Factory First Nation, tosses some tobacco leaves into the flames as an offering to the spirits, a gesture that was once against the law. He watches them burn, then turns the gas fireplace off with a switch, and begins his story.

When he was 5, he and his sister were taken from their home and put on a motorboat to Fort George on James Bay, a day's journey. Their parents weren't sure where they spent 10 months of the year, didn't know that they answered to numbers, did heavy labor, and were mentally and sexually abused in the school that was run by the Catholic Church.

"One summer after I went home, my father was calling and calling me," Louttit recalled. "I didn't answer him because I was not used to hearing my name. He asked what was the matter with me. I never told him."

Louttit said he passed that distance and dysfunction on to his children.

"I never knew how to bring up my kids," he said. "After I stopped drinking, I shared my stories with my daughter in a sacred circle. She said she had been miserable with my drinking and the violence. I told her I love her, and it took a long time for me to say that."

Louttit has made a point of instructing his community in the ways of the tribe and the world, taking boys to sweat lodges in the bush. He has kept his hair in a long, graying braid, and his eagle feather fan is close at hand.

"Many of my classmates have gone over to the spirit side. Seven committed suicide. I wish I could have found them first," he said.

On the day of Harper's apology, Louttit will be in the bush, unsure it will make a difference.

"It's not from him inside. Someone else wrote it for him," he said. "I will share my story to people who want to hear it. I will be comfortable to listen to theirs. But I wonder if they will really listen to ours.

"I think it's going to be a long journey."

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Tuesday, June 17, 2008

NAT: Canadian Native Languages Act

Official Languages Act passed
Yumimi Pang, Northern News Services

IQALUIT - A new Official Languages Act was passed in the Nunavut legislative assembly last week, but some remain concerned about the fate of the Inuit language.

While Bill 6, the Official Languages Act, lists Inuktitut and Innuinaqtun alongside French as English as Nunavut's official languages, James Eetoolook, first vice-president of Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., had hoped that it would have been read alongside Bill 7, the Inuit Language Protection Act.

"It was our preference that the Official Languages Act would not be passed without the Inuit Language Protection Act because the Official Language Act alone would have limited protection and advancement of the Inuit languages," said Eetoolook.

The Inuit Language Protection Act is scheduled to be reviewed in the fall sitting of the legislative assembly.

Acting Languages Commissioner Eva Aariak is glad the Official Languages Act has been passed.

"I really wanted this bill to be passed in this sitting so that at least we can get the ball rolling and start working on implementing it and informing the public about what it's all about," said Aariak.

The newly-passed act must be approved at the federal level before the territory can begin implementation.

Like Eetoolook, Aariak expressed concern that the Inuit Language Protection Act wasn't read alongside its parent bill.

"(The Inuit Language Protection Act) will greatly enhance the promotion and protection and use of our language so we won't have to complain about the erosion of our language anymore. Now is the time to start acting towards making a change," said Aariak.

Aariak expressed concerns of rumours that the Inuit Language Protection Act would be too costly to implement, and so the potential costs could be a deterrent to pass the bill.

"Does that mean that my culture and language is too expensive for my culture to implement? I don't think so," she said.

Aariak said although approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the territory's population speaks an Inuit language, erosion of language and culture is a very real possibility.

"If we don't do anything about promoting it and teaching it in the classroom, it can, within a family, be lost within one generation and that's scary," she said.

The Association des francophones du Nunavut expressed support for NTI's and the acting language commissioner's hopes for Bill 7.

"The (Official Languages) Act will protect not only the constitutional rights of the francophone community but also provide the long-needed recognition of the Inuit language. We hope that the legislative assembly will soon pass Bill 7, the Inuit (Language) Protection Act, to further equity within Nunavut society," stated association president Suzanne Laliberté in a press release.

Louis Tapardjuk, Minister of Culture, Language, Elders and Youth, said that it was important to pass the Official Languages Act prior to the Inuit Language Protection Act since the former requires federal approval.

"Before we introduced another piece of legislation, it was important to see passing of (the) Official Languages Act," he said.

The Inuit Language Protection Act would only require legislative approval to become law.

The Inuit Language Protection Act has been read twice in the legislative assembly and is now in the hands of the Ajauqtiit Standing Committee.

Tapardjuk said he hopes the bill will go to a third reading in the fall.

Tapardjuk added that he believes that the passing of Bill 6 is a good step in recognizing the territory and its languages.

"I think we've accomplished that. Now the next task for this government is to fulfil its mandate is to see the passage of Bill 7," he said.

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Monday, June 16, 2008

NAT: California Languages

Breath of Life for California's native languages
By Kathleen Maclay, Media Relations

BERKELEY – At a time when only about half of California's 90-plus indigenous languages have living speakers, a language conference being held this month at the University of California, Berkeley, may help tribal members become the first people to speak their endangered tribal languages in 50 years.

"Rather than one of sadness and anguish that the languages are dying, it is a time of hope that through the strength of will of our young people, the languages will stay alive and will thrive," said Sarah Supahan, director of the Indian Education and Native Language Program for the Klamath-Trinity Joint Unified School District in Northern California and a leader in California's native language revitalization efforts.

Leanne Hinton, UC Berkeley professor emeritus of linguistics, co-founder of the June 8-14 "Breath of Life" conference and author of the "How to Keep Your Language Alive" (2002) handbook, said that a key goal of the conference is to prepare participants to take their languages home and to help turn learning native languages - as a very first language - into a fundamental feature of Indian childhood.

"The school is great for language learning, but if a community really wants its language to be alive, it has to be using it at home," Hinton said. "The tribes are making progress, and there are people who are teaching it to kids at home."

Home instruction helps children to bond emotionally with their language, according to Hinton, whereas classroom learning reflects a more intellectual and dry approach.

To learn their native languages, a record 70 participants representing more than 30 different California Indian languages are signed up for the biennial conference, which began 14 years ago. Close to 500 people have attended one or more of the campus workshops. The conference is being sponsored by UC Berkeley's linguistics department and its Survey of California and Other Indian Languages research center and archive, in partnership with the non-profit group Advocates for Indigenous California Language Survival.

Supahan said she spoke recently with a tribal member who said "he kept thinking that someone would be there and would somehow - miraculously - teach him and others the language, but he's now realized that he has to step up and do it himself."

Paiute girls take a computer break at previous Breath of Life conference
Two Paiute girls, daughters of a 2004 "Breath of Life" participant, take a break to explore the computers in the Martin Luther King Jr. Student Union. Technology is considered to have played a role in assisting language revitalization efforts, particularly for tech-savvy youths. (Courtesy of Breath of Life)
Crystal Richardson of McKinleyville, Calif., said that, when she was born, there were about 20 speakers of Karuk who had learned it as their original language. By the time she was five years old, there were about 15. Now, she is in her 20s and there are 10 speakers or less. All California tribes are "going to be in the same boat pretty quickly," she said. Although Richardson had to cancel her planned attendance at the conference at the last minute, she said she is committed to continuing her Karuk language work.

California Indians benefit from a lot of exposure to what's happening with native languages in the state, according to Richardson. "We see different stages of loss and reclaiming (languages)," she said. "We all get that we're all fighting for the same thing."

To learn their languages, conference participants will work with mentors, including UC Berkeley linguistics faculty members and students, and utilize the rich materials in the campus archives. They will learn elementary vocabulary and useful phases as well as discover phonetic tools to aid in deciphering written records and audio recordings of their languages, and they will develop word lists and begin dictionaries.

They will explore UC Berkeley's extensive linguistic resources, including field notes, journals, and recordings on tape and wax cylinders. Their schedule includes field trips to the Survey of California and Other Indian Languages; the Hearst Museum of Anthropology and its comprehensive Native California collection; an archival information site at Doe Library; and the campus's Berkeley Language Center, which supports the learning and teaching of heritage and foreign languages.

The Berkeley Language Center has recordings in about 90 indigenous languages - most endangered or rare - and almost all of the audio tapes of music and language are available to the public online. Listeners can discover language treasures such as Klamath words for nature, foodstuffs and culture; stories, songs and conversations in Chumash; a Southern Sierra Miwok song and a story about chasing wild horses; and Central Pomo words and phrases for acorn mush preparation. Similarly rich holdings can be found in all the campus archives that the conference participants will visit.

"People at the conference learn how to find their way around the archives and how to search for what they need," said Hinton.

Richardson, who is majoring in anthropology and studio art and minoring in linguistics at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania, has used the UC Berkeley archives during two previous Breath of Life conferences to gain new grammatical knowledge of Karuk that she said helps her to use written materials to teach others. She also collected Karuk songs to bring home, learned information that helped her devise a curriculum for basket weaving classes to be taught in Karuk, and recorded a CD of a special "gathering song" for women that she shared with basket weaving teachers in her area.

With fewer and fewer California Indian languages that have even a handful of native speakers left, the campus's language documentation and related resources take on an even larger role in today's language revitalization efforts.

The conference finale on Saturday, June 14, will feature "final projects" that can be anything from songs, conversations, prayers or stories in the participants' tribal languages. In recent years, participants from the Mutsun tribe served up a translation of Dr. Seuss's "Green Eggs and Ham."

But the end of the conference will mark a beginning as participants return with newfound knowledge to their communities, schools and homes, Hinton said.

With the help of a stipend received as part of the 2006 Lannan Foundation's Cultural Freedom Award, Hinton will continue working after the conference with Advocates for Indigenous California Language Survival on a how-to language instruction manual for Indian families in California and across the country to use at home.

It is the season for summer camps, and such activities outside the home can provide critical support for language instruction, Hinton said. "If you don't have community support and social capital (for the endangered language) outside the family, the child is likely to reject the language," she added.

As for learning Indian languages in school, Hinton and others said that mandates for and a focus on standardized testing in English under the federal "No Child Left Behind" Act threaten to undermine indigenous language instruction.

California's teacher credential requirements also can hinder the hiring of native language teachers, although some tribes are fighting for alternative, tribal assessment and certification of native language teachers. The state's approach would take current teachers out of the classroom for years in order for them to pursue academic requirements, said Supahan.

The few current teachers are already trained in their native language and in methodology for teaching languages, she said. "We can't afford to force people to leave (for more training)," said Supahan. "When they come back, those few fluent elders who remain and who continue to be their mentors will likely no longer be here."

Tribal support for language instruction varies, and although indigenous language immersion schools operate outside the state, there are no such schools in California yet. Some tribal leaders focus more on immediate economic needs than on language revitalization, Hinton said, and some tribes are so small and scattered that it's impractical for them to run their own language schools, even if they had enough speakers to handle the teaching load.

Some Indian parents or grandparents who spoke their native languages opted in years past not to share it with their children, Hinton said, because they thought that growing up with English as their primary language would ease the children's way in the world.

That outlook appears to be changing.

In a 2005 report, students at Hoopa High School in Hoopa, Calif., talked about why they were taking courses to learn native languages. "With the languages come values and ways to view the world that are unique to the language," said one unidentified youth. "If those values and views are forgotten and no longer learned, where would that put us as a people who have changed so much so fast already? Could we continue our dances without prayers in the languages? Would we value our valleys, our rivers and our fish in the same way?"

"Language revitalization is always an uphill battle, but people are getting increasingly excited about it," Hinton said.

"Those kids are now thinking about what they lost, and a generation that didn't get to learn their languages is fighting to get them back so they can give them to their kids," she said.

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ATH: USA 8 Barbados 0 CONCACAF Overkill

USA 8 - Barbados 0

WASHINGTON, DC (Jun 15, 2008) USSoccerPlayers -- The United States got the goals in the first leg of their home and home World Cup Qualifying series against Barbados, with Brian Ching and Clint Dempsey scoring twice and Michael Bradley, Landon Donovan, Eddie Johnson and a Barbados own goal finishing out the lopsided win in Carson, California.

Clint Dempsey opened the scoring in the first minute and the US never looked troubled by an admittedly weak Barbados squad. Bob Bradley had to sub out Pablo Mastroeni for Freddy Adu in the first half due to injury, and Eddie Lewis and Eddie Johnson came on late for the United States.

“We were the better team today and we knew that our job was to go out and win decisively," Dempsey said. "The more goals that we can get the more of a cushion it gives us going to Barbados. You can never take a team too lightly and we just wanted to make sure we put ourselves in a good position for the next game. It is definitely a good feeling going into next week, and now we just have to make sure that we take care of business down in Barbados before we look forward to the next challenges.”

The US now faces Barbados next Sunday at 3pm ET on ESPN Classic in the second leg at Kensington Oval in Bridgetown, Barbados.

-- Game Report --

Match-up: USA vs. Barbados
Date: June 15, 2008
Competition: FIFA World Cup qualifier
Venue: The Home Depot Center – Carson, California
Kickoff: 2 p.m. PT
Attendance: 11,476
Weather: Warm, sunny, 75 degrees

Scoring Summary: 1 2 F
USA 3 5 8
BRB 0 0 0

USA – Clint Dempsey (Carlos Bocanegra) 1st minute.
USA – Michael Bradley 12.
USA – Brian Ching (Pablo Mastroeni) 20.
USA – Landon Donovan (free kick) 59.
USA – Clint Dempsey 63.
USA – Eddie Johnson (Heath Pearce) 82.
USA – Own goal (Daryl Ferguson) 86.
USA – Brian Ching (Steve Cherundolo) 89.

USA: 18-Brad Guzan; 6-Steve Cherundolo, 5-Oguchi Onyewu, 3-Carlos Bocanegra, 15-Heath Pearce; 10-Landon Donovan (9-Eddie Jonson, 81), 12-Michael Bradley, 4-Pablo Mastroeni (16-Freddy Adu, 26), 17-DaMarcus Beasley; 11-Brian Ching, 8-Clint Dempsey (7-Eddie Lewis, 72)
Subs not used: 1-Matt Reis, 2-Frankie Hejduk, 13-Maurice Edu, 14-Danny Calif
Head Coach: Bob Bradley

BRB: 1-Alvin Rouse; 2-Dyson James, 3-Daryl Ferguson, 4-Greg Belle, 5-Bryan Neblett; 8-Jonathan Forte (13-Riviere Williams, 69), 10-Norman Forde (Capt.) (12-Malcolm Marshall, 72), 11-Jonathon Nurse (17-John Parris, 76), 15-Rommelle Burgess; 7-Paul Ifill, 9-Mark McCammon.
Subs not used: 16-Barry Skeete, 18-Adrian Chase
Head Coach: Eyre Sealy

Stats Summary: USA / BRB
Shots 22 / 2
Shots on goal 14 / 0
Saves 0 / 7
Corner Kicks 7 / 2
Fouls 15 / 12
Offside 5 / 4

Misconduct Summary:
BRB – Norman Forde (caution) 18th minute.
USA – Oguchi Onyewu (caution) 18.
BRB – Bryan Neblett (caution) 59.
BRB – Malcolm Marshall (caution) 79.

Referee: Marco Antonio Rodriguez (MEX)
1st Asst.: Jose Luis Camargo (MEX)
2nd Asst.: Alberto Morin (MEX)
Fourth Official: Roberto Garcia (MEX)

Game Report Courtesy of US Soccer Communications

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Sunday, June 15, 2008

NAT: Iowa Lost

Native tongue: Lost language comes to life on screen in new movie

When Jimm Goodtracks speaks to his grandson at home, it's usually in Baxoje, a language that is nearly extinct.

Goodtracks has written two books on the language and is working on an unabridged dictionary on it.

He sees the 3-year-old boy as another way to help keep it alive.

"Younger people don't know this stuff," Goodtracks says. "They're getting away from things."

That's a concern for Lawrence resident Goodtracks and other members of the Ioway nation, who are the namesake for the state of Iowa despite being largely removed from there in the 1830s.

But tribal members are seeing a resurgence in interest in their Iowa roots -- and residents of Iowa are rediscovering an interest in the tribe -- thanks to a new documentary featuring the culture of a people struggling to maintain their heritage through the years.

The title of the film -- "Lost Nation: The Ioway" -- refers mainly to the fact that the people of Iowa don't know the history of their state's name. But it also refers to a bond that has been lost among Ioway people -- a bond people such as Goodtracks hope to rediscover.

"There are some beautiful things getting lost," he says.

The film is the work of Kelly and Tammy Rundle, who live in Moline, Ill. They pursued the project at the request of an Iowa historian who mentioned that many Iowans didn't know the history of their state's name.

Briefly, that history is this: In 1824, two Ioway brothers traveled to Washington, D.C., to meet with William Clark, superintendent of Indian Affairs (and of William and Clark fame). Brother White Cloud saw cooperation as the only way for his people to survive, but brother Great Walker regretted the loss of land where his ancestors are buried.

The tribe lost a large portion of its territory under the treaty that was signed. Eventually, the Ioway people were divided, with some seeing one brother as a traitor and the other as a patriot.

Today, the Ioway people are scattered across the country, though concentrations live on reservations in White Cloud, near the Nebraska border in Doniphan County, and near Perkins, Okla.

"There are lots of pieces of the story scattered all over various places," says Kelly Rundle.

That made telling the story a challenge.

The filmmakers found help with the 65-year-old Goodtracks, a retired social worker who has lived in Lawrence since 1991.

He grew up in Oklahoma, hearing his Ioway elders speak Baxoje, the language of his people. But it wasn't until he graduated from Oklahoma State University and moved into a job in southern Colorado -- where he learned to speak Spanish -- that he appreciated being bilingual.

"I thought, 'Geez, if I'm going to talk Spanish, I might as well write down my own language,'" he says.

That sparked an interest in creating the first Baxoje dictionary, which was published in 1977. He followed it with another book on the language a few years later.

Since then, Goodtracks has been working on an unabridged dictionary on his people's language, assisted with grants from his tribe and the Kansas Humanities Council.

"It's really consumed most of my life," he says of his pursuit to document the language.

Those in the tribe have noticed.

"The concern over losing language -- that's a big concern," says Alan Kelley, vice chairman of the Ioway Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska. "If we don't get something going, it will disappear."

Goodtracks also is working on an alternate Baxoje audio track for the upcoming DVD for "Lost Nation," which is due out in spring of 2009.

He says he's one of around six "semi-fluent" speakers of the Baxoje language.

But Kelley and others involved with the tribe give Goodtracks credit for helping keep the language alive.

"Jimm has been doing that for a long time, ever since I can remember," Kelley says. "The hardest part of the language is the pronunciation -- a female might do a different pronunciation than a male, which is the hardest part of saying certain words. Jimm knows all that."

Now that he's retired, Goodtracks hopes to do his part to keep the Baxoje language alive, which he says is a big part of keeping the Iowa culture alive.

He's hoping the "Lost Nation" film can do its part, too.

Goodtracks says: "It's like they always say -- you don't know where you're going if you don't know where you've been."

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Thursday, June 12, 2008

OBT: Gary Hecht

Robert Gary Hecht

SAN ANTONIO — Robert “Gary” Hecht, 61, a Kerrville resident for more than 13 years, passed away on Monday, June 9, 2008, in a San Antonio hospital.

He was born in Kermit, Texas, to Martha and A.C. Hecht, but spent most of his childhood in Junction. He graduated from Junction High School in 1965 and Texas Tech University in 1969. On May 16, 1970, he married Lynn Ferrell and shortly thereafter moved to Abilene, Texas, then to Austin, followed by a move to Houston, and has since resided in Kerrville.

Gary was an avid animal lover, leading to he and Lynn’s ownership of a local pet store for the last 12 years. He was also an active member of the Texas Tech Alumni Association, Hill Country Chapter, annually helping to raise money for scholarships for local youth. He also volunteered for American Red Cross and the Boy Scouts of America, participating in fund-raising.

He is survived by his wife, Lynn Hecht; sister and brother-in-law, Judy and Bill Cardwell; stepfather, Milton Schulz; father-in-law, Jim Ferrell; daughter and son-in-law, Hilary and Kyle Marshall; daughter and son-in-law, Kristen and Beaux Cook; grandchildren, Jackson and Garrett Marshall and Holland Cook; and two nephews and their families.

He was predeceased by his mother, Martha Schulz; father, A.C. Hecht; and mother-in-law, Billie Ferrell.

Gary/Dad/Paw-Paw/Uncle Gary will be sorely missed by everyone who knew and loved him.

Donations in his memory can be made to the American Heart Association or the Texas Tech Alumni Association.

Services will be at 1 p.m. Friday, June 13, 2008, at St. Peter’s Episcopal Church, officiated by the Rev. Stockton Williams. Burial will be held privately.

The family invites you to send condolences at by selecting the “Send Condolences” link.

Funeral arrangements are entrusted to Grimes Funeral Chapels of Kerrville.

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Wednesday, June 11, 2008

COM: I'm Voting

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ATH: US Roster for Barbados

From the US National Team Players Association

US Roster Announced

US National Team coach Bob Bradley released his roster for Sunday's World Cup Qualifier against Barbados in Carson, CA. Carlos Bocanegra returns to the lineup after missing the Argentina friendly for personal reasons.

GOALKEEPERS (3): Dominic Cervi (out of contract), Brad Guzan (Chivas USA), Tim Howard (Everton FC)
DEFENDERS (7): Carlos Bocanegra (out of contact), Dan Califf (FC Midtjylland), Steve Cherundolo (Hannover 96), Jay DeMerit (Watford FC), Frankie Hejduk (Columbus Crew), Oguchi Onyewu (Standard de Liege), Heath Pearce (Hansa Rostock)
MIDFIELDERS (7): Freddy Adu (SL Benfica), DaMarcus Beasley (Glasgow Rangers), Michael Bradley (SC Heerenveen), Maurice Edu (Toronto FC), Sacha Kljestan (Chivas USA), Eddie Lewis (Derby County), Pablo Mastroeni (Colorado Rapids)
FORWARDS (4): Brian Ching (Houston Dynamo), Landon Donovan (Los Angeles Galaxy), Clint Dempsey (Fulham FC), Eddie Johnson (Fulham FC)

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Tuesday, June 10, 2008

OBT: Derek McKiddie

Coach Derek Kent McKiddie

Mr. Derek Kent McKiddie, age 42 of Kerrville, Texas, passed away Saturday, June 7, 2008, in a Kerrville hospital from injuries sustained in a motorcycle accident. He was born September 11, 1965, in Houston, Texas, to Joe McKiddie and Dolores Brenek McKiddie. He was a 17-year resident of Kerrville and was a longtime teacher and coach in the Kerrville I.S.D.

He graduated from Grapeland High School in 1984 and graduated from the University of Texas El Paso in May 1991.

He married Bridget Michelle Witt on March 6, 1993, in Kerrville.

Survivors include his wife, Bridget McKiddie; a son, Cooper Landry McKiddie, parents, Joe and Dolores McKiddie; father in law, Herbie Witt; Sister, Brenda Heimann and husband, Louis “Bud", all of Kerrville; brother, Joe McKiddie and wife, Linda of Pearland, TX; brothers and sisters in law, Troy and Susan Witt and T.R. and Hollie Andreas, all of Kerrville and nieces & nephews, Megan Murray, Drew Murray, Jake Heimann, Megan Heimann, Emily Witt, Ian Witt and Reelyn Andreas.

Funeral services for Mr. McKiddie will be Tuesday, June 10, 2008, at 2 p.m. at First United Methodist Church with Dr. Warren Hornung officiating. Interment will follow in Garden of Memories.

Memorial remembrances may be made to the Tivy Child Development Center in Derek’s memory for playground equipment.

The family invites you to send condolences at www.grimes by selecting

the “Send Condolences” link.

Funeral arrangements are entrusted to Grimes Funeral Chapels of Kerrville.

Published June 9, 2008

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Monday, June 09, 2008

ATH: USA v Argentina

USA 0 - Argentina 0
WASHINGTON, DC (Jun 8, 2008) USSoccerPlayers

On a night when Kasey Keller was honored for his 100th cap and Landon Donovan earned his, the United States answered recent criticism by shutting out world number one Argentina in a 0-0 draw at Giants Stadium.

US and Everton goalkeeper Tim Howard played the full 90, stopping multiple Argentine chances and making seven saves while the US responded with several close shots of their own.

“He saved us and kept us in the game," Donovan said of Howard. "In certain moments, when things aren't really going well for you, you hope that your goalkeeper can make a few saves and Timmy went above and beyond that tonight. We can't rely on that all the time because that's not fair on him, but you hope in certain moments he can make those types of plays. He's shown that he can rise to that level over and over again.”

With both teams looking for the winner late, an odd sequence while the US formed a wall in the 71st minute ended up with Pablo Mastroeni being shown a red card.

Whether a case of mistaken identity or just botched officiating, Mastroeni was off and the US were down to ten men. Argentina would lose a player of their own fifteen minutes later, when Javier Mascherano was shown a second yellow.

The game ended with the United States pushing the attack, as Freddy Adu and Sacha Kljestan got quality looks after coming on as second half subs.

With World Cup Qualifying a week away, the US relocates to the Home Depot Center to prepare for Barbados on June 15th.

-- Game Report --

Match-up: USA vs. Argentina
Date: June 8, 2008
Competition: International Friendly
Venue: Giants Stadium – East Rutherford, New Jersey
Kickoff: 7:30 p.m. ET
Attendance: 78,682
Weather: Warm, 85 degrees

Scoring Summary:
1 2 F
USA 0 0 0
ARG 0 0 0

USA: 1-Tim Howard; 6-Steve Cherundolo, 22-Oguchi Onyewu (23-Jay DeMerit, 61), 5-Danny Califf, 15-Heath Pearce (7-Eddie Lewis, 78); 4-Michael Bradley (26-Maurice Edu, 46), 25-Pablo Mastroeni; 8-Clint Dempsey (19-Freddy Adu, 61), 10-Landon Donovan (capt.), 17-DaMarcus Beasley (2-Frankie Hejduk, 91+); 9-Eddie Johnson (12-Sacha Kljestan, 74)
Subs not used: 18-Brad Guzan
Head Coach: Bob Bradley

ARG: 1-Roberto Abbondanzieri; 3-Gonzalo Rodriguez, 4-Nicolas Burdisso (2-Martin Demichelis, 46), 6-Gabriel Heinze, 13-Pablo Zabaleta (8-Javier Zanetti, 77); 5-Fernando Gago, 7-Maximiliano Rodriguez (20-Fernando Cavenaghi, 74), 14-Javier Mascherano (capt.); 9-Julio Cruz (19-Lisandro Lopez, 64), 11-Sergio Aguero (15-Ever Banega, 88), 18-Lionel Messi (17-Jose Sosa, 46)
Subs not used: 12-Sergio Romero, 16-Jonas Gutierrez
Head Coach: Alfio Basile

Stats Summary: USA / ARG
Shots: 9 / 10
Shots on goal: 4 / 7
Saves: 7 / 5
Corner Kicks: 7 / 6
Fouls: 19 / 18
Offside: 3 / 2

Misconduct Summary:
ARG – Nicolas Burdisso (caution) 18th minute.
USA – Pablo Maestroeni (caution) 60.
USA – Maurice Edu (caution) 70.
USA – Pablo Maestroeni (caution) 71.
USA – Pablo Maestroeni (sent off) 71.
ARG – Gabriel Heinze (caution) 84.
ARG – Lisandro Lopez (caution) 84.
ARG – Javier Mascherano (caution) 86.
ARG – Javier Mascherano (sent off) 86.

Referee: Joel Aguilar Chicas (SLV)

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Friday, June 06, 2008

OBT: Caribbean Monk Seal

U.S.: Caribbean monk seal is extinct
Only seal species to vanish due to human impacts; two other species at risk
MSNBC, updated 2:42 p.m. CT, Fri., June. 6, 2008

After five years of futile efforts to find or confirm sightings of any Caribbean monk seals — even just one — the U.S. government on Friday announced that the species is officially extinct and the only seal to vanish due to human causes.

"Humans left the Caribbean monk seal population unsustainable after overhunting them," Kyle Baker, a biologist for the National Marine Fisheries Service, said in a statement. "Unfortunately, this led to their demise and labels the species as the only seal to go extinct from human causes."

A Caribbean monk seal — the only subtropical seal native to the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico — had not been seen for more than 50 years. The last confirmed sighting was in 1952 at Seranilla Bank, between Jamaica and the Yucatan Peninsula.

The United States listed the species as endangered in 1967. The fisheries service will now have the species removed from the list.

"Caribbean monk seals were first discovered during Columbus’s second voyage in 1494, when eight seals were killed for meat," the fisheries service noted. "Following European colonization from the 1700s to 1900s, the seals were exploited intensively for their blubber, and to a lesser extent for food, scientific study and zoological collection. Blubber was processed into oil and used for lubrication, coating the bottom of boats, and as lamp and cooking oil. Seal skins were sought to make trunk linings, articles of clothing, straps and bags."

Hawaiian, Mediterranean species at risk
Just two other monk seal species remain: Hawaiian and Mediterranean monk seals, both of which are endangered and at risk of extinction. Populations have fallen to below 1,200 and 500 individuals, respectively, the fisheries service stated.

"Worldwide, populations of the two remaining monk seal species are declining," said Baker. "We hope we’ve learned from the extinction of Caribbean monk seals, and can provide stronger protection for their Hawaiian and Mediterranean relatives."

The Hawaiian population is declining at a rate of about four percent per year, with challenges "such as lack of food sources for young seals, entanglement in marine debris, predation by sharks, and loss of haul-out and pupping beaches due to erosion," the service said.

"The Hawaiian monk seal is a treasure to preserve for future generations," said NMFS biologist Bud Antonelis. The "fisheries service has developed a monk seal recovery plan, but we need continued support from organizations and the public if we are to have a chance at saving it from extinction. Time is running out."

"The fate of the Caribbean monk seal is a wake-up call for us to act quickly to protect other endangered monk seal populations. We must learn from our mistakes," Vicki Cornish of Ocean Conservancy echoed in a separate statement. "We must act now to reduce threats to existing monk seal populations before it's too late. These animals are important to the balance and health of the ocean — we can't afford to wait."

Other species of marine mammals that have gone extinct in modern times include the Atlantic gray whale (1700s or 1800s) and stellar sea cow (late 1700s), presumably due to overhunting by whalers, the fisheries service stated.

Climate connection
The Ocean Conservancy said some of the threats, especially erosion and debris, are tied to the El Nino weather pattern and rising sea levels, which in turn is tied to global warming.

"El Nino events, which cause storms similar to those expected to occur with increasing frequency as a result of climate change, drive marine debris closer to monk seal beaches and nearshore waters," it added. "Seal pups play with trash, which can lead to entanglement and eventual death. Increased numbers of Hawaiian monk seals have been found entangled in marine debris after El Nino events."

Entanglement happens even in "one of the best-protected ocean places in the United States," the conservation group said, referring to the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands National Monument created by President Bush in 2006.


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